blob: dd33eeb1b376a044c3cd246bcedca1bc3b636332 [file] [log] [blame]
//===--- CaptureTracking.cpp - Determine whether a pointer is captured ----===//
// The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
// This file contains routines that help determine which pointers are captured.
// A pointer value is captured if the function makes a copy of any part of the
// pointer that outlives the call. Not being captured means, more or less, that
// the pointer is only dereferenced and not stored in a global. Returning part
// of the pointer as the function return value may or may not count as capturing
// the pointer, depending on the context.
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallSet.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/CaptureTracking.h"
using namespace llvm;
CaptureTracker::~CaptureTracker() {}
namespace {
struct SimpleCaptureTracker : public CaptureTracker {
explicit SimpleCaptureTracker(bool ReturnCaptures)
: ReturnCaptures(ReturnCaptures), Captured(false) {}
void tooManyUses() { Captured = true; }
bool shouldExplore(Use *U) { return true; }
bool captured(Use *U) {
if (isa<ReturnInst>(U->getUser()) && !ReturnCaptures)
return false;
Captured = true;
return true;
bool ReturnCaptures;
bool Captured;
/// PointerMayBeCaptured - Return true if this pointer value may be captured
/// by the enclosing function (which is required to exist). This routine can
/// be expensive, so consider caching the results. The boolean ReturnCaptures
/// specifies whether returning the value (or part of it) from the function
/// counts as capturing it or not. The boolean StoreCaptures specified whether
/// storing the value (or part of it) into memory anywhere automatically
/// counts as capturing it or not.
bool llvm::PointerMayBeCaptured(const Value *V,
bool ReturnCaptures, bool StoreCaptures) {
assert(!isa<GlobalValue>(V) &&
"It doesn't make sense to ask whether a global is captured.");
// TODO: If StoreCaptures is not true, we could do Fancy analysis
// to determine whether this store is not actually an escape point.
// In that case, BasicAliasAnalysis should be updated as well to
// take advantage of this.
SimpleCaptureTracker SCT(ReturnCaptures);
PointerMayBeCaptured(V, &SCT);
return SCT.Captured;
/// TODO: Write a new FunctionPass AliasAnalysis so that it can keep
/// a cache. Then we can move the code from BasicAliasAnalysis into
/// that path, and remove this threshold.
static int const Threshold = 20;
void llvm::PointerMayBeCaptured(const Value *V, CaptureTracker *Tracker) {
assert(V->getType()->isPointerTy() && "Capture is for pointers only!");
SmallVector<Use*, Threshold> Worklist;
SmallSet<Use*, Threshold> Visited;
int Count = 0;
for (Value::const_use_iterator UI = V->use_begin(), UE = V->use_end();
UI != UE; ++UI) {
// If there are lots of uses, conservatively say that the value
// is captured to avoid taking too much compile time.
if (Count++ >= Threshold)
return Tracker->tooManyUses();
Use *U = &UI.getUse();
if (!Tracker->shouldExplore(U)) continue;
while (!Worklist.empty()) {
Use *U = Worklist.pop_back_val();
Instruction *I = cast<Instruction>(U->getUser());
V = U->get();
switch (I->getOpcode()) {
case Instruction::Call:
case Instruction::Invoke: {
CallSite CS(I);
// Not captured if the callee is readonly, doesn't return a copy through
// its return value and doesn't unwind (a readonly function can leak bits
// by throwing an exception or not depending on the input value).
if (CS.onlyReadsMemory() && CS.doesNotThrow() && I->getType()->isVoidTy())
// Not captured if only passed via 'nocapture' arguments. Note that
// calling a function pointer does not in itself cause the pointer to
// be captured. This is a subtle point considering that (for example)
// the callee might return its own address. It is analogous to saying
// that loading a value from a pointer does not cause the pointer to be
// captured, even though the loaded value might be the pointer itself
// (think of self-referential objects).
CallSite::arg_iterator B = CS.arg_begin(), E = CS.arg_end();
for (CallSite::arg_iterator A = B; A != E; ++A)
if (A->get() == V && !CS.doesNotCapture(A - B))
// The parameter is not marked 'nocapture' - captured.
if (Tracker->captured(U))
case Instruction::Load:
// Loading from a pointer does not cause it to be captured.
case Instruction::VAArg:
// "va-arg" from a pointer does not cause it to be captured.
case Instruction::Store:
if (V == I->getOperand(0))
// Stored the pointer - conservatively assume it may be captured.
if (Tracker->captured(U))
// Storing to the pointee does not cause the pointer to be captured.
case Instruction::BitCast:
case Instruction::GetElementPtr:
case Instruction::PHI:
case Instruction::Select:
// The original value is not captured via this if the new value isn't.
for (Instruction::use_iterator UI = I->use_begin(), UE = I->use_end();
UI != UE; ++UI) {
Use *U = &UI.getUse();
if (Visited.insert(U))
if (Tracker->shouldExplore(U))
case Instruction::ICmp:
// Don't count comparisons of a no-alias return value against null as
// captures. This allows us to ignore comparisons of malloc results
// with null, for example.
if (isNoAliasCall(V->stripPointerCasts()))
if (ConstantPointerNull *CPN =
if (CPN->getType()->getAddressSpace() == 0)
// Otherwise, be conservative. There are crazy ways to capture pointers
// using comparisons.
if (Tracker->captured(U))
// Something else - be conservative and say it is captured.
if (Tracker->captured(U))
// All uses examined.