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//===- llvm/Support/DebugCounter.h - Debug counter support ------*- C++ -*-===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
/// \file
/// This file provides an implementation of debug counters. Debug
/// counters are a tool that let you narrow down a miscompilation to a specific
/// thing happening.
/// To give a use case: Imagine you have a file, very large, and you
/// are trying to understand the minimal transformation that breaks it. Bugpoint
/// and bisection is often helpful here in narrowing it down to a specific pass,
/// but it's still a very large file, and a very complicated pass to try to
/// debug. That is where debug counting steps in. You can instrument the pass
/// with a debug counter before it does a certain thing, and depending on the
/// counts, it will either execute that thing or not. The debug counter itself
/// consists of a skip and a count. Skip is the number of times shouldExecute
/// needs to be called before it returns true. Count is the number of times to
/// return true once Skip is 0. So a skip=47, count=2 ,would skip the first 47
/// executions by returning false from shouldExecute, then execute twice, and
/// then return false again.
/// Note that a counter set to a negative number will always execute.
/// For a concrete example, during predicateinfo creation, the renaming pass
/// replaces each use with a renamed use.
/// If I use DEBUG_COUNTER to create a counter called "predicateinfo", and
/// variable name RenameCounter, and then instrument this renaming with a debug
/// counter, like so:
/// if (!DebugCounter::shouldExecute(RenameCounter)
/// <continue or return or whatever not executing looks like>
/// Now I can, from the command line, make it rename or not rename certain uses
/// by setting the skip and count.
/// So for example
/// bin/opt -debug-counter=predicateinfo-skip=47,predicateinfo-count=1
/// will skip renaming the first 47 uses, then rename one, then skip the rest.
#include "llvm/ADT/DenseMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/UniqueVector.h"
#include "llvm/Support/CommandLine.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
#include <string>
namespace llvm {
class DebugCounter {
/// Returns a reference to the singleton instance.
static DebugCounter &instance();
// Used by the command line option parser to push a new value it parsed.
void push_back(const std::string &);
// Register a counter with the specified name.
// FIXME: Currently, counter registration is required to happen before command
// line option parsing. The main reason to register counters is to produce a
// nice list of them on the command line, but i'm not sure this is worth it.
static unsigned registerCounter(StringRef Name, StringRef Desc) {
return instance().addCounter(Name, Desc);
inline static bool shouldExecute(unsigned CounterName) {
if (!isCountingEnabled())
return true;
auto &Us = instance();
auto Result = Us.Counters.find(CounterName);
if (Result != Us.Counters.end()) {
auto &CounterInfo = Result->second;
// We only execute while the Skip is not smaller than Count,
// and the StopAfter + Skip is larger than Count.
// Negative counters always execute.
if (CounterInfo.Skip < 0)
return true;
if (CounterInfo.Skip >= CounterInfo.Count)
return false;
if (CounterInfo.StopAfter < 0)
return true;
return CounterInfo.StopAfter + CounterInfo.Skip >= CounterInfo.Count;
// Didn't find the counter, should we warn?
return true;
// Return true if a given counter had values set (either programatically or on
// the command line). This will return true even if those values are
// currently in a state where the counter will always execute.
static bool isCounterSet(unsigned ID) {
return instance().Counters[ID].IsSet;
// Return the Count for a counter. This only works for set counters.
static int64_t getCounterValue(unsigned ID) {
auto &Us = instance();
auto Result = Us.Counters.find(ID);
assert(Result != Us.Counters.end() && "Asking about a non-set counter");
return Result->second.Count;
// Set a registered counter to a given Count value.
static void setCounterValue(unsigned ID, int64_t Count) {
auto &Us = instance();
Us.Counters[ID].Count = Count;
// Dump or print the current counter set into llvm::dbgs().
LLVM_DUMP_METHOD void dump() const;
void print(raw_ostream &OS) const;
// Get the counter ID for a given named counter, or return 0 if none is found.
unsigned getCounterId(const std::string &Name) const {
return RegisteredCounters.idFor(Name);
// Return the number of registered counters.
unsigned int getNumCounters() const { return RegisteredCounters.size(); }
// Return the name and description of the counter with the given ID.
std::pair<std::string, std::string> getCounterInfo(unsigned ID) const {
return std::make_pair(RegisteredCounters[ID], Counters.lookup(ID).Desc);
// Iterate through the registered counters
typedef UniqueVector<std::string> CounterVector;
CounterVector::const_iterator begin() const {
return RegisteredCounters.begin();
CounterVector::const_iterator end() const { return RegisteredCounters.end(); }
// Force-enables counting all DebugCounters.
// Since DebugCounters are incompatible with threading (not only do they not
// make sense, but we'll also see data races), this should only be used in
// contexts where we're certain we won't spawn threads.
static void enableAllCounters() { instance().Enabled = true; }
static bool isCountingEnabled() {
// Compile to nothing when debugging is off
#ifdef NDEBUG
return false;
return instance().Enabled;
unsigned addCounter(const std::string &Name, const std::string &Desc) {
unsigned Result = RegisteredCounters.insert(Name);
Counters[Result] = {};
Counters[Result].Desc = Desc;
return Result;
// Struct to store counter info.
struct CounterInfo {
int64_t Count = 0;
int64_t Skip = 0;
int64_t StopAfter = -1;
bool IsSet = false;
std::string Desc;
DenseMap<unsigned, CounterInfo> Counters;
CounterVector RegisteredCounters;
// Whether we should do DebugCounting at all. DebugCounters aren't
// thread-safe, so this should always be false in multithreaded scenarios.
bool Enabled = false;
static const unsigned VARNAME = \
DebugCounter::registerCounter(COUNTERNAME, DESC)
} // namespace llvm