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//===-- lib/Evaluate/fold-implementation.h --------------------------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
#ifndef FORTRAN_EVALUATE_FOLD_IMPLEMENTATION_H_
#define FORTRAN_EVALUATE_FOLD_IMPLEMENTATION_H_
#include "character.h"
#include "host.h"
#include "int-power.h"
#include "flang/Common/indirection.h"
#include "flang/Common/template.h"
#include "flang/Common/unwrap.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/characteristics.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/common.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/constant.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/expression.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/fold.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/formatting.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/intrinsics-library.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/intrinsics.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/shape.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/tools.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/traverse.h"
#include "flang/Evaluate/type.h"
#include "flang/Parser/message.h"
#include "flang/Semantics/scope.h"
#include "flang/Semantics/symbol.h"
#include "flang/Semantics/tools.h"
#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
#include <complex>
#include <cstdio>
#include <optional>
#include <type_traits>
#include <variant>
// Some environments, viz. clang on Darwin, allow the macro HUGE
// to leak out of <math.h> even when it is never directly included.
#undef HUGE
namespace Fortran::evaluate {
// Utilities
template <typename T> class Folder {
public:
explicit Folder(FoldingContext &c) : context_{c} {}
std::optional<Constant<T>> GetNamedConstant(const Symbol &);
std::optional<Constant<T>> ApplySubscripts(const Constant<T> &array,
const std::vector<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> &subscripts);
std::optional<Constant<T>> ApplyComponent(Constant<SomeDerived> &&,
const Symbol &component,
const std::vector<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> * = nullptr);
std::optional<Constant<T>> GetConstantComponent(
Component &, const std::vector<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> * = nullptr);
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folding(ArrayRef &);
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folding(DataRef &);
Expr<T> Folding(Designator<T> &&);
Constant<T> *Folding(std::optional<ActualArgument> &);
Expr<T> CSHIFT(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> EOSHIFT(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> MERGE(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> PACK(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> RESHAPE(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> SPREAD(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> TRANSPOSE(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> UNPACK(FunctionRef<T> &&);
Expr<T> TRANSFER(FunctionRef<T> &&);
private:
FoldingContext &context_;
};
std::optional<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> GetConstantSubscript(
FoldingContext &, Subscript &, const NamedEntity &, int dim);
// Helper to use host runtime on scalars for folding.
template <typename TR, typename... TA>
std::optional<std::function<Scalar<TR>(FoldingContext &, Scalar<TA>...)>>
GetHostRuntimeWrapper(const std::string &name) {
std::vector<DynamicType> argTypes{TA{}.GetType()...};
if (auto hostWrapper{GetHostRuntimeWrapper(name, TR{}.GetType(), argTypes)}) {
return [hostWrapper](
FoldingContext &context, Scalar<TA>... args) -> Scalar<TR> {
std::vector<Expr<SomeType>> genericArgs{
AsGenericExpr(Constant<TA>{args})...};
return GetScalarConstantValue<TR>(
(*hostWrapper)(context, std::move(genericArgs)))
.value();
};
}
return std::nullopt;
}
// FoldOperation() rewrites expression tree nodes.
// If there is any possibility that the rewritten node will
// not have the same representation type, the result of
// FoldOperation() will be packaged in an Expr<> of the same
// specific type.
// no-op base case
template <typename A>
common::IfNoLvalue<Expr<ResultType<A>>, A> FoldOperation(
FoldingContext &, A &&x) {
static_assert(!std::is_same_v<A, Expr<ResultType<A>>>,
"call Fold() instead for Expr<>");
return Expr<ResultType<A>>{std::move(x)};
}
Component FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, Component &&);
NamedEntity FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, NamedEntity &&);
Triplet FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, Triplet &&);
Subscript FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, Subscript &&);
ArrayRef FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, ArrayRef &&);
CoarrayRef FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, CoarrayRef &&);
DataRef FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, DataRef &&);
Substring FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, Substring &&);
ComplexPart FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, ComplexPart &&);
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, FunctionRef<T> &&);
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Designator<T> &&designator) {
return Folder<T>{context}.Folding(std::move(designator));
}
Expr<TypeParamInquiry::Result> FoldOperation(
FoldingContext &, TypeParamInquiry &&);
Expr<ImpliedDoIndex::Result> FoldOperation(
FoldingContext &context, ImpliedDoIndex &&);
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, ArrayConstructor<T> &&);
Expr<SomeDerived> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, StructureConstructor &&);
template <typename T>
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folder<T>::GetNamedConstant(const Symbol &symbol0) {
const Symbol &symbol{ResolveAssociations(symbol0)};
if (IsNamedConstant(symbol)) {
if (const auto *object{
symbol.detailsIf<semantics::ObjectEntityDetails>()}) {
if (const auto *constant{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(object->init())}) {
return *constant;
}
}
}
return std::nullopt;
}
template <typename T>
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folder<T>::Folding(ArrayRef &aRef) {
std::vector<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> subscripts;
int dim{0};
for (Subscript &ss : aRef.subscript()) {
if (auto constant{GetConstantSubscript(context_, ss, aRef.base(), dim++)}) {
subscripts.emplace_back(std::move(*constant));
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
}
if (Component * component{aRef.base().UnwrapComponent()}) {
return GetConstantComponent(*component, &subscripts);
} else if (std::optional<Constant<T>> array{
GetNamedConstant(aRef.base().GetLastSymbol())}) {
return ApplySubscripts(*array, subscripts);
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
}
template <typename T>
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folder<T>::Folding(DataRef &ref) {
return common::visit(
common::visitors{
[this](SymbolRef &sym) { return GetNamedConstant(*sym); },
[this](Component &comp) {
comp = FoldOperation(context_, std::move(comp));
return GetConstantComponent(comp);
},
[this](ArrayRef &aRef) {
aRef = FoldOperation(context_, std::move(aRef));
return Folding(aRef);
},
[](CoarrayRef &) { return std::optional<Constant<T>>{}; },
},
ref.u);
}
// TODO: This would be more natural as a member function of Constant<T>.
template <typename T>
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folder<T>::ApplySubscripts(const Constant<T> &array,
const std::vector<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> &subscripts) {
const auto &shape{array.shape()};
const auto &lbounds{array.lbounds()};
int rank{GetRank(shape)};
CHECK(rank == static_cast<int>(subscripts.size()));
std::size_t elements{1};
ConstantSubscripts resultShape;
ConstantSubscripts ssLB;
for (const auto &ss : subscripts) {
CHECK(ss.Rank() <= 1);
if (ss.Rank() == 1) {
resultShape.push_back(static_cast<ConstantSubscript>(ss.size()));
elements *= ss.size();
ssLB.push_back(ss.lbounds().front());
}
}
ConstantSubscripts ssAt(rank, 0), at(rank, 0), tmp(1, 0);
std::vector<Scalar<T>> values;
while (elements-- > 0) {
bool increment{true};
int k{0};
for (int j{0}; j < rank; ++j) {
if (subscripts[j].Rank() == 0) {
at[j] = subscripts[j].GetScalarValue().value().ToInt64();
} else {
CHECK(k < GetRank(resultShape));
tmp[0] = ssLB.at(k) + ssAt.at(k);
at[j] = subscripts[j].At(tmp).ToInt64();
if (increment) {
if (++ssAt[k] == resultShape[k]) {
ssAt[k] = 0;
} else {
increment = false;
}
}
++k;
}
if (at[j] < lbounds[j] || at[j] >= lbounds[j] + shape[j]) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Subscript value (%jd) is out of range on dimension %d in reference to a constant array value"_err_en_US,
at[j], j + 1);
return std::nullopt;
}
}
values.emplace_back(array.At(at));
CHECK(!increment || elements == 0);
CHECK(k == GetRank(resultShape));
}
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
return Constant<T>{array.LEN(), std::move(values), std::move(resultShape)};
} else if constexpr (std::is_same_v<T, SomeDerived>) {
return Constant<T>{array.result().derivedTypeSpec(), std::move(values),
std::move(resultShape)};
} else {
return Constant<T>{std::move(values), std::move(resultShape)};
}
}
template <typename T>
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folder<T>::ApplyComponent(
Constant<SomeDerived> &&structures, const Symbol &component,
const std::vector<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> *subscripts) {
if (auto scalar{structures.GetScalarValue()}) {
if (std::optional<Expr<SomeType>> expr{scalar->Find(component)}) {
if (const Constant<T> *value{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(*expr)}) {
if (subscripts) {
return ApplySubscripts(*value, *subscripts);
} else {
return *value;
}
}
}
} else {
// A(:)%scalar_component & A(:)%array_component(subscripts)
std::unique_ptr<ArrayConstructor<T>> array;
if (structures.empty()) {
return std::nullopt;
}
ConstantSubscripts at{structures.lbounds()};
do {
StructureConstructor scalar{structures.At(at)};
if (std::optional<Expr<SomeType>> expr{scalar.Find(component)}) {
if (const Constant<T> *value{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(expr.value())}) {
if (!array.get()) {
// This technique ensures that character length or derived type
// information is propagated to the array constructor.
auto *typedExpr{UnwrapExpr<Expr<T>>(expr.value())};
CHECK(typedExpr);
array = std::make_unique<ArrayConstructor<T>>(*typedExpr);
}
if (subscripts) {
if (auto element{ApplySubscripts(*value, *subscripts)}) {
CHECK(element->Rank() == 0);
array->Push(Expr<T>{std::move(*element)});
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
} else {
CHECK(value->Rank() == 0);
array->Push(Expr<T>{*value});
}
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
}
} while (structures.IncrementSubscripts(at));
// Fold the ArrayConstructor<> into a Constant<>.
CHECK(array);
Expr<T> result{Fold(context_, Expr<T>{std::move(*array)})};
if (auto *constant{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(result)}) {
return constant->Reshape(common::Clone(structures.shape()));
}
}
return std::nullopt;
}
template <typename T>
std::optional<Constant<T>> Folder<T>::GetConstantComponent(Component &component,
const std::vector<Constant<SubscriptInteger>> *subscripts) {
if (std::optional<Constant<SomeDerived>> structures{common::visit(
common::visitors{
[&](const Symbol &symbol) {
return Folder<SomeDerived>{context_}.GetNamedConstant(symbol);
},
[&](ArrayRef &aRef) {
return Folder<SomeDerived>{context_}.Folding(aRef);
},
[&](Component &base) {
return Folder<SomeDerived>{context_}.GetConstantComponent(base);
},
[&](CoarrayRef &) {
return std::optional<Constant<SomeDerived>>{};
},
},
component.base().u)}) {
return ApplyComponent(
std::move(*structures), component.GetLastSymbol(), subscripts);
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::Folding(Designator<T> &&designator) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
if (auto *substring{common::Unwrap<Substring>(designator.u)}) {
if (std::optional<Expr<SomeCharacter>> folded{
substring->Fold(context_)}) {
if (const auto *specific{std::get_if<Expr<T>>(&folded->u)}) {
return std::move(*specific);
}
}
// We used to fold zero-length substrings into zero-length
// constants here, but that led to problems in variable
// definition contexts.
}
} else if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Real) {
if (auto *zPart{std::get_if<ComplexPart>(&designator.u)}) {
*zPart = FoldOperation(context_, std::move(*zPart));
using ComplexT = Type<TypeCategory::Complex, T::kind>;
if (auto zConst{Folder<ComplexT>{context_}.Folding(zPart->complex())}) {
return Fold(context_,
Expr<T>{ComplexComponent<T::kind>{
zPart->part() == ComplexPart::Part::IM,
Expr<ComplexT>{std::move(*zConst)}}});
} else {
return Expr<T>{Designator<T>{std::move(*zPart)}};
}
}
}
return common::visit(
common::visitors{
[&](SymbolRef &&symbol) {
if (auto constant{GetNamedConstant(*symbol)}) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(*constant)};
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(designator)};
},
[&](ArrayRef &&aRef) {
aRef = FoldOperation(context_, std::move(aRef));
if (auto c{Folding(aRef)}) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(*c)};
} else {
return Expr<T>{Designator<T>{std::move(aRef)}};
}
},
[&](Component &&component) {
component = FoldOperation(context_, std::move(component));
if (auto c{GetConstantComponent(component)}) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(*c)};
} else {
return Expr<T>{Designator<T>{std::move(component)}};
}
},
[&](auto &&x) {
return Expr<T>{
Designator<T>{FoldOperation(context_, std::move(x))}};
},
},
std::move(designator.u));
}
// Apply type conversion and re-folding if necessary.
// This is where BOZ arguments are converted.
template <typename T>
Constant<T> *Folder<T>::Folding(std::optional<ActualArgument> &arg) {
if (auto *expr{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeType>>(arg)}) {
if constexpr (T::category != TypeCategory::Derived) {
if (!UnwrapExpr<Expr<T>>(*expr)) {
if (auto converted{ConvertToType(T::GetType(), std::move(*expr))}) {
*expr = Fold(context_, std::move(*converted));
}
}
}
return UnwrapConstantValue<T>(*expr);
}
return nullptr;
}
template <typename... A, std::size_t... I>
std::optional<std::tuple<const Constant<A> *...>> GetConstantArgumentsHelper(
FoldingContext &context, ActualArguments &arguments,
std::index_sequence<I...>) {
static_assert(sizeof...(A) > 0);
std::tuple<const Constant<A> *...> args{
Folder<A>{context}.Folding(arguments.at(I))...};
if ((... && (std::get<I>(args)))) {
return args;
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
}
template <typename... A>
std::optional<std::tuple<const Constant<A> *...>> GetConstantArguments(
FoldingContext &context, ActualArguments &args) {
return GetConstantArgumentsHelper<A...>(
context, args, std::index_sequence_for<A...>{});
}
template <typename... A, std::size_t... I>
std::optional<std::tuple<Scalar<A>...>> GetScalarConstantArgumentsHelper(
FoldingContext &context, ActualArguments &args, std::index_sequence<I...>) {
if (auto constArgs{GetConstantArguments<A...>(context, args)}) {
return std::tuple<Scalar<A>...>{
std::get<I>(*constArgs)->GetScalarValue().value()...};
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
}
template <typename... A>
std::optional<std::tuple<Scalar<A>...>> GetScalarConstantArguments(
FoldingContext &context, ActualArguments &args) {
return GetScalarConstantArgumentsHelper<A...>(
context, args, std::index_sequence_for<A...>{});
}
// helpers to fold intrinsic function references
// Define callable types used in a common utility that
// takes care of array and cast/conversion aspects for elemental intrinsics
template <typename TR, typename... TArgs>
using ScalarFunc = std::function<Scalar<TR>(const Scalar<TArgs> &...)>;
template <typename TR, typename... TArgs>
using ScalarFuncWithContext =
std::function<Scalar<TR>(FoldingContext &, const Scalar<TArgs> &...)>;
template <template <typename, typename...> typename WrapperType, typename TR,
typename... TA, std::size_t... I>
Expr<TR> FoldElementalIntrinsicHelper(FoldingContext &context,
FunctionRef<TR> &&funcRef, WrapperType<TR, TA...> func,
std::index_sequence<I...>) {
if (std::optional<std::tuple<const Constant<TA> *...>> args{
GetConstantArguments<TA...>(context, funcRef.arguments())}) {
// Compute the shape of the result based on shapes of arguments
ConstantSubscripts shape;
int rank{0};
const ConstantSubscripts *shapes[]{&std::get<I>(*args)->shape()...};
const int ranks[]{std::get<I>(*args)->Rank()...};
for (unsigned int i{0}; i < sizeof...(TA); ++i) {
if (ranks[i] > 0) {
if (rank == 0) {
rank = ranks[i];
shape = *shapes[i];
} else {
if (shape != *shapes[i]) {
// TODO: Rank compatibility was already checked but it seems to be
// the first place where the actual shapes are checked to be the
// same. Shouldn't this be checked elsewhere so that this is also
// checked for non constexpr call to elemental intrinsics function?
context.messages().Say(
"Arguments in elemental intrinsic function are not conformable"_err_en_US);
return Expr<TR>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
}
}
}
CHECK(rank == GetRank(shape));
// Compute all the scalar values of the results
std::vector<Scalar<TR>> results;
std::optional<uint64_t> n{TotalElementCount(shape)};
if (!n) {
context.messages().Say(
"Too many elements in elemental intrinsic function result"_err_en_US);
return Expr<TR>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
if (*n > 0) {
ConstantBounds bounds{shape};
ConstantSubscripts resultIndex(rank, 1);
ConstantSubscripts argIndex[]{std::get<I>(*args)->lbounds()...};
do {
if constexpr (std::is_same_v<WrapperType<TR, TA...>,
ScalarFuncWithContext<TR, TA...>>) {
results.emplace_back(
func(context, std::get<I>(*args)->At(argIndex[I])...));
} else if constexpr (std::is_same_v<WrapperType<TR, TA...>,
ScalarFunc<TR, TA...>>) {
results.emplace_back(func(std::get<I>(*args)->At(argIndex[I])...));
}
(std::get<I>(*args)->IncrementSubscripts(argIndex[I]), ...);
} while (bounds.IncrementSubscripts(resultIndex));
}
// Build and return constant result
if constexpr (TR::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
auto len{static_cast<ConstantSubscript>(
results.empty() ? 0 : results[0].length())};
return Expr<TR>{Constant<TR>{len, std::move(results), std::move(shape)}};
} else if constexpr (TR::category == TypeCategory::Derived) {
if (!results.empty()) {
return Expr<TR>{rank == 0
? Constant<TR>{results.front()}
: Constant<TR>{results.front().derivedTypeSpec(),
std::move(results), std::move(shape)}};
}
} else {
return Expr<TR>{Constant<TR>{std::move(results), std::move(shape)}};
}
}
return Expr<TR>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
template <typename TR, typename... TA>
Expr<TR> FoldElementalIntrinsic(FoldingContext &context,
FunctionRef<TR> &&funcRef, ScalarFunc<TR, TA...> func) {
return FoldElementalIntrinsicHelper<ScalarFunc, TR, TA...>(
context, std::move(funcRef), func, std::index_sequence_for<TA...>{});
}
template <typename TR, typename... TA>
Expr<TR> FoldElementalIntrinsic(FoldingContext &context,
FunctionRef<TR> &&funcRef, ScalarFuncWithContext<TR, TA...> func) {
return FoldElementalIntrinsicHelper<ScalarFuncWithContext, TR, TA...>(
context, std::move(funcRef), func, std::index_sequence_for<TA...>{});
}
std::optional<std::int64_t> GetInt64ArgOr(
const std::optional<ActualArgument> &, std::int64_t defaultValue);
template <typename A, typename B>
std::optional<std::vector<A>> GetIntegerVector(const B &x) {
static_assert(std::is_integral_v<A>);
if (const auto *someInteger{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeInteger>>(x)}) {
return common::visit(
[](const auto &typedExpr) -> std::optional<std::vector<A>> {
using T = ResultType<decltype(typedExpr)>;
if (const auto *constant{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(typedExpr)}) {
if (constant->Rank() == 1) {
std::vector<A> result;
for (const auto &value : constant->values()) {
result.push_back(static_cast<A>(value.ToInt64()));
}
return result;
}
}
return std::nullopt;
},
someInteger->u);
}
return std::nullopt;
}
// Transform an intrinsic function reference that contains user errors
// into an intrinsic with the same characteristic but the "invalid" name.
// This to prevent generating warnings over and over if the expression
// gets re-folded.
template <typename T> Expr<T> MakeInvalidIntrinsic(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
SpecificIntrinsic invalid{std::get<SpecificIntrinsic>(funcRef.proc().u)};
invalid.name = IntrinsicProcTable::InvalidName;
return Expr<T>{FunctionRef<T>{ProcedureDesignator{std::move(invalid)},
ActualArguments{std::move(funcRef.arguments())}}};
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::CSHIFT(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
auto args{funcRef.arguments()};
CHECK(args.size() == 3);
const auto *array{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[0])};
const auto *shiftExpr{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeInteger>>(args[1])};
auto dim{GetInt64ArgOr(args[2], 1)};
if (!array || !shiftExpr || !dim) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
auto convertedShift{Fold(context_,
ConvertToType<SubscriptInteger>(Expr<SomeInteger>{*shiftExpr}))};
const auto *shift{UnwrapConstantValue<SubscriptInteger>(convertedShift)};
if (!shift) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
// Arguments are constant
if (*dim < 1 || *dim > array->Rank()) {
context_.messages().Say("Invalid 'dim=' argument (%jd) in CSHIFT"_err_en_US,
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(*dim));
} else if (shift->Rank() > 0 && shift->Rank() != array->Rank() - 1) {
// message already emitted from intrinsic look-up
} else {
int rank{array->Rank()};
int zbDim{static_cast<int>(*dim) - 1};
bool ok{true};
if (shift->Rank() > 0) {
int k{0};
for (int j{0}; j < rank; ++j) {
if (j != zbDim) {
if (array->shape()[j] != shift->shape()[k]) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Invalid 'shift=' argument in CSHIFT: extent on dimension %d is %jd but must be %jd"_err_en_US,
k + 1, static_cast<std::intmax_t>(shift->shape()[k]),
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(array->shape()[j]));
ok = false;
}
++k;
}
}
}
if (ok) {
std::vector<Scalar<T>> resultElements;
ConstantSubscripts arrayLB{array->lbounds()};
ConstantSubscripts arrayAt{arrayLB};
ConstantSubscript &dimIndex{arrayAt[zbDim]};
ConstantSubscript dimLB{dimIndex}; // initial value
ConstantSubscript dimExtent{array->shape()[zbDim]};
ConstantSubscripts shiftLB{shift->lbounds()};
for (auto n{GetSize(array->shape())}; n > 0; --n) {
ConstantSubscript origDimIndex{dimIndex};
ConstantSubscripts shiftAt;
if (shift->Rank() > 0) {
int k{0};
for (int j{0}; j < rank; ++j) {
if (j != zbDim) {
shiftAt.emplace_back(shiftLB[k++] + arrayAt[j] - arrayLB[j]);
}
}
}
ConstantSubscript shiftCount{shift->At(shiftAt).ToInt64()};
dimIndex = dimLB + ((dimIndex - dimLB + shiftCount) % dimExtent);
if (dimIndex < dimLB) {
dimIndex += dimExtent;
} else if (dimIndex >= dimLB + dimExtent) {
dimIndex -= dimExtent;
}
resultElements.push_back(array->At(arrayAt));
dimIndex = origDimIndex;
array->IncrementSubscripts(arrayAt);
}
return Expr<T>{PackageConstant<T>(
std::move(resultElements), *array, array->shape())};
}
}
// Invalid, prevent re-folding
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::EOSHIFT(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
auto args{funcRef.arguments()};
CHECK(args.size() == 4);
const auto *array{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[0])};
const auto *shiftExpr{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeInteger>>(args[1])};
auto dim{GetInt64ArgOr(args[3], 1)};
if (!array || !shiftExpr || !dim) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
// Apply type conversions to the shift= and boundary= arguments.
auto convertedShift{Fold(context_,
ConvertToType<SubscriptInteger>(Expr<SomeInteger>{*shiftExpr}))};
const auto *shift{UnwrapConstantValue<SubscriptInteger>(convertedShift)};
if (!shift) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
const Constant<T> *boundary{nullptr};
std::optional<Expr<SomeType>> convertedBoundary;
if (const auto *boundaryExpr{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeType>>(args[2])}) {
convertedBoundary = Fold(context_,
ConvertToType(array->GetType(), Expr<SomeType>{*boundaryExpr}));
boundary = UnwrapExpr<Constant<T>>(convertedBoundary);
if (!boundary) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
}
// Arguments are constant
if (*dim < 1 || *dim > array->Rank()) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Invalid 'dim=' argument (%jd) in EOSHIFT"_err_en_US,
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(*dim));
} else if (shift->Rank() > 0 && shift->Rank() != array->Rank() - 1) {
// message already emitted from intrinsic look-up
} else if (boundary && boundary->Rank() > 0 &&
boundary->Rank() != array->Rank() - 1) {
// ditto
} else {
int rank{array->Rank()};
int zbDim{static_cast<int>(*dim) - 1};
bool ok{true};
if (shift->Rank() > 0) {
int k{0};
for (int j{0}; j < rank; ++j) {
if (j != zbDim) {
if (array->shape()[j] != shift->shape()[k]) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Invalid 'shift=' argument in EOSHIFT: extent on dimension %d is %jd but must be %jd"_err_en_US,
k + 1, static_cast<std::intmax_t>(shift->shape()[k]),
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(array->shape()[j]));
ok = false;
}
++k;
}
}
}
if (boundary && boundary->Rank() > 0) {
int k{0};
for (int j{0}; j < rank; ++j) {
if (j != zbDim) {
if (array->shape()[j] != boundary->shape()[k]) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Invalid 'boundary=' argument in EOSHIFT: extent on dimension %d is %jd but must be %jd"_err_en_US,
k + 1, static_cast<std::intmax_t>(boundary->shape()[k]),
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(array->shape()[j]));
ok = false;
}
++k;
}
}
}
if (ok) {
std::vector<Scalar<T>> resultElements;
ConstantSubscripts arrayLB{array->lbounds()};
ConstantSubscripts arrayAt{arrayLB};
ConstantSubscript &dimIndex{arrayAt[zbDim]};
ConstantSubscript dimLB{dimIndex}; // initial value
ConstantSubscript dimExtent{array->shape()[zbDim]};
ConstantSubscripts shiftLB{shift->lbounds()};
ConstantSubscripts boundaryLB;
if (boundary) {
boundaryLB = boundary->lbounds();
}
for (auto n{GetSize(array->shape())}; n > 0; --n) {
ConstantSubscript origDimIndex{dimIndex};
ConstantSubscripts shiftAt;
if (shift->Rank() > 0) {
int k{0};
for (int j{0}; j < rank; ++j) {
if (j != zbDim) {
shiftAt.emplace_back(shiftLB[k++] + arrayAt[j] - arrayLB[j]);
}
}
}
ConstantSubscript shiftCount{shift->At(shiftAt).ToInt64()};
dimIndex += shiftCount;
if (dimIndex >= dimLB && dimIndex < dimLB + dimExtent) {
resultElements.push_back(array->At(arrayAt));
} else if (boundary) {
ConstantSubscripts boundaryAt;
if (boundary->Rank() > 0) {
for (int j{0}; j < rank; ++j) {
int k{0};
if (j != zbDim) {
boundaryAt.emplace_back(
boundaryLB[k++] + arrayAt[j] - arrayLB[j]);
}
}
}
resultElements.push_back(boundary->At(boundaryAt));
} else if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer ||
T::category == TypeCategory::Real ||
T::category == TypeCategory::Complex ||
T::category == TypeCategory::Logical) {
resultElements.emplace_back();
} else if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
auto len{static_cast<std::size_t>(array->LEN())};
typename Scalar<T>::value_type space{' '};
resultElements.emplace_back(len, space);
} else {
DIE("no derived type boundary");
}
dimIndex = origDimIndex;
array->IncrementSubscripts(arrayAt);
}
return Expr<T>{PackageConstant<T>(
std::move(resultElements), *array, array->shape())};
}
}
// Invalid, prevent re-folding
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::MERGE(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
return FoldElementalIntrinsic<T, T, T, LogicalResult>(context_,
std::move(funcRef),
ScalarFunc<T, T, T, LogicalResult>(
[](const Scalar<T> &ifTrue, const Scalar<T> &ifFalse,
const Scalar<LogicalResult> &predicate) -> Scalar<T> {
return predicate.IsTrue() ? ifTrue : ifFalse;
}));
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::PACK(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
auto args{funcRef.arguments()};
CHECK(args.size() == 3);
const auto *array{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[0])};
const auto *vector{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[2])};
auto convertedMask{Fold(context_,
ConvertToType<LogicalResult>(
Expr<SomeLogical>{DEREF(UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeLogical>>(args[1]))}))};
const auto *mask{UnwrapConstantValue<LogicalResult>(convertedMask)};
if (!array || !mask || (args[2] && !vector)) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
// Arguments are constant.
ConstantSubscript arrayElements{GetSize(array->shape())};
ConstantSubscript truths{0};
ConstantSubscripts maskAt{mask->lbounds()};
if (mask->Rank() == 0) {
if (mask->At(maskAt).IsTrue()) {
truths = arrayElements;
}
} else if (array->shape() != mask->shape()) {
// Error already emitted from intrinsic processing
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
} else {
for (ConstantSubscript j{0}; j < arrayElements;
++j, mask->IncrementSubscripts(maskAt)) {
if (mask->At(maskAt).IsTrue()) {
++truths;
}
}
}
std::vector<Scalar<T>> resultElements;
ConstantSubscripts arrayAt{array->lbounds()};
ConstantSubscript resultSize{truths};
if (vector) {
resultSize = vector->shape().at(0);
if (resultSize < truths) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Invalid 'vector=' argument in PACK: the 'mask=' argument has %jd true elements, but the vector has only %jd elements"_err_en_US,
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(truths),
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(resultSize));
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
}
}
for (ConstantSubscript j{0}; j < truths;) {
if (mask->At(maskAt).IsTrue()) {
resultElements.push_back(array->At(arrayAt));
++j;
}
array->IncrementSubscripts(arrayAt);
mask->IncrementSubscripts(maskAt);
}
if (vector) {
ConstantSubscripts vectorAt{vector->lbounds()};
vectorAt.at(0) += truths;
for (ConstantSubscript j{truths}; j < resultSize; ++j) {
resultElements.push_back(vector->At(vectorAt));
++vectorAt[0];
}
}
return Expr<T>{PackageConstant<T>(std::move(resultElements), *array,
ConstantSubscripts{static_cast<ConstantSubscript>(resultSize)})};
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::RESHAPE(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
auto args{funcRef.arguments()};
CHECK(args.size() == 4);
const auto *source{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[0])};
const auto *pad{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[2])};
std::optional<std::vector<ConstantSubscript>> shape{
GetIntegerVector<ConstantSubscript>(args[1])};
std::optional<std::vector<int>> order{GetIntegerVector<int>(args[3])};
if (!source || !shape || (args[2] && !pad) || (args[3] && !order)) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)}; // Non-constant arguments
} else if (shape.value().size() > common::maxRank) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Size of 'shape=' argument must not be greater than %d"_err_en_US,
common::maxRank);
} else if (HasNegativeExtent(shape.value())) {
context_.messages().Say(
"'shape=' argument must not have a negative extent"_err_en_US);
} else {
std::optional<uint64_t> optResultElement{TotalElementCount(shape.value())};
if (!optResultElement) {
context_.messages().Say(
"'shape=' argument has too many elements"_err_en_US);
} else {
int rank{GetRank(shape.value())};
uint64_t resultElements{*optResultElement};
std::optional<std::vector<int>> dimOrder;
if (order) {
dimOrder = ValidateDimensionOrder(rank, *order);
}
std::vector<int> *dimOrderPtr{dimOrder ? &dimOrder.value() : nullptr};
if (order && !dimOrder) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Invalid 'order=' argument in RESHAPE"_err_en_US);
} else if (resultElements > source->size() && (!pad || pad->empty())) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Too few elements in 'source=' argument and 'pad=' "
"argument is not present or has null size"_err_en_US);
} else {
Constant<T> result{!source->empty() || !pad
? source->Reshape(std::move(shape.value()))
: pad->Reshape(std::move(shape.value()))};
ConstantSubscripts subscripts{result.lbounds()};
auto copied{result.CopyFrom(*source,
std::min(static_cast<uint64_t>(source->size()), resultElements),
subscripts, dimOrderPtr)};
if (copied < resultElements) {
CHECK(pad);
copied += result.CopyFrom(
*pad, resultElements - copied, subscripts, dimOrderPtr);
}
CHECK(copied == resultElements);
return Expr<T>{std::move(result)};
}
}
}
// Invalid, prevent re-folding
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::SPREAD(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
auto args{funcRef.arguments()};
CHECK(args.size() == 3);
const Constant<T> *source{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[0])};
auto dim{ToInt64(args[1])};
auto ncopies{ToInt64(args[2])};
if (!source || !dim) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
int sourceRank{source->Rank()};
if (sourceRank >= common::maxRank) {
context_.messages().Say(
"SOURCE= argument to SPREAD has rank %d but must have rank less than %d"_err_en_US,
sourceRank, common::maxRank);
} else if (*dim < 1 || *dim > sourceRank + 1) {
context_.messages().Say(
"DIM=%d argument to SPREAD must be between 1 and %d"_err_en_US, *dim,
sourceRank + 1);
} else if (!ncopies) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
} else {
if (*ncopies < 0) {
ncopies = 0;
}
// TODO: Consider moving this implementation (after the user error
// checks), along with other transformational intrinsics, into
// constant.h (or a new header) so that the transformationals
// are available for all Constant<>s without needing to be packaged
// as references to intrinsic functions for folding.
ConstantSubscripts shape{source->shape()};
shape.insert(shape.begin() + *dim - 1, *ncopies);
Constant<T> spread{source->Reshape(std::move(shape))};
std::optional<uint64_t> n{TotalElementCount(spread.shape())};
if (!n) {
context_.messages().Say("Too many elements in SPREAD result"_err_en_US);
} else {
std::vector<int> dimOrder;
for (int j{0}; j < sourceRank; ++j) {
dimOrder.push_back(j < *dim - 1 ? j : j + 1);
}
dimOrder.push_back(*dim - 1);
ConstantSubscripts at{spread.lbounds()}; // all 1
spread.CopyFrom(*source, *n, at, &dimOrder);
return Expr<T>{std::move(spread)};
}
}
// Invalid, prevent re-folding
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::TRANSPOSE(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
auto args{funcRef.arguments()};
CHECK(args.size() == 1);
const auto *matrix{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[0])};
if (!matrix) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
// Argument is constant. Traverse its elements in transposed order.
std::vector<Scalar<T>> resultElements;
ConstantSubscripts at(2);
for (ConstantSubscript j{0}; j < matrix->shape()[0]; ++j) {
at[0] = matrix->lbounds()[0] + j;
for (ConstantSubscript k{0}; k < matrix->shape()[1]; ++k) {
at[1] = matrix->lbounds()[1] + k;
resultElements.push_back(matrix->At(at));
}
}
at = matrix->shape();
std::swap(at[0], at[1]);
return Expr<T>{PackageConstant<T>(std::move(resultElements), *matrix, at)};
}
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::UNPACK(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
auto args{funcRef.arguments()};
CHECK(args.size() == 3);
const auto *vector{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[0])};
auto convertedMask{Fold(context_,
ConvertToType<LogicalResult>(
Expr<SomeLogical>{DEREF(UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeLogical>>(args[1]))}))};
const auto *mask{UnwrapConstantValue<LogicalResult>(convertedMask)};
const auto *field{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(args[2])};
if (!vector || !mask || !field) {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
// Arguments are constant.
if (field->Rank() > 0 && field->shape() != mask->shape()) {
// Error already emitted from intrinsic processing
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
}
ConstantSubscript maskElements{GetSize(mask->shape())};
ConstantSubscript truths{0};
ConstantSubscripts maskAt{mask->lbounds()};
for (ConstantSubscript j{0}; j < maskElements;
++j, mask->IncrementSubscripts(maskAt)) {
if (mask->At(maskAt).IsTrue()) {
++truths;
}
}
if (truths > GetSize(vector->shape())) {
context_.messages().Say(
"Invalid 'vector=' argument in UNPACK: the 'mask=' argument has %jd true elements, but the vector has only %jd elements"_err_en_US,
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(truths),
static_cast<std::intmax_t>(GetSize(vector->shape())));
return MakeInvalidIntrinsic(std::move(funcRef));
}
std::vector<Scalar<T>> resultElements;
ConstantSubscripts vectorAt{vector->lbounds()};
ConstantSubscripts fieldAt{field->lbounds()};
for (ConstantSubscript j{0}; j < maskElements; ++j) {
if (mask->At(maskAt).IsTrue()) {
resultElements.push_back(vector->At(vectorAt));
vector->IncrementSubscripts(vectorAt);
} else {
resultElements.push_back(field->At(fieldAt));
}
mask->IncrementSubscripts(maskAt);
field->IncrementSubscripts(fieldAt);
}
return Expr<T>{
PackageConstant<T>(std::move(resultElements), *vector, mask->shape())};
}
std::optional<Expr<SomeType>> FoldTransfer(
FoldingContext &, const ActualArguments &);
template <typename T> Expr<T> Folder<T>::TRANSFER(FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
if (auto folded{FoldTransfer(context_, funcRef.arguments())}) {
return DEREF(UnwrapExpr<Expr<T>>(*folded));
} else {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldMINorMAX(
FoldingContext &context, FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef, Ordering order) {
static_assert(T::category == TypeCategory::Integer ||
T::category == TypeCategory::Real ||
T::category == TypeCategory::Character);
std::vector<Constant<T> *> constantArgs;
// Call Folding on all arguments, even if some are not constant,
// to make operand promotion explicit.
for (auto &arg : funcRef.arguments()) {
if (auto *cst{Folder<T>{context}.Folding(arg)}) {
constantArgs.push_back(cst);
}
}
if (constantArgs.size() != funcRef.arguments().size()) {
return Expr<T>(std::move(funcRef));
}
CHECK(!constantArgs.empty());
Expr<T> result{std::move(*constantArgs[0])};
for (std::size_t i{1}; i < constantArgs.size(); ++i) {
Extremum<T> extremum{order, result, Expr<T>{std::move(*constantArgs[i])}};
result = FoldOperation(context, std::move(extremum));
}
return result;
}
// For AMAX0, AMIN0, AMAX1, AMIN1, DMAX1, DMIN1, MAX0, MIN0, MAX1, and MIN1
// a special care has to be taken to insert the conversion on the result
// of the MIN/MAX. This is made slightly more complex by the extension
// supported by f18 that arguments may have different kinds. This implies
// that the created MIN/MAX result type cannot be deduced from the standard but
// has to be deduced from the arguments.
// e.g. AMAX0(int8, int4) is rewritten to REAL(MAX(int8, INT(int4, 8)))).
template <typename T>
Expr<T> RewriteSpecificMINorMAX(
FoldingContext &context, FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
ActualArguments &args{funcRef.arguments()};
auto &intrinsic{DEREF(std::get_if<SpecificIntrinsic>(&funcRef.proc().u))};
// Rewrite MAX1(args) to INT(MAX(args)) and fold. Same logic for MIN1.
// Find result type for max/min based on the arguments.
std::optional<DynamicType> resultType;
ActualArgument *resultTypeArg{nullptr};
for (auto j{args.size()}; j-- > 0;) {
if (args[j]) {
DynamicType type{args[j]->GetType().value()};
// Handle mixed real/integer arguments: all the previous arguments were
// integers and this one is real. The type of the MAX/MIN result will
// be the one of the real argument.
if (!resultType ||
(type.category() == resultType->category() &&
type.kind() > resultType->kind()) ||
resultType->category() == TypeCategory::Integer) {
resultType = type;
resultTypeArg = &*args[j];
}
}
}
if (!resultType) { // error recovery
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
intrinsic.name =
intrinsic.name.find("max") != std::string::npos ? "max"s : "min"s;
intrinsic.characteristics.value().functionResult.value().SetType(*resultType);
auto insertConversion{[&](const auto &x) -> Expr<T> {
using TR = ResultType<decltype(x)>;
FunctionRef<TR> maxRef{
ProcedureDesignator{funcRef.proc()}, ActualArguments{args}};
return Fold(context, ConvertToType<T>(AsCategoryExpr(std::move(maxRef))));
}};
if (auto *sx{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeReal>>(*resultTypeArg)}) {
return common::visit(insertConversion, sx->u);
} else if (auto *sx{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeInteger>>(*resultTypeArg)}) {
return common::visit(insertConversion, sx->u);
} else {
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)}; // error recovery
}
}
// FoldIntrinsicFunction()
template <int KIND>
Expr<Type<TypeCategory::Integer, KIND>> FoldIntrinsicFunction(
FoldingContext &context, FunctionRef<Type<TypeCategory::Integer, KIND>> &&);
template <int KIND>
Expr<Type<TypeCategory::Real, KIND>> FoldIntrinsicFunction(
FoldingContext &context, FunctionRef<Type<TypeCategory::Real, KIND>> &&);
template <int KIND>
Expr<Type<TypeCategory::Complex, KIND>> FoldIntrinsicFunction(
FoldingContext &context, FunctionRef<Type<TypeCategory::Complex, KIND>> &&);
template <int KIND>
Expr<Type<TypeCategory::Logical, KIND>> FoldIntrinsicFunction(
FoldingContext &context, FunctionRef<Type<TypeCategory::Logical, KIND>> &&);
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, FunctionRef<T> &&funcRef) {
ActualArguments &args{funcRef.arguments()};
const auto *intrinsic{std::get_if<SpecificIntrinsic>(&funcRef.proc().u)};
if (!intrinsic || intrinsic->name != "kind") {
// Don't fold the argument to KIND(); it might be a TypeParamInquiry
// with a forced result type that doesn't match the parameter.
for (std::optional<ActualArgument> &arg : args) {
if (auto *expr{UnwrapExpr<Expr<SomeType>>(arg)}) {
*expr = Fold(context, std::move(*expr));
}
}
}
if (intrinsic) {
const std::string name{intrinsic->name};
if (name == "cshift") {
return Folder<T>{context}.CSHIFT(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "eoshift") {
return Folder<T>{context}.EOSHIFT(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "merge") {
return Folder<T>{context}.MERGE(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "pack") {
return Folder<T>{context}.PACK(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "reshape") {
return Folder<T>{context}.RESHAPE(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "spread") {
return Folder<T>{context}.SPREAD(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "transfer") {
return Folder<T>{context}.TRANSFER(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "transpose") {
return Folder<T>{context}.TRANSPOSE(std::move(funcRef));
} else if (name == "unpack") {
return Folder<T>{context}.UNPACK(std::move(funcRef));
}
// TODO: extends_type_of, same_type_as
if constexpr (!std::is_same_v<T, SomeDerived>) {
return FoldIntrinsicFunction(context, std::move(funcRef));
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(funcRef)};
}
Expr<ImpliedDoIndex::Result> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &, ImpliedDoIndex &&);
// Array constructor folding
template <typename T> class ArrayConstructorFolder {
public:
explicit ArrayConstructorFolder(FoldingContext &c) : context_{c} {}
Expr<T> FoldArray(ArrayConstructor<T> &&array) {
// Calls FoldArray(const ArrayConstructorValues<T> &) below
if (FoldArray(array)) {
auto n{static_cast<ConstantSubscript>(elements_.size())};
if constexpr (std::is_same_v<T, SomeDerived>) {
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{array.GetType().GetDerivedTypeSpec(),
std::move(elements_), ConstantSubscripts{n}}};
} else if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
if (const auto *len{array.LEN()}) {
auto length{Fold(context_, common::Clone(*len))};
if (std::optional<ConstantSubscript> lengthValue{ToInt64(length)}) {
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{
*lengthValue, std::move(elements_), ConstantSubscripts{n}}};
}
}
} else {
return Expr<T>{
Constant<T>{std::move(elements_), ConstantSubscripts{n}}};
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(array)};
}
private:
bool FoldArray(const Expr<T> &expr) {
Expr<T> folded{Fold(context_, common::Clone(expr))};
if (const auto *c{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(folded)}) {
// Copy elements in Fortran array element order
if (!c->empty()) {
ConstantSubscripts index{c->lbounds()};
do {
elements_.emplace_back(c->At(index));
} while (c->IncrementSubscripts(index));
}
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}
bool FoldArray(const common::CopyableIndirection<Expr<T>> &expr) {
return FoldArray(expr.value());
}
bool FoldArray(const ImpliedDo<T> &iDo) {
Expr<SubscriptInteger> lower{
Fold(context_, Expr<SubscriptInteger>{iDo.lower()})};
Expr<SubscriptInteger> upper{
Fold(context_, Expr<SubscriptInteger>{iDo.upper()})};
Expr<SubscriptInteger> stride{
Fold(context_, Expr<SubscriptInteger>{iDo.stride()})};
std::optional<ConstantSubscript> start{ToInt64(lower)}, end{ToInt64(upper)},
step{ToInt64(stride)};
if (start && end && step && *step != 0) {
bool result{true};
ConstantSubscript &j{context_.StartImpliedDo(iDo.name(), *start)};
if (*step > 0) {
for (; j <= *end; j += *step) {
result &= FoldArray(iDo.values());
}
} else {
for (; j >= *end; j += *step) {
result &= FoldArray(iDo.values());
}
}
context_.EndImpliedDo(iDo.name());
return result;
} else {
return false;
}
}
bool FoldArray(const ArrayConstructorValue<T> &x) {
return common::visit([&](const auto &y) { return FoldArray(y); }, x.u);
}
bool FoldArray(const ArrayConstructorValues<T> &xs) {
for (const auto &x : xs) {
if (!FoldArray(x)) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
FoldingContext &context_;
std::vector<Scalar<T>> elements_;
};
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, ArrayConstructor<T> &&array) {
return ArrayConstructorFolder<T>{context}.FoldArray(std::move(array));
}
// Array operation elemental application: When all operands to an operation
// are constant arrays, array constructors without any implied DO loops,
// &/or expanded scalars, pull the operation "into" the array result by
// applying it in an elementwise fashion. For example, [A,1]+[B,2]
// is rewritten into [A+B,1+2] and then partially folded to [A+B,3].
// If possible, restructures an array expression into an array constructor
// that comprises a "flat" ArrayConstructorValues with no implied DO loops.
template <typename T>
bool ArrayConstructorIsFlat(const ArrayConstructorValues<T> &values) {
for (const ArrayConstructorValue<T> &x : values) {
if (!std::holds_alternative<Expr<T>>(x.u)) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
template <typename T>
std::optional<Expr<T>> AsFlatArrayConstructor(const Expr<T> &expr) {
if (const auto *c{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(expr)}) {
ArrayConstructor<T> result{expr};
if (!c->empty()) {
ConstantSubscripts at{c->lbounds()};
do {
result.Push(Expr<T>{Constant<T>{c->At(at)}});
} while (c->IncrementSubscripts(at));
}
return std::make_optional<Expr<T>>(std::move(result));
} else if (const auto *a{UnwrapExpr<ArrayConstructor<T>>(expr)}) {
if (ArrayConstructorIsFlat(*a)) {
return std::make_optional<Expr<T>>(expr);
}
} else if (const auto *p{UnwrapExpr<Parentheses<T>>(expr)}) {
return AsFlatArrayConstructor(Expr<T>{p->left()});
}
return std::nullopt;
}
template <TypeCategory CAT>
std::enable_if_t<CAT != TypeCategory::Derived,
std::optional<Expr<SomeKind<CAT>>>>
AsFlatArrayConstructor(const Expr<SomeKind<CAT>> &expr) {
return common::visit(
[&](const auto &kindExpr) -> std::optional<Expr<SomeKind<CAT>>> {
if (auto flattened{AsFlatArrayConstructor(kindExpr)}) {
return Expr<SomeKind<CAT>>{std::move(*flattened)};
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
},
expr.u);
}
// FromArrayConstructor is a subroutine for MapOperation() below.
// Given a flat ArrayConstructor<T> and a shape, it wraps the array
// into an Expr<T>, folds it, and returns the resulting wrapped
// array constructor or constant array value.
template <typename T>
std::optional<Expr<T>> FromArrayConstructor(
FoldingContext &context, ArrayConstructor<T> &&values, const Shape &shape) {
if (auto constShape{AsConstantExtents(context, shape)}) {
Expr<T> result{Fold(context, Expr<T>{std::move(values)})};
if (auto *constant{UnwrapConstantValue<T>(result)}) {
// Elements and shape are both constant.
return Expr<T>{constant->Reshape(std::move(*constShape))};
}
if (constShape->size() == 1) {
if (auto elements{GetShape(context, result)}) {
if (auto constElements{AsConstantExtents(context, *elements)}) {
if (constElements->size() == 1 &&
constElements->at(0) == constShape->at(0)) {
// Elements are not constant, but array constructor has
// the right known shape and can be simply returned as is.
return std::move(result);
}
}
}
}
}
return std::nullopt;
}
// MapOperation is a utility for various specializations of ApplyElementwise()
// that follow. Given one or two flat ArrayConstructor<OPERAND> (wrapped in an
// Expr<OPERAND>) for some specific operand type(s), apply a given function f
// to each of their corresponding elements to produce a flat
// ArrayConstructor<RESULT> (wrapped in an Expr<RESULT>).
// Preserves shape.
// Unary case
template <typename RESULT, typename OPERAND>
std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> MapOperation(FoldingContext &context,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<OPERAND> &&)> &&f, const Shape &shape,
[[maybe_unused]] std::optional<Expr<SubscriptInteger>> &&length,
Expr<OPERAND> &&values) {
ArrayConstructor<RESULT> result{values};
if constexpr (common::HasMember<OPERAND, AllIntrinsicCategoryTypes>) {
common::visit(
[&](auto &&kindExpr) {
using kindType = ResultType<decltype(kindExpr)>;
auto &aConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<kindType>>(kindExpr.u)};
for (auto &acValue : aConst) {
auto &scalar{std::get<Expr<kindType>>(acValue.u)};
result.Push(Fold(context, f(Expr<OPERAND>{std::move(scalar)})));
}
},
std::move(values.u));
} else {
auto &aConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<OPERAND>>(values.u)};
for (auto &acValue : aConst) {
auto &scalar{std::get<Expr<OPERAND>>(acValue.u)};
result.Push(Fold(context, f(std::move(scalar))));
}
}
if constexpr (RESULT::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
if (length) {
result.set_LEN(std::move(*length));
}
}
return FromArrayConstructor(context, std::move(result), shape);
}
template <typename RESULT, typename A>
ArrayConstructor<RESULT> ArrayConstructorFromMold(
const A &prototype, std::optional<Expr<SubscriptInteger>> &&length) {
ArrayConstructor<RESULT> result{prototype};
if constexpr (RESULT::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
if (length) {
result.set_LEN(std::move(*length));
}
}
return result;
}
template <typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
bool ShapesMatch(FoldingContext &context,
const ArrayConstructor<LEFT> &leftArrConst,
const ArrayConstructor<RIGHT> &rightArrConst) {
auto rightIter{rightArrConst.begin()};
for (auto &leftValue : leftArrConst) {
CHECK(rightIter != rightArrConst.end());
auto &leftExpr{std::get<Expr<LEFT>>(leftValue.u)};
auto &rightExpr{std::get<Expr<RIGHT>>(rightIter->u)};
if (leftExpr.Rank() != rightExpr.Rank()) {
return false;
}
std::optional<Shape> leftShape{GetShape(context, leftExpr)};
std::optional<Shape> rightShape{GetShape(context, rightExpr)};
if (!leftShape || !rightShape || *leftShape != *rightShape) {
return false;
}
++rightIter;
}
return true;
}
// array * array case
template <typename RESULT, typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
auto MapOperation(FoldingContext &context,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<LEFT> &&, Expr<RIGHT> &&)> &&f,
const Shape &shape, std::optional<Expr<SubscriptInteger>> &&length,
Expr<LEFT> &&leftValues, Expr<RIGHT> &&rightValues)
-> std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> {
auto result{ArrayConstructorFromMold<RESULT>(leftValues, std::move(length))};
auto &leftArrConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<LEFT>>(leftValues.u)};
if constexpr (common::HasMember<RIGHT, AllIntrinsicCategoryTypes>) {
bool mapped{common::visit(
[&](auto &&kindExpr) -> bool {
using kindType = ResultType<decltype(kindExpr)>;
auto &rightArrConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<kindType>>(kindExpr.u)};
if (!ShapesMatch(context, leftArrConst, rightArrConst)) {
return false;
}
auto rightIter{rightArrConst.begin()};
for (auto &leftValue : leftArrConst) {
CHECK(rightIter != rightArrConst.end());
auto &leftScalar{std::get<Expr<LEFT>>(leftValue.u)};
auto &rightScalar{std::get<Expr<kindType>>(rightIter->u)};
result.Push(Fold(context,
f(std::move(leftScalar), Expr<RIGHT>{std::move(rightScalar)})));
++rightIter;
}
return true;
},
std::move(rightValues.u))};
if (!mapped) {
return std::nullopt;
}
} else {
auto &rightArrConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<RIGHT>>(rightValues.u)};
if (!ShapesMatch(context, leftArrConst, rightArrConst)) {
return std::nullopt;
}
auto rightIter{rightArrConst.begin()};
for (auto &leftValue : leftArrConst) {
CHECK(rightIter != rightArrConst.end());
auto &leftScalar{std::get<Expr<LEFT>>(leftValue.u)};
auto &rightScalar{std::get<Expr<RIGHT>>(rightIter->u)};
result.Push(
Fold(context, f(std::move(leftScalar), std::move(rightScalar))));
++rightIter;
}
}
return FromArrayConstructor(context, std::move(result), shape);
}
// array * scalar case
template <typename RESULT, typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
auto MapOperation(FoldingContext &context,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<LEFT> &&, Expr<RIGHT> &&)> &&f,
const Shape &shape, std::optional<Expr<SubscriptInteger>> &&length,
Expr<LEFT> &&leftValues, const Expr<RIGHT> &rightScalar)
-> std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> {
auto result{ArrayConstructorFromMold<RESULT>(leftValues, std::move(length))};
auto &leftArrConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<LEFT>>(leftValues.u)};
for (auto &leftValue : leftArrConst) {
auto &leftScalar{std::get<Expr<LEFT>>(leftValue.u)};
result.Push(
Fold(context, f(std::move(leftScalar), Expr<RIGHT>{rightScalar})));
}
return FromArrayConstructor(context, std::move(result), shape);
}
// scalar * array case
template <typename RESULT, typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
auto MapOperation(FoldingContext &context,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<LEFT> &&, Expr<RIGHT> &&)> &&f,
const Shape &shape, std::optional<Expr<SubscriptInteger>> &&length,
const Expr<LEFT> &leftScalar, Expr<RIGHT> &&rightValues)
-> std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> {
auto result{ArrayConstructorFromMold<RESULT>(leftScalar, std::move(length))};
if constexpr (common::HasMember<RIGHT, AllIntrinsicCategoryTypes>) {
common::visit(
[&](auto &&kindExpr) {
using kindType = ResultType<decltype(kindExpr)>;
auto &rightArrConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<kindType>>(kindExpr.u)};
for (auto &rightValue : rightArrConst) {
auto &rightScalar{std::get<Expr<kindType>>(rightValue.u)};
result.Push(Fold(context,
f(Expr<LEFT>{leftScalar},
Expr<RIGHT>{std::move(rightScalar)})));
}
},
std::move(rightValues.u));
} else {
auto &rightArrConst{std::get<ArrayConstructor<RIGHT>>(rightValues.u)};
for (auto &rightValue : rightArrConst) {
auto &rightScalar{std::get<Expr<RIGHT>>(rightValue.u)};
result.Push(
Fold(context, f(Expr<LEFT>{leftScalar}, std::move(rightScalar))));
}
}
return FromArrayConstructor(context, std::move(result), shape);
}
template <typename DERIVED, typename RESULT, typename... OPD>
std::optional<Expr<SubscriptInteger>> ComputeResultLength(
Operation<DERIVED, RESULT, OPD...> &operation) {
if constexpr (RESULT::category == TypeCategory::Character) {
return Expr<RESULT>{operation.derived()}.LEN();
}
return std::nullopt;
}
// ApplyElementwise() recursively folds the operand expression(s) of an
// operation, then attempts to apply the operation to the (corresponding)
// scalar element(s) of those operands. Returns std::nullopt for scalars
// or unlinearizable operands.
template <typename DERIVED, typename RESULT, typename OPERAND>
auto ApplyElementwise(FoldingContext &context,
Operation<DERIVED, RESULT, OPERAND> &operation,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<OPERAND> &&)> &&f)
-> std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> {
auto &expr{operation.left()};
expr = Fold(context, std::move(expr));
if (expr.Rank() > 0) {
if (std::optional<Shape> shape{GetShape(context, expr)}) {
if (auto values{AsFlatArrayConstructor(expr)}) {
return MapOperation(context, std::move(f), *shape,
ComputeResultLength(operation), std::move(*values));
}
}
}
return std::nullopt;
}
template <typename DERIVED, typename RESULT, typename OPERAND>
auto ApplyElementwise(
FoldingContext &context, Operation<DERIVED, RESULT, OPERAND> &operation)
-> std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> {
return ApplyElementwise(context, operation,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<OPERAND> &&)>{
[](Expr<OPERAND> &&operand) {
return Expr<RESULT>{DERIVED{std::move(operand)}};
}});
}
template <typename DERIVED, typename RESULT, typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
auto ApplyElementwise(FoldingContext &context,
Operation<DERIVED, RESULT, LEFT, RIGHT> &operation,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<LEFT> &&, Expr<RIGHT> &&)> &&f)
-> std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> {
auto resultLength{ComputeResultLength(operation)};
auto &leftExpr{operation.left()};
leftExpr = Fold(context, std::move(leftExpr));
auto &rightExpr{operation.right()};
rightExpr = Fold(context, std::move(rightExpr));
if (leftExpr.Rank() > 0) {
if (std::optional<Shape> leftShape{GetShape(context, leftExpr)}) {
if (auto left{AsFlatArrayConstructor(leftExpr)}) {
if (rightExpr.Rank() > 0) {
if (std::optional<Shape> rightShape{GetShape(context, rightExpr)}) {
if (auto right{AsFlatArrayConstructor(rightExpr)}) {
if (CheckConformance(context.messages(), *leftShape, *rightShape,
CheckConformanceFlags::EitherScalarExpandable)
.value_or(false /*fail if not known now to conform*/)) {
return MapOperation(context, std::move(f), *leftShape,
std::move(resultLength), std::move(*left),
std::move(*right));
} else {
return std::nullopt;
}
return MapOperation(context, std::move(f), *leftShape,
std::move(resultLength), std::move(*left), std::move(*right));
}
}
} else if (IsExpandableScalar(rightExpr, context, *leftShape)) {
return MapOperation(context, std::move(f), *leftShape,
std::move(resultLength), std::move(*left), rightExpr);
}
}
}
} else if (rightExpr.Rank() > 0) {
if (std::optional<Shape> rightShape{GetShape(context, rightExpr)}) {
if (IsExpandableScalar(leftExpr, context, *rightShape)) {
if (auto right{AsFlatArrayConstructor(rightExpr)}) {
return MapOperation(context, std::move(f), *rightShape,
std::move(resultLength), leftExpr, std::move(*right));
}
}
}
}
return std::nullopt;
}
template <typename DERIVED, typename RESULT, typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
auto ApplyElementwise(
FoldingContext &context, Operation<DERIVED, RESULT, LEFT, RIGHT> &operation)
-> std::optional<Expr<RESULT>> {
return ApplyElementwise(context, operation,
std::function<Expr<RESULT>(Expr<LEFT> &&, Expr<RIGHT> &&)>{
[](Expr<LEFT> &&left, Expr<RIGHT> &&right) {
return Expr<RESULT>{DERIVED{std::move(left), std::move(right)}};
}});
}
// Unary operations
template <typename TO, typename FROM>
common::IfNoLvalue<std::optional<TO>, FROM> ConvertString(FROM &&s) {
if constexpr (std::is_same_v<TO, FROM>) {
return std::make_optional<TO>(std::move(s));
} else {
// Fortran character conversion is well defined between distinct kinds
// only when the actual characters are valid 7-bit ASCII.
TO str;
for (auto iter{s.cbegin()}; iter != s.cend(); ++iter) {
if (static_cast<std::uint64_t>(*iter) > 127) {
return std::nullopt;
}
str.push_back(*iter);
}
return std::make_optional<TO>(std::move(str));
}
}
template <typename TO, TypeCategory FROMCAT>
Expr<TO> FoldOperation(
FoldingContext &context, Convert<TO, FROMCAT> &&convert) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, convert)}) {
return *array;
}
struct {
FoldingContext &context;
Convert<TO, FROMCAT> &convert;
} msvcWorkaround{context, convert};
return common::visit(
[&msvcWorkaround](auto &kindExpr) -> Expr<TO> {
using Operand = ResultType<decltype(kindExpr)>;
// This variable is a workaround for msvc which emits an error when
// using the FROMCAT template parameter below.
TypeCategory constexpr FromCat{FROMCAT};
static_assert(FromCat == Operand::category);
auto &convert{msvcWorkaround.convert};
if (auto value{GetScalarConstantValue<Operand>(kindExpr)}) {
FoldingContext &ctx{msvcWorkaround.context};
if constexpr (TO::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
if constexpr (FromCat == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto converted{Scalar<TO>::ConvertSigned(*value)};
if (converted.overflow) {
ctx.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) to INTEGER(%d) conversion overflowed"_warn_en_US,
Operand::kind, TO::kind);
}
return ScalarConstantToExpr(std::move(converted.value));
} else if constexpr (FromCat == TypeCategory::Real) {
auto converted{value->template ToInteger<Scalar<TO>>()};
if (converted.flags.test(RealFlag::InvalidArgument)) {
ctx.messages().Say(
"REAL(%d) to INTEGER(%d) conversion: invalid argument"_warn_en_US,
Operand::kind, TO::kind);
} else if (converted.flags.test(RealFlag::Overflow)) {
ctx.messages().Say(
"REAL(%d) to INTEGER(%d) conversion overflowed"_warn_en_US,
Operand::kind, TO::kind);
}
return ScalarConstantToExpr(std::move(converted.value));
}
} else if constexpr (TO::category == TypeCategory::Real) {
if constexpr (FromCat == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto converted{Scalar<TO>::FromInteger(*value)};
if (!converted.flags.empty()) {
char buffer[64];
std::snprintf(buffer, sizeof buffer,
"INTEGER(%d) to REAL(%d) conversion", Operand::kind,
TO::kind);
RealFlagWarnings(ctx, converted.flags, buffer);
}
return ScalarConstantToExpr(std::move(converted.value));
} else if constexpr (FromCat == TypeCategory::Real) {
auto converted{Scalar<TO>::Convert(*value)};
char buffer[64];
if (!converted.flags.empty()) {
std::snprintf(buffer, sizeof buffer,
"REAL(%d) to REAL(%d) conversion", Operand::kind, TO::kind);
RealFlagWarnings(ctx, converted.flags, buffer);
}
if (ctx.targetCharacteristics().areSubnormalsFlushedToZero()) {
converted.value = converted.value.FlushSubnormalToZero();
}
return ScalarConstantToExpr(std::move(converted.value));
}
} else if constexpr (TO::category == TypeCategory::Complex) {
if constexpr (FromCat == TypeCategory::Complex) {
return FoldOperation(ctx,
ComplexConstructor<TO::kind>{
AsExpr(Convert<typename TO::Part>{AsCategoryExpr(
Constant<typename Operand::Part>{value->REAL()})}),
AsExpr(Convert<typename TO::Part>{AsCategoryExpr(
Constant<typename Operand::Part>{value->AIMAG()})})});
}
} else if constexpr (TO::category == TypeCategory::Character &&
FromCat == TypeCategory::Character) {
if (auto converted{ConvertString<Scalar<TO>>(std::move(*value))}) {
return ScalarConstantToExpr(std::move(*converted));
}
} else if constexpr (TO::category == TypeCategory::Logical &&
FromCat == TypeCategory::Logical) {
return Expr<TO>{value->IsTrue()};
}
} else if constexpr (TO::category == FromCat &&
FromCat != TypeCategory::Character) {
// Conversion of non-constant in same type category
if constexpr (std::is_same_v<Operand, TO>) {
return std::move(kindExpr); // remove needless conversion
} else if constexpr (TO::category == TypeCategory::Logical ||
TO::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
if (auto *innerConv{
std::get_if<Convert<Operand, TO::category>>(&kindExpr.u)}) {
// Conversion of conversion of same category & kind
if (auto *x{std::get_if<Expr<TO>>(&innerConv->left().u)}) {
if constexpr (TO::category == TypeCategory::Logical ||
TO::kind <= Operand::kind) {
return std::move(*x); // no-op Logical or Integer
// widening/narrowing conversion pair
} else if constexpr (std::is_same_v<TO,
DescriptorInquiry::Result>) {
if (std::holds_alternative<DescriptorInquiry>(x->u) ||
std::holds_alternative<TypeParamInquiry>(x->u)) {
// int(int(size(...),kind=k),kind=8) -> size(...)
return std::move(*x);
}
}
}
}
}
}
return Expr<TO>{std::move(convert)};
},
convert.left().u);
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Parentheses<T> &&x) {
auto &operand{x.left()};
operand = Fold(context, std::move(operand));
if (auto value{GetScalarConstantValue<T>(operand)}) {
// Preserve parentheses, even around constants.
return Expr<T>{Parentheses<T>{Expr<T>{Constant<T>{*value}}}};
} else if (std::holds_alternative<Parentheses<T>>(operand.u)) {
// ((x)) -> (x)
return std::move(operand);
} else {
return Expr<T>{Parentheses<T>{std::move(operand)}};
}
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Negate<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x)}) {
return *array;
}
auto &operand{x.left()};
if (auto *nn{std::get_if<Negate<T>>(&x.left().u)}) {
// -(-x) -> (x)
if (IsVariable(nn->left())) {
return FoldOperation(context, Parentheses<T>{std::move(nn->left())});
} else {
return std::move(nn->left());
}
} else if (auto value{GetScalarConstantValue<T>(operand)}) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto negated{value->Negate()};
if (negated.overflow) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) negation overflowed"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{std::move(negated.value)}};
} else {
// REAL & COMPLEX negation: no exceptions possible
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{value->Negate()}};
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
// Binary (dyadic) operations
template <typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
std::optional<std::pair<Scalar<LEFT>, Scalar<RIGHT>>> OperandsAreConstants(
const Expr<LEFT> &x, const Expr<RIGHT> &y) {
if (auto xvalue{GetScalarConstantValue<LEFT>(x)}) {
if (auto yvalue{GetScalarConstantValue<RIGHT>(y)}) {
return {std::make_pair(*xvalue, *yvalue)};
}
}
return std::nullopt;
}
template <typename DERIVED, typename RESULT, typename LEFT, typename RIGHT>
std::optional<std::pair<Scalar<LEFT>, Scalar<RIGHT>>> OperandsAreConstants(
const Operation<DERIVED, RESULT, LEFT, RIGHT> &operation) {
return OperandsAreConstants(operation.left(), operation.right());
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Add<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x)}) {
return *array;
}
if (auto folded{OperandsAreConstants(x)}) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto sum{folded->first.AddSigned(folded->second)};
if (sum.overflow) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) addition overflowed"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{sum.value}};
} else {
auto sum{folded->first.Add(
folded->second, context.targetCharacteristics().roundingMode())};
RealFlagWarnings(context, sum.flags, "addition");
if (context.targetCharacteristics().areSubnormalsFlushedToZero()) {
sum.value = sum.value.FlushSubnormalToZero();
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{sum.value}};
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Subtract<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x)}) {
return *array;
}
if (auto folded{OperandsAreConstants(x)}) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto difference{folded->first.SubtractSigned(folded->second)};
if (difference.overflow) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) subtraction overflowed"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{difference.value}};
} else {
auto difference{folded->first.Subtract(
folded->second, context.targetCharacteristics().roundingMode())};
RealFlagWarnings(context, difference.flags, "subtraction");
if (context.targetCharacteristics().areSubnormalsFlushedToZero()) {
difference.value = difference.value.FlushSubnormalToZero();
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{difference.value}};
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Multiply<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x)}) {
return *array;
}
if (auto folded{OperandsAreConstants(x)}) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto product{folded->first.MultiplySigned(folded->second)};
if (product.SignedMultiplicationOverflowed()) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) multiplication overflowed"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{product.lower}};
} else {
auto product{folded->first.Multiply(
folded->second, context.targetCharacteristics().roundingMode())};
RealFlagWarnings(context, product.flags, "multiplication");
if (context.targetCharacteristics().areSubnormalsFlushedToZero()) {
product.value = product.value.FlushSubnormalToZero();
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{product.value}};
}
} else if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
if (auto c{GetScalarConstantValue<T>(x.right())}) {
x.right() = std::move(x.left());
x.left() = Expr<T>{std::move(*c)};
}
if (auto c{GetScalarConstantValue<T>(x.left())}) {
if (c->IsZero() && x.right().Rank() == 0) {
return std::move(x.left());
} else if (c->CompareSigned(Scalar<T>{1}) == Ordering::Equal) {
if (IsVariable(x.right())) {
return FoldOperation(context, Parentheses<T>{std::move(x.right())});
} else {
return std::move(x.right());
}
} else if (c->CompareSigned(Scalar<T>{-1}) == Ordering::Equal) {
return FoldOperation(context, Negate<T>{std::move(x.right())});
}
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Divide<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x)}) {
return *array;
}
if (auto folded{OperandsAreConstants(x)}) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto quotAndRem{folded->first.DivideSigned(folded->second)};
if (quotAndRem.divisionByZero) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) division by zero"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
if (quotAndRem.overflow) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) division overflowed"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{quotAndRem.quotient}};
} else {
auto quotient{folded->first.Divide(
folded->second, context.targetCharacteristics().roundingMode())};
// Don't warn about -1./0., 0./0., or 1./0. from a module file
// they are interpreted as canonical Fortran representations of -Inf,
// NaN, and Inf respectively.
bool isCanonicalNaNOrInf{false};
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Real) {
if (folded->second.IsZero() && context.inModuleFile()) {
using IntType = typename T::Scalar::Word;
auto intNumerator{folded->first.template ToInteger<IntType>()};
isCanonicalNaNOrInf = intNumerator.flags == RealFlags{} &&
intNumerator.value >= IntType{-1} &&
intNumerator.value <= IntType{1};
}
}
if (!isCanonicalNaNOrInf) {
RealFlagWarnings(context, quotient.flags, "division");
}
if (context.targetCharacteristics().areSubnormalsFlushedToZero()) {
quotient.value = quotient.value.FlushSubnormalToZero();
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{quotient.value}};
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Power<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x)}) {
return *array;
}
if (auto folded{OperandsAreConstants(x)}) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
auto power{folded->first.Power(folded->second)};
if (power.divisionByZero) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) zero to negative power"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
} else if (power.overflow) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) power overflowed"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
} else if (power.zeroToZero) {
context.messages().Say(
"INTEGER(%d) 0**0 is not defined"_warn_en_US, T::kind);
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{power.power}};
} else {
if (auto callable{GetHostRuntimeWrapper<T, T, T>("pow")}) {
return Expr<T>{
Constant<T>{(*callable)(context, folded->first, folded->second)}};
} else {
context.messages().Say(
"Power for %s cannot be folded on host"_warn_en_US,
T{}.AsFortran());
}
}
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, RealToIntPower<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x)}) {
return *array;
}
return common::visit(
[&](auto &y) -> Expr<T> {
if (auto folded{OperandsAreConstants(x.left(), y)}) {
auto power{evaluate::IntPower(folded->first, folded->second)};
RealFlagWarnings(context, power.flags, "power with INTEGER exponent");
if (context.targetCharacteristics().areSubnormalsFlushedToZero()) {
power.value = power.value.FlushSubnormalToZero();
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{power.value}};
} else {
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
},
x.right().u);
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> FoldOperation(FoldingContext &context, Extremum<T> &&x) {
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x,
std::function<Expr<T>(Expr<T> &&, Expr<T> &&)>{[=](Expr<T> &&l,
Expr<T> &&r) {
return Expr<T>{Extremum<T>{x.ordering, std::move(l), std::move(r)}};
}})}) {
return *array;
}
if (auto folded{OperandsAreConstants(x)}) {
if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Integer) {
if (folded->first.CompareSigned(folded->second) == x.ordering) {
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{folded->first}};
}
} else if constexpr (T::category == TypeCategory::Real) {
if (folded->first.IsNotANumber() ||
(folded->first.Compare(folded->second) == Relation::Less) ==
(x.ordering == Ordering::Less)) {
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{folded->first}};
}
} else {
static_assert(T::category == TypeCategory::Character);
// Result of MIN and MAX on character has the length of
// the longest argument.
auto maxLen{std::max(folded->first.length(), folded->second.length())};
bool isFirst{x.ordering == Compare(folded->first, folded->second)};
auto res{isFirst ? std::move(folded->first) : std::move(folded->second)};
res = res.length() == maxLen
? std::move(res)
: CharacterUtils<T::kind>::Resize(res, maxLen);
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{std::move(res)}};
}
return Expr<T>{Constant<T>{folded->second}};
}
return Expr<T>{std::move(x)};
}
template <int KIND>
Expr<Type<TypeCategory::Real, KIND>> ToReal(
FoldingContext &context, Expr<SomeType> &&expr) {
using Result = Type<TypeCategory::Real, KIND>;
std::optional<Expr<Result>> result;
common::visit(
[&](auto &&x) {
using From = std::decay_t<decltype(x)>;
if constexpr (std::is_same_v<From, BOZLiteralConstant>) {
// Move the bits without any integer->real conversion
From original{x};
result = ConvertToType<Result>(std::move(x));
const auto *constant{UnwrapExpr<Constant<Result>>(*result)};
CHECK(constant);
Scalar<Result> real{constant->GetScalarValue().value()};
From converted{From::ConvertUnsigned(real.RawBits()).value};
if (original != converted) { // C1601
context.messages().Say(
"Nonzero bits truncated from BOZ literal constant in REAL intrinsic"_warn_en_US);
}
} else if constexpr (IsNumericCategoryExpr<From>()) {
result = Fold(context, ConvertToType<Result>(std::move(x)));
} else {
common::die("ToReal: bad argument expression");
}
},
std::move(expr.u));
return result.value();
}
// REAL(z) and AIMAG(z)
template <int KIND>
Expr<Type<TypeCategory::Real, KIND>> FoldOperation(
FoldingContext &context, ComplexComponent<KIND> &&x) {
using Operand = Type<TypeCategory::Complex, KIND>;
using Result = Type<TypeCategory::Real, KIND>;
if (auto array{ApplyElementwise(context, x,
std::function<Expr<Result>(Expr<Operand> &&)>{
[=](Expr<Operand> &&operand) {
return Expr<Result>{ComplexComponent<KIND>{
x.isImaginaryPart, std::move(operand)}};
}})}) {
return *array;
}
auto &operand{x.left()};
if (auto value{GetScalarConstantValue<Operand>(operand)}) {
if (x.isImaginaryPart) {
return Expr<Result>{Constant<Result>{value->AIMAG()}};
} else {
return Expr<Result>{Constant<Result>{value->REAL()}};
}
}
return Expr<Result>{std::move(x)};
}
template <typename T>
Expr<T> ExpressionBase<T>::Rewrite(FoldingContext &context, Expr<T> &&expr) {
return common::visit(
[&](auto &&x) -> Expr<T> {
if constexpr (IsSpecificIntrinsicType<T>) {
return FoldOperation(context, std::move(x));
} else if constexpr (std::is_same_v<T, SomeDerived>) {
return FoldOperation(context, std::move(x));
} else if constexpr (common::HasMember<decltype(x),
TypelessExpression>) {
return std::move(expr);
} else {
return Expr<T>{Fold(context, std::move(x))};
}
},
std::move(expr.u));
}
FOR_EACH_TYPE_AND_KIND(extern template class ExpressionBase, )
} // namespace Fortran::evaluate
#endif // FORTRAN_EVALUATE_FOLD_IMPLEMENTATION_H_