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//===--- Execution.h - Executing clang frontend actions -*- C++ ---------*-===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
// This file defines framework for executing clang frontend actions.
// The framework can be extended to support different execution plans including
// standalone execution on the given TUs or parallel execution on all TUs in
// the codebase.
// In order to enable multiprocessing execution, tool actions are expected to
// output result into the ToolResults provided by the executor. The
// `ToolResults` is an interface that abstracts how results are stored e.g.
// in-memory for standalone execution or on-disk for large-scale execution.
// New executors can be registered as ToolExecutorPlugins via the
// `ToolExecutorPluginRegistry`. CLI tools can use
// `createExecutorFromCommandLineArgs` to create a specific registered executor
// according to the command-line arguments.
#include "clang/Tooling/CommonOptionsParser.h"
#include "clang/Tooling/Tooling.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Error.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Registry.h"
#include "llvm/Support/StringSaver.h"
namespace clang {
namespace tooling {
extern llvm::cl::opt<std::string> ExecutorName;
/// An abstraction for the result of a tool execution. For example, the
/// underlying result can be in-memory or on-disk.
/// Results should be string key-value pairs. For example, a refactoring tool
/// can use source location as key and a replacement in YAML format as value.
class ToolResults {
virtual ~ToolResults() = default;
virtual void addResult(StringRef Key, StringRef Value) = 0;
virtual std::vector<std::pair<llvm::StringRef, llvm::StringRef>>
AllKVResults() = 0;
virtual void forEachResult(
llvm::function_ref<void(StringRef Key, StringRef Value)> Callback) = 0;
/// Stores the key-value results in memory. It maintains the lifetime of
/// the result. Clang tools using this class are expected to generate a small
/// set of different results, or a large set of duplicated results.
class InMemoryToolResults : public ToolResults {
InMemoryToolResults() : Strings(Arena) {}
void addResult(StringRef Key, StringRef Value) override;
std::vector<std::pair<llvm::StringRef, llvm::StringRef>>
AllKVResults() override;
void forEachResult(llvm::function_ref<void(StringRef Key, StringRef Value)>
Callback) override;
llvm::BumpPtrAllocator Arena;
llvm::UniqueStringSaver Strings;
std::vector<std::pair<llvm::StringRef, llvm::StringRef>> KVResults;
/// The context of an execution, including the information about
/// compilation and results.
class ExecutionContext {
virtual ~ExecutionContext() {}
/// Initializes a context. This does not take ownership of `Results`.
explicit ExecutionContext(ToolResults *Results) : Results(Results) {}
/// Adds a KV pair to the result container of this execution.
void reportResult(StringRef Key, StringRef Value);
// Returns the source control system's revision number if applicable.
// Otherwise returns an empty string.
virtual std::string getRevision() { return ""; }
// Returns the corpus being analyzed, e.g. "llvm" for the LLVM codebase, if
// applicable.
virtual std::string getCorpus() { return ""; }
// Returns the currently processed compilation unit if available.
virtual std::string getCurrentCompilationUnit() { return ""; }
ToolResults *Results;
/// Interface for executing clang frontend actions.
/// This can be extended to support running tool actions in different
/// execution mode, e.g. on a specific set of TUs or many TUs in parallel.
/// New executors can be registered as ToolExecutorPlugins via the
/// `ToolExecutorPluginRegistry`. CLI tools can use
/// `createExecutorFromCommandLineArgs` to create a specific registered
/// executor according to the command-line arguments.
class ToolExecutor {
virtual ~ToolExecutor() {}
/// Returns the name of a specific executor.
virtual StringRef getExecutorName() const = 0;
/// Executes each action with a corresponding arguments adjuster.
virtual llvm::Error
std::pair<std::unique_ptr<FrontendActionFactory>, ArgumentsAdjuster>>
Actions) = 0;
/// Convenient functions for the above `execute`.
llvm::Error execute(std::unique_ptr<FrontendActionFactory> Action);
/// Executes an action with an argument adjuster.
llvm::Error execute(std::unique_ptr<FrontendActionFactory> Action,
ArgumentsAdjuster Adjuster);
/// Returns a reference to the execution context.
/// This should be passed to tool callbacks, and tool callbacks should report
/// results via the returned context.
virtual ExecutionContext *getExecutionContext() = 0;
/// Returns a reference to the result container.
/// NOTE: This should only be used after the execution finishes. Tool
/// callbacks should report results via `ExecutionContext` instead.
virtual ToolResults *getToolResults() = 0;
/// Map a virtual file to be used while running the tool.
/// \param FilePath The path at which the content will be mapped.
/// \param Content A buffer of the file's content.
virtual void mapVirtualFile(StringRef FilePath, StringRef Content) = 0;
/// Interface for factories that create specific executors. This is also
/// used as a plugin to be registered into ToolExecutorPluginRegistry.
class ToolExecutorPlugin {
virtual ~ToolExecutorPlugin() {}
/// Create an `ToolExecutor`.
/// `OptionsParser` can be consumed (e.g. moved) if the creation succeeds.
virtual llvm::Expected<std::unique_ptr<ToolExecutor>>
create(CommonOptionsParser &OptionsParser) = 0;
/// This creates a ToolExecutor that is in the global registry based on
/// commandline arguments.
/// This picks the right executor based on the `--executor` option. This parses
/// the commandline arguments with `CommonOptionsParser`, so caller does not
/// need to parse again.
/// By default, this creates a `StandaloneToolExecutor` ("standalone") if
/// `--executor` is not provided.
createExecutorFromCommandLineArgs(int &argc, const char **argv,
llvm::cl::OptionCategory &Category,
const char *Overview = nullptr);
namespace internal {
createExecutorFromCommandLineArgsImpl(int &argc, const char **argv,
llvm::cl::OptionCategory &Category,
const char *Overview = nullptr);
} // end namespace internal
} // end namespace tooling
} // end namespace clang