blob: 25d8cc6791960146b6c39578212fd607566209c1 [file] [log] [blame]
//===- Replacement.h - Framework for clang refactoring tools ----*- C++ -*-===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
// Classes supporting refactorings that span multiple translation units.
// While single translation unit refactorings are supported via the Rewriter,
// when refactoring multiple translation units changes must be stored in a
// SourceManager independent form, duplicate changes need to be removed, and
// all changes must be applied at once at the end of the refactoring so that
// the code is always parseable.
#include "clang/Basic/LangOptions.h"
#include "clang/Basic/SourceLocation.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Optional.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Compiler.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Error.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
#include <map>
#include <set>
#include <string>
#include <system_error>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
namespace clang {
class FileManager;
class Rewriter;
class SourceManager;
namespace tooling {
/// A source range independent of the \c SourceManager.
class Range {
Range() = default;
Range(unsigned Offset, unsigned Length) : Offset(Offset), Length(Length) {}
/// Accessors.
/// @{
unsigned getOffset() const { return Offset; }
unsigned getLength() const { return Length; }
/// @}
/// \name Range Predicates
/// @{
/// Whether this range overlaps with \p RHS or not.
bool overlapsWith(Range RHS) const {
return Offset + Length > RHS.Offset && Offset < RHS.Offset + RHS.Length;
/// Whether this range contains \p RHS or not.
bool contains(Range RHS) const {
return RHS.Offset >= Offset &&
(RHS.Offset + RHS.Length) <= (Offset + Length);
/// Whether this range equals to \p RHS or not.
bool operator==(const Range &RHS) const {
return Offset == RHS.getOffset() && Length == RHS.getLength();
/// @}
unsigned Offset = 0;
unsigned Length = 0;
/// A text replacement.
/// Represents a SourceManager independent replacement of a range of text in a
/// specific file.
class Replacement {
/// Creates an invalid (not applicable) replacement.
/// Creates a replacement of the range [Offset, Offset+Length) in
/// FilePath with ReplacementText.
/// \param FilePath A source file accessible via a SourceManager.
/// \param Offset The byte offset of the start of the range in the file.
/// \param Length The length of the range in bytes.
Replacement(StringRef FilePath, unsigned Offset, unsigned Length,
StringRef ReplacementText);
/// Creates a Replacement of the range [Start, Start+Length) with
/// ReplacementText.
Replacement(const SourceManager &Sources, SourceLocation Start,
unsigned Length, StringRef ReplacementText);
/// Creates a Replacement of the given range with ReplacementText.
Replacement(const SourceManager &Sources, const CharSourceRange &Range,
StringRef ReplacementText,
const LangOptions &LangOpts = LangOptions());
/// Creates a Replacement of the node with ReplacementText.
template <typename Node>
Replacement(const SourceManager &Sources, const Node &NodeToReplace,
StringRef ReplacementText,
const LangOptions &LangOpts = LangOptions());
/// Returns whether this replacement can be applied to a file.
/// Only replacements that are in a valid file can be applied.
bool isApplicable() const;
/// Accessors.
/// @{
StringRef getFilePath() const { return FilePath; }
unsigned getOffset() const { return ReplacementRange.getOffset(); }
unsigned getLength() const { return ReplacementRange.getLength(); }
StringRef getReplacementText() const { return ReplacementText; }
/// @}
/// Applies the replacement on the Rewriter.
bool apply(Rewriter &Rewrite) const;
/// Returns a human readable string representation.
std::string toString() const;
void setFromSourceLocation(const SourceManager &Sources, SourceLocation Start,
unsigned Length, StringRef ReplacementText);
void setFromSourceRange(const SourceManager &Sources,
const CharSourceRange &Range,
StringRef ReplacementText,
const LangOptions &LangOpts);
std::string FilePath;
Range ReplacementRange;
std::string ReplacementText;
enum class replacement_error {
fail_to_apply = 0,
/// Carries extra error information in replacement-related llvm::Error,
/// e.g. fail applying replacements and replacements conflict.
class ReplacementError : public llvm::ErrorInfo<ReplacementError> {
ReplacementError(replacement_error Err) : Err(Err) {}
/// Constructs an error related to an existing replacement.
ReplacementError(replacement_error Err, Replacement Existing)
: Err(Err), ExistingReplacement(std::move(Existing)) {}
/// Constructs an error related to a new replacement and an existing
/// replacement in a set of replacements.
ReplacementError(replacement_error Err, Replacement New, Replacement Existing)
: Err(Err), NewReplacement(std::move(New)),
ExistingReplacement(std::move(Existing)) {}
std::string message() const override;
void log(raw_ostream &OS) const override { OS << message(); }
replacement_error get() const { return Err; }
static char ID;
const llvm::Optional<Replacement> &getNewReplacement() const {
return NewReplacement;
const llvm::Optional<Replacement> &getExistingReplacement() const {
return ExistingReplacement;
// Users are not expected to use error_code.
std::error_code convertToErrorCode() const override {
return llvm::inconvertibleErrorCode();
replacement_error Err;
// A new replacement, which is to expected be added into a set of
// replacements, that is causing problem.
llvm::Optional<Replacement> NewReplacement;
// An existing replacement in a replacements set that is causing problem.
llvm::Optional<Replacement> ExistingReplacement;
/// Less-than operator between two Replacements.
bool operator<(const Replacement &LHS, const Replacement &RHS);
/// Equal-to operator between two Replacements.
bool operator==(const Replacement &LHS, const Replacement &RHS);
/// Maintains a set of replacements that are conflict-free.
/// Two replacements are considered conflicts if they overlap or have the same
/// offset (i.e. order-dependent).
class Replacements {
using ReplacementsImpl = std::set<Replacement>;
using const_iterator = ReplacementsImpl::const_iterator;
using const_reverse_iterator = ReplacementsImpl::const_reverse_iterator;
Replacements() = default;
explicit Replacements(const Replacement &R) { Replaces.insert(R); }
/// Adds a new replacement \p R to the current set of replacements.
/// \p R must have the same file path as all existing replacements.
/// Returns `success` if the replacement is successfully inserted; otherwise,
/// it returns an llvm::Error, i.e. there is a conflict between R and the
/// existing replacements (i.e. they are order-dependent) or R's file path is
/// different from the filepath of existing replacements. Callers must
/// explicitly check the Error returned, and the returned error can be
/// converted to a string message with `llvm::toString()`. This prevents users
/// from adding order-dependent replacements. To control the order in which
/// order-dependent replacements are applied, use merge({R}) with R referring
/// to the changed code after applying all existing replacements.
/// Two replacements A and B are considered order-independent if applying them
/// in either order produces the same result. Note that the range of the
/// replacement that is applied later still refers to the original code.
/// These include (but not restricted to) replacements that:
/// - don't overlap (being directly adjacent is fine) and
/// - are overlapping deletions.
/// - are insertions at the same offset and applying them in either order
/// has the same effect, i.e. X + Y = Y + X when inserting X and Y
/// respectively.
/// - are identical replacements, i.e. applying the same replacement twice
/// is equivalent to applying it once.
/// Examples:
/// 1. Replacement A(0, 0, "a") and B(0, 0, "aa") are order-independent since
/// applying them in either order gives replacement (0, 0, "aaa").
/// However, A(0, 0, "a") and B(0, 0, "b") are order-dependent since
/// applying A first gives (0, 0, "ab") while applying B first gives (B, A,
/// "ba").
/// 2. Replacement A(0, 2, "123") and B(0, 2, "123") are order-independent
/// since applying them in either order gives (0, 2, "123").
/// 3. Replacement A(0, 3, "123") and B(2, 3, "321") are order-independent
/// since either order gives (0, 5, "12321").
/// 4. Replacement A(0, 3, "ab") and B(0, 3, "ab") are order-independent since
/// applying the same replacement twice is equivalent to applying it once.
/// Replacements with offset UINT_MAX are special - we do not detect conflicts
/// for such replacements since users may add them intentionally as a special
/// category of replacements.
llvm::Error add(const Replacement &R);
/// Merges \p Replaces into the current replacements. \p Replaces
/// refers to code after applying the current replacements.
[[nodiscard]] Replacements merge(const Replacements &Replaces) const;
// Returns the affected ranges in the changed code.
std::vector<Range> getAffectedRanges() const;
// Returns the new offset in the code after replacements being applied.
// Note that if there is an insertion at Offset in the current replacements,
// \p Offset will be shifted to Offset + Length in inserted text.
unsigned getShiftedCodePosition(unsigned Position) const;
unsigned size() const { return Replaces.size(); }
void clear() { Replaces.clear(); }
bool empty() const { return Replaces.empty(); }
const_iterator begin() const { return Replaces.begin(); }
const_iterator end() const { return Replaces.end(); }
const_reverse_iterator rbegin() const { return Replaces.rbegin(); }
const_reverse_iterator rend() const { return Replaces.rend(); }
bool operator==(const Replacements &RHS) const {
return Replaces == RHS.Replaces;
Replacements(const_iterator Begin, const_iterator End)
: Replaces(Begin, End) {}
// Returns `R` with new range that refers to code after `Replaces` being
// applied.
Replacement getReplacementInChangedCode(const Replacement &R) const;
// Returns a set of replacements that is equivalent to the current
// replacements by merging all adjacent replacements. Two sets of replacements
// are considered equivalent if they have the same effect when they are
// applied.
Replacements getCanonicalReplacements() const;
// If `R` and all existing replacements are order-independent, then merge it
// with `Replaces` and returns the merged replacements; otherwise, returns an
// error.
mergeIfOrderIndependent(const Replacement &R) const;
ReplacementsImpl Replaces;
/// Apply all replacements in \p Replaces to the Rewriter \p Rewrite.
/// Replacement applications happen independently of the success of
/// other applications.
/// \returns true if all replacements apply. false otherwise.
bool applyAllReplacements(const Replacements &Replaces, Rewriter &Rewrite);
/// Applies all replacements in \p Replaces to \p Code.
/// This completely ignores the path stored in each replacement. If all
/// replacements are applied successfully, this returns the code with
/// replacements applied; otherwise, an llvm::Error carrying llvm::StringError
/// is returned (the Error message can be converted to string using
/// `llvm::toString()` and 'std::error_code` in the `Error` should be ignored).
llvm::Expected<std::string> applyAllReplacements(StringRef Code,
const Replacements &Replaces);
/// Collection of Replacements generated from a single translation unit.
struct TranslationUnitReplacements {
/// Name of the main source for the translation unit.
std::string MainSourceFile;
std::vector<Replacement> Replacements;
/// Calculates the new ranges after \p Replaces are applied. These
/// include both the original \p Ranges and the affected ranges of \p Replaces
/// in the new code.
/// \pre Replacements must be for the same file.
/// \return The new ranges after \p Replaces are applied. The new ranges will be
/// sorted and non-overlapping.
calculateRangesAfterReplacements(const Replacements &Replaces,
const std::vector<Range> &Ranges);
/// If there are multiple <File, Replacements> pairs with the same file
/// entry, we only keep one pair and discard the rest.
/// If a file does not exist, its corresponding replacements will be ignored.
std::map<std::string, Replacements> groupReplacementsByFile(
FileManager &FileMgr,
const std::map<std::string, Replacements> &FileToReplaces);
template <typename Node>
Replacement::Replacement(const SourceManager &Sources,
const Node &NodeToReplace, StringRef ReplacementText,
const LangOptions &LangOpts) {
const CharSourceRange Range =
setFromSourceRange(Sources, Range, ReplacementText, LangOpts);
} // namespace tooling
} // namespace clang