blob: 9667435944020f6068d27dc107533d3db729df11 [file] [log] [blame]
* Code Generation
open Llvm
exception Error of string
let context = global_context ()
let the_module = create_module context "my cool jit"
let builder = builder context
let named_values:(string, llvalue) Hashtbl.t = Hashtbl.create 10
let double_type = double_type context
let rec codegen_expr = function
| Ast.Number n -> const_float double_type n
| Ast.Variable name ->
(try Hashtbl.find named_values name with
| Not_found -> raise (Error "unknown variable name"))
| Ast.Unary (op, operand) ->
let operand = codegen_expr operand in
let callee = "unary" ^ (String.make 1 op) in
let callee =
match lookup_function callee the_module with
| Some callee -> callee
| None -> raise (Error "unknown unary operator")
build_call callee [|operand|] "unop" builder
| Ast.Binary (op, lhs, rhs) ->
let lhs_val = codegen_expr lhs in
let rhs_val = codegen_expr rhs in
match op with
| '+' -> build_fadd lhs_val rhs_val "addtmp" builder
| '-' -> build_fsub lhs_val rhs_val "subtmp" builder
| '*' -> build_fmul lhs_val rhs_val "multmp" builder
| '<' ->
(* Convert bool 0/1 to double 0.0 or 1.0 *)
let i = build_fcmp Fcmp.Ult lhs_val rhs_val "cmptmp" builder in
build_uitofp i double_type "booltmp" builder
| _ ->
(* If it wasn't a builtin binary operator, it must be a user defined
* one. Emit a call to it. *)
let callee = "binary" ^ (String.make 1 op) in
let callee =
match lookup_function callee the_module with
| Some callee -> callee
| None -> raise (Error "binary operator not found!")
build_call callee [|lhs_val; rhs_val|] "binop" builder
| Ast.Call (callee, args) ->
(* Look up the name in the module table. *)
let callee =
match lookup_function callee the_module with
| Some callee -> callee
| None -> raise (Error "unknown function referenced")
let params = params callee in
(* If argument mismatch error. *)
if Array.length params == Array.length args then () else
raise (Error "incorrect # arguments passed");
let args = codegen_expr args in
build_call callee args "calltmp" builder
| Ast.If (cond, then_, else_) ->
let cond = codegen_expr cond in
(* Convert condition to a bool by comparing equal to 0.0 *)
let zero = const_float double_type 0.0 in
let cond_val = build_fcmp Fcmp.One cond zero "ifcond" builder in
(* Grab the first block so that we might later add the conditional branch
* to it at the end of the function. *)
let start_bb = insertion_block builder in
let the_function = block_parent start_bb in
let then_bb = append_block context "then" the_function in
(* Emit 'then' value. *)
position_at_end then_bb builder;
let then_val = codegen_expr then_ in
(* Codegen of 'then' can change the current block, update then_bb for the
* phi. We create a new name because one is used for the phi node, and the
* other is used for the conditional branch. *)
let new_then_bb = insertion_block builder in
(* Emit 'else' value. *)
let else_bb = append_block context "else" the_function in
position_at_end else_bb builder;
let else_val = codegen_expr else_ in
(* Codegen of 'else' can change the current block, update else_bb for the
* phi. *)
let new_else_bb = insertion_block builder in
(* Emit merge block. *)
let merge_bb = append_block context "ifcont" the_function in
position_at_end merge_bb builder;
let incoming = [(then_val, new_then_bb); (else_val, new_else_bb)] in
let phi = build_phi incoming "iftmp" builder in
(* Return to the start block to add the conditional branch. *)
position_at_end start_bb builder;
ignore (build_cond_br cond_val then_bb else_bb builder);
(* Set a unconditional branch at the end of the 'then' block and the
* 'else' block to the 'merge' block. *)
position_at_end new_then_bb builder; ignore (build_br merge_bb builder);
position_at_end new_else_bb builder; ignore (build_br merge_bb builder);
(* Finally, set the builder to the end of the merge block. *)
position_at_end merge_bb builder;
| Ast.For (var_name, start, end_, step, body) ->
(* Emit the start code first, without 'variable' in scope. *)
let start_val = codegen_expr start in
(* Make the new basic block for the loop header, inserting after current
* block. *)
let preheader_bb = insertion_block builder in
let the_function = block_parent preheader_bb in
let loop_bb = append_block context "loop" the_function in
(* Insert an explicit fall through from the current block to the
* loop_bb. *)
ignore (build_br loop_bb builder);
(* Start insertion in loop_bb. *)
position_at_end loop_bb builder;
(* Start the PHI node with an entry for start. *)
let variable = build_phi [(start_val, preheader_bb)] var_name builder in
(* Within the loop, the variable is defined equal to the PHI node. If it
* shadows an existing variable, we have to restore it, so save it
* now. *)
let old_val =
try Some (Hashtbl.find named_values var_name) with Not_found -> None
Hashtbl.add named_values var_name variable;
(* Emit the body of the loop. This, like any other expr, can change the
* current BB. Note that we ignore the value computed by the body, but
* don't allow an error *)
ignore (codegen_expr body);
(* Emit the step value. *)
let step_val =
match step with
| Some step -> codegen_expr step
(* If not specified, use 1.0. *)
| None -> const_float double_type 1.0
let next_var = build_add variable step_val "nextvar" builder in
(* Compute the end condition. *)
let end_cond = codegen_expr end_ in
(* Convert condition to a bool by comparing equal to 0.0. *)
let zero = const_float double_type 0.0 in
let end_cond = build_fcmp Fcmp.One end_cond zero "loopcond" builder in
(* Create the "after loop" block and insert it. *)
let loop_end_bb = insertion_block builder in
let after_bb = append_block context "afterloop" the_function in
(* Insert the conditional branch into the end of loop_end_bb. *)
ignore (build_cond_br end_cond loop_bb after_bb builder);
(* Any new code will be inserted in after_bb. *)
position_at_end after_bb builder;
(* Add a new entry to the PHI node for the backedge. *)
add_incoming (next_var, loop_end_bb) variable;
(* Restore the unshadowed variable. *)
begin match old_val with
| Some old_val -> Hashtbl.add named_values var_name old_val
| None -> ()
(* for expr always returns 0.0. *)
const_null double_type
let codegen_proto = function
| Ast.Prototype (name, args) | Ast.BinOpPrototype (name, args, _) ->
(* Make the function type: double(double,double) etc. *)
let doubles = Array.make (Array.length args) double_type in
let ft = function_type double_type doubles in
let f =
match lookup_function name the_module with
| None -> declare_function name ft the_module
(* If 'f' conflicted, there was already something named 'name'. If it
* has a body, don't allow redefinition or reextern. *)
| Some f ->
(* If 'f' already has a body, reject this. *)
if block_begin f <> At_end f then
raise (Error "redefinition of function");
(* If 'f' took a different number of arguments, reject. *)
if element_type (type_of f) <> ft then
raise (Error "redefinition of function with different # args");
(* Set names for all arguments. *)
Array.iteri (fun i a ->
let n = args.(i) in
set_value_name n a;
Hashtbl.add named_values n a;
) (params f);
let codegen_func the_fpm = function
| Ast.Function (proto, body) ->
Hashtbl.clear named_values;
let the_function = codegen_proto proto in
(* If this is an operator, install it. *)
begin match proto with
| Ast.BinOpPrototype (name, args, prec) ->
let op = name.[String.length name - 1] in
Hashtbl.add Parser.binop_precedence op prec;
| _ -> ()
(* Create a new basic block to start insertion into. *)
let bb = append_block context "entry" the_function in
position_at_end bb builder;
let ret_val = codegen_expr body in
(* Finish off the function. *)
let _ = build_ret ret_val builder in
(* Validate the generated code, checking for consistency. *)
Llvm_analysis.assert_valid_function the_function;
(* Optimize the function. *)
let _ = PassManager.run_function the_function the_fpm in
with e ->
delete_function the_function;
raise e