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//===- llvm/Support/PointerLikeTypeTraits.h - Pointer Traits ----*- C++ -*-===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
// This file defines the PointerLikeTypeTraits class. This allows data
// structures to reason about pointers and other things that are pointer sized.
#include "llvm/Support/DataTypes.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <type_traits>
namespace llvm {
/// A traits type that is used to handle pointer types and things that are just
/// wrappers for pointers as a uniform entity.
template <typename T> struct PointerLikeTypeTraits;
namespace detail {
/// A tiny meta function to compute the log2 of a compile time constant.
template <size_t N>
struct ConstantLog2
: std::integral_constant<size_t, ConstantLog2<N / 2>::value + 1> {};
template <> struct ConstantLog2<1> : std::integral_constant<size_t, 0> {};
// Provide a trait to check if T is pointer-like.
template <typename T, typename U = void> struct HasPointerLikeTypeTraits {
static const bool value = false;
// sizeof(T) is valid only for a complete T.
template <typename T>
struct HasPointerLikeTypeTraits<
T, decltype((sizeof(PointerLikeTypeTraits<T>) + sizeof(T)), void())> {
static const bool value = true;
template <typename T> struct IsPointerLike {
static const bool value = HasPointerLikeTypeTraits<T>::value;
template <typename T> struct IsPointerLike<T *> {
static const bool value = true;
} // namespace detail
// Provide PointerLikeTypeTraits for non-cvr pointers.
template <typename T> struct PointerLikeTypeTraits<T *> {
static inline void *getAsVoidPointer(T *P) { return P; }
static inline T *getFromVoidPointer(void *P) { return static_cast<T *>(P); }
static constexpr int NumLowBitsAvailable =
template <> struct PointerLikeTypeTraits<void *> {
static inline void *getAsVoidPointer(void *P) { return P; }
static inline void *getFromVoidPointer(void *P) { return P; }
/// Note, we assume here that void* is related to raw malloc'ed memory and
/// that malloc returns objects at least 4-byte aligned. However, this may be
/// wrong, or pointers may be from something other than malloc. In this case,
/// you should specify a real typed pointer or avoid this template.
/// All clients should use assertions to do a run-time check to ensure that
/// this is actually true.
static constexpr int NumLowBitsAvailable = 2;
// Provide PointerLikeTypeTraits for const things.
template <typename T> struct PointerLikeTypeTraits<const T> {
typedef PointerLikeTypeTraits<T> NonConst;
static inline const void *getAsVoidPointer(const T P) {
return NonConst::getAsVoidPointer(P);
static inline const T getFromVoidPointer(const void *P) {
return NonConst::getFromVoidPointer(const_cast<void *>(P));
static constexpr int NumLowBitsAvailable = NonConst::NumLowBitsAvailable;
// Provide PointerLikeTypeTraits for const pointers.
template <typename T> struct PointerLikeTypeTraits<const T *> {
typedef PointerLikeTypeTraits<T *> NonConst;
static inline const void *getAsVoidPointer(const T *P) {
return NonConst::getAsVoidPointer(const_cast<T *>(P));
static inline const T *getFromVoidPointer(const void *P) {
return NonConst::getFromVoidPointer(const_cast<void *>(P));
static constexpr int NumLowBitsAvailable = NonConst::NumLowBitsAvailable;
// Provide PointerLikeTypeTraits for uintptr_t.
template <> struct PointerLikeTypeTraits<uintptr_t> {
static inline void *getAsVoidPointer(uintptr_t P) {
return reinterpret_cast<void *>(P);
static inline uintptr_t getFromVoidPointer(void *P) {
return reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(P);
// No bits are available!
static constexpr int NumLowBitsAvailable = 0;
/// Provide suitable custom traits struct for function pointers.
/// Function pointers can't be directly given these traits as functions can't
/// have their alignment computed with `alignof` and we need different casting.
/// To rely on higher alignment for a specialized use, you can provide a
/// customized form of this template explicitly with higher alignment, and
/// potentially use alignment attributes on functions to satisfy that.
template <int Alignment, typename FunctionPointerT>
struct FunctionPointerLikeTypeTraits {
static constexpr int NumLowBitsAvailable =
static inline void *getAsVoidPointer(FunctionPointerT P) {
assert((reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(P) &
~((uintptr_t)-1 << NumLowBitsAvailable)) == 0 &&
"Alignment not satisfied for an actual function pointer!");
return reinterpret_cast<void *>(P);
static inline FunctionPointerT getFromVoidPointer(void *P) {
return reinterpret_cast<FunctionPointerT>(P);
/// Provide a default specialization for function pointers that assumes 4-byte
/// alignment.
/// We assume here that functions used with this are always at least 4-byte
/// aligned. This means that, for example, thumb functions won't work or systems
/// with weird unaligned function pointers won't work. But all practical systems
/// we support satisfy this requirement.
template <typename ReturnT, typename... ParamTs>
struct PointerLikeTypeTraits<ReturnT (*)(ParamTs...)>
: FunctionPointerLikeTypeTraits<4, ReturnT (*)(ParamTs...)> {};
} // end namespace llvm