blob: b6a405dbc78b2edbd55ca08256ea93be6fe2e1f4 [file] [log] [blame]
Clang 8.0.0 (In-Progress) Release Notes
.. contents::
:depth: 2
Written by the `LLVM Team <>`_
.. warning::
These are in-progress notes for the upcoming Clang 8 release.
Release notes for previous releases can be found on
`the Download Page <>`_.
This document contains the release notes for the Clang C/C++/Objective-C
frontend, part of the LLVM Compiler Infrastructure, release 8.0.0. Here we
describe the status of Clang in some detail, including major
improvements from the previous release and new feature work. For the
general LLVM release notes, see `the LLVM
documentation <>`_. All LLVM
releases may be downloaded from the `LLVM releases web
site <>`_.
For more information about Clang or LLVM, including information about the
latest release, please see the `Clang Web Site <>`_ or the
`LLVM Web Site <>`_.
Note that if you are reading this file from a Subversion checkout or the
main Clang web page, this document applies to the *next* release, not
the current one. To see the release notes for a specific release, please
see the `releases page <>`_.
What's New in Clang 8.0.0?
Some of the major new features and improvements to Clang are listed
here. Generic improvements to Clang as a whole or to its underlying
infrastructure are described first, followed by language-specific
sections with improvements to Clang's support for those languages.
Major New Features
- Clang supports use of a profile remapping file, which permits
profile data captured for one version of a program to be applied
when building another version where symbols have changed (for
example, due to renaming a class or namespace).
See the :doc:`UsersManual` for details.
Improvements to Clang's diagnostics
- ``-Wextra-semi-stmt`` is a new diagnostic that diagnoses extra semicolons,
much like ``-Wextra-semi``. This new diagnostic diagnoses all *unnecessary*
null statements (expression statements without an expression), unless: the
semicolon directly follows a macro that was expanded to nothing or if the
semicolon is within the macro itself. This applies to macros defined in system
headers as well as user-defined macros.
.. code-block:: c++
#define MACRO(x) int x;
#define NULLMACRO(varname)
void test() {
; // <- warning: ';' with no preceding expression is a null statement
while (true)
; // OK, it is needed.
switch (my_enum) {
case E1:
// stuff
case E2:
; // OK, it is needed.
MACRO(v0;) // Extra semicolon, but within macro, so ignored.
MACRO(v1); // <- warning: ';' with no preceding expression is a null statement
NULLMACRO(v2); // ignored, NULLMACRO expanded to nothing.
- ``-Wempty-init-stmt`` is a new diagnostic that diagnoses empty init-statements
of ``if``, ``switch``, ``range-based for``, unless: the semicolon directly
follows a macro that was expanded to nothing or if the semicolon is within the
macro itself (both macros from system headers, and normal macros). This
diagnostic is in the ``-Wextra-semi-stmt`` group and is enabled in
.. code-block:: c++
void test() {
if(; // <- warning: init-statement of 'if' is a null statement
switch (; // <- warning: init-statement of 'switch' is a null statement
x) {
for (; // <- warning: init-statement of 'range-based for' is a null statement
int y : S())
Non-comprehensive list of changes in this release
- The experimental feature Pretokenized Headers (PTH) was removed in its
entirely from Clang. The feature did not properly work with about 1/3 of the
possible tokens available and was unmaintained.
- The internals of libc++ include directory detection on MacOS have changed.
Instead of running a search based on the ``-resource-dir`` flag, the search
is now based on the path of the compiler in the filesystem. The default
behaviour should not change. However, if you override ``-resource-dir``
manually and rely on the old behaviour you will need to add appropriate
compiler flags for finding the corresponding libc++ include directory.
New Compiler Flags
- ``-fprofile-filter-files=[regexes]`` and ``-fprofile-exclude-files=[regexes]``.
Clang has now options to filter or exclude some files when
instrumenting for gcov-based profiling.
See the :doc:`UsersManual` for details.
- ...
Deprecated Compiler Flags
The following options are deprecated and ignored. They will be removed in
future versions of Clang.
- ...
Modified Compiler Flags
- As of clang 8, `alignof` and `_Alignof` return the ABI alignment of a type,
as opposed to the preferred alignment. `__alignof` still returns the
preferred alignment. `-fclang-abi-compat=7` (and previous) will make
`alignof` and `_Alignof` return preferred alignment again.
New Pragmas in Clang
- Clang now supports adding multiple `#pragma clang attribute` attributes into
a scope of pushed attributes.
Attribute Changes in Clang
- ...
Windows Support
- clang-cl now supports the use of the precompiled header options /Yc and /Yu
without the filename argument. When these options are used without the
filename, a `#pragma hdrstop` inside the source marks the end of the
precompiled code.
- clang-cl has a new command-line option, ``/Zc:dllexportInlines-``, similar to
``-fvisibility-inlines-hidden`` on non-Windows, that makes class-level
`dllexport` and `dllimport` attributes not apply to inline member functions.
This can significantly reduce compile and link times. See the `User's Manual
<UsersManual.html#the-zc-dllexportinlines-option>`_ for more info.
- ...
C Language Changes in Clang
- ...
C11 Feature Support
C++ Language Changes in Clang
- ...
C++1z Feature Support
Objective-C Language Changes in Clang
OpenCL C Language Changes in Clang
ABI Changes in Clang
- `_Alignof` and `alignof` now return the ABI alignment of a type, as opposed
to the preferred alignment.
- This is more in keeping with the language of the standards, as well as
being compatible with gcc
- `__alignof` and `__alignof__` still return the preferred alignment of
a type
- This shouldn't break any ABI except for things that explicitly ask for
- If you have interfaces that break with this change, you may wish to switch
to `alignas(__alignof(T))`, instead of using the `-fclang-abi-compat`
OpenMP Support in Clang
- Support relational-op != (not-equal) as one of the canonical forms of random
access iterator.
- Added support for mapping of the lambdas in target regions.
- Added parsing/sema analysis for OpenMP 5.0 requires directive.
- Various bugfixes and improvements.
New features supported for Cuda devices:
- Added support for the reductions across the teams.
- Extended number of constructs that can be executed in SPMD mode.
- Fixed support for lastprivate/reduction variables in SPMD constructs.
- General performance improvement.
CUDA Support in Clang
Internal API Changes
These are major API changes that have happened since the 7.0.0 release of
Clang. If upgrading an external codebase that uses Clang as a library,
this section should help get you past the largest hurdles of upgrading.
- ...
AST Matchers
- ...
- ...
Static Analyzer
- ...
.. _release-notes-ubsan:
Undefined Behavior Sanitizer (UBSan)
* The Implicit Conversion Sanitizer (``-fsanitize=implicit-conversion``) group
was extended. One more type of issues is caught - implicit integer sign change.
This makes the Implicit Conversion Sanitizer feature-complete,
with only missing piece being bitfield handling.
While there is a ``-Wsign-conversion`` diagnostic group that catches this kind
of issues, it is both noisy, and does not catch **all** the cases.
.. code-block:: c++
bool consume(unsigned int val);
void test(int val) {
(void)consume(val); // If the value was negative, it is now large positive.
(void)consume((unsigned int)val); // OK, the conversion is explicit.
Like some other ``-fsanitize=integer`` checks, these issues are **not**
undefined behaviour. But they are not *always* intentional, and are somewhat
hard to track down. This group is **not** enabled by ``-fsanitize=undefined``,
but the ``-fsanitize=implicit-integer-sign-change`` check
is enabled by ``-fsanitize=integer``.
(as is ``-fsanitize=implicit-integer-truncation`` check)
* The Implicit Conversion Sanitizer (``-fsanitize=implicit-conversion``) has
learned to sanitize compound assignment operators.
* ``alignment`` check has learned to sanitize the assume_aligned-like attributes:
.. code-block:: c++
typedef char **__attribute__((align_value(1024))) aligned_char;
struct ac_struct {
aligned_char a;
char **load_from_ac_struct(struct ac_struct *x) {
return x->a; // <- check that loaded 'a' is aligned
char **passthrough(__attribute__((align_value(1024))) char **x) {
return x; // <- check the pointer passed as function argument
char **__attribute__((alloc_align(2)))
alloc_align(int size, unsigned long alignment);
char **caller(int size) {
return alloc_align(size, 1024); // <- check returned pointer
char **__attribute__((assume_aligned(1024))) get_ptr();
char **caller2() {
return get_ptr(); // <- check returned pointer
void *caller3(char **x) {
return __builtin_assume_aligned(x, 1024); // <- check returned pointer
void *caller4(char **x, unsigned long offset) {
return __builtin_assume_aligned(x, 1024, offset); // <- check returned pointer accounting for the offest
void process(char *data, int width) {
#pragma omp for simd aligned(data : 1024) // <- aligned clause will be checked.
for (int x = 0; x < width; x++)
data[x] *= data[x];
Core Analysis Improvements
- ...
New Issues Found
- ...
Python Binding Changes
The following methods have been added:
- ...
Significant Known Problems
Additional Information
A wide variety of additional information is available on the `Clang web
page <>`_. The web page contains versions of the
API documentation which are up-to-date with the Subversion version of
the source code. You can access versions of these documents specific to
this release by going into the "``clang/docs/``" directory in the Clang
If you have any questions or comments about Clang, please feel free to
contact us via the `mailing
list <>`_.