blob: 70f3233f5e8cb493da4a0ea2d6c52127426675f6 [file] [log] [blame]
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
# See for license information.
# SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
""" This module is responsible to capture the compiler invocation of any
build process. The result of that should be a compilation database.
This implementation is using the LD_PRELOAD or DYLD_INSERT_LIBRARIES
mechanisms provided by the dynamic linker. The related library is implemented
in C language and can be found under 'libear' directory.
The 'libear' library is capturing all child process creation and logging the
relevant information about it into separate files in a specified directory.
The parameter of this process is the output directory name, where the report
files shall be placed. This parameter is passed as an environment variable.
The module also implements compiler wrappers to intercept the compiler calls.
The module implements the build command execution and the post-processing of
the output files, which will condensates into a compilation database. """
import sys
import os
import os.path
import re
import itertools
import json
import glob
import logging
from libear import build_libear, TemporaryDirectory
from libscanbuild import command_entry_point, compiler_wrapper, \
wrapper_environment, run_command, run_build
from libscanbuild import duplicate_check
from libscanbuild.compilation import split_command
from libscanbuild.arguments import parse_args_for_intercept_build
from import encode, decode
__all__ = ['capture', 'intercept_build', 'intercept_compiler_wrapper']
GS = chr(0x1d)
RS = chr(0x1e)
US = chr(0x1f)
COMPILER_WRAPPER_CC = 'intercept-cc'
COMPILER_WRAPPER_CXX = 'intercept-c++'
TRACE_FILE_EXTENSION = '.cmd' # same as in ear.c
WRAPPER_ONLY_PLATFORMS = frozenset({'win32', 'cygwin'})
def intercept_build():
""" Entry point for 'intercept-build' command. """
args = parse_args_for_intercept_build()
return capture(args)
def capture(args):
""" The entry point of build command interception. """
def post_processing(commands):
""" To make a compilation database, it needs to filter out commands
which are not compiler calls. Needs to find the source file name
from the arguments. And do shell escaping on the command.
To support incremental builds, it is desired to read elements from
an existing compilation database from a previous run. These elements
shall be merged with the new elements. """
# create entries from the current run
current = itertools.chain.from_iterable(
# creates a sequence of entry generators from an exec,
format_entry(command) for command in commands)
# read entries from previous run
if 'append' in args and args.append and os.path.isfile(args.cdb):
with open(args.cdb) as handle:
previous = iter(json.load(handle))
previous = iter([])
# filter out duplicate entries from both
duplicate = duplicate_check(entry_hash)
return (entry
for entry in itertools.chain(previous, current)
if os.path.exists(entry['file']) and not duplicate(entry))
with TemporaryDirectory(prefix='intercept-') as tmp_dir:
# run the build command
environment = setup_environment(args, tmp_dir)
exit_code = run_build(, env=environment)
# read the intercepted exec calls
exec_traces = itertools.chain.from_iterable(
parse_exec_trace(os.path.join(tmp_dir, filename))
for filename in sorted(glob.iglob(os.path.join(tmp_dir, '*.cmd'))))
# do post processing
entries = post_processing(exec_traces)
# dump the compilation database
with open(args.cdb, 'w+') as handle:
json.dump(list(entries), handle, sort_keys=True, indent=4)
return exit_code
def setup_environment(args, destination):
""" Sets up the environment for the build command.
It sets the required environment variables and execute the given command.
The exec calls will be logged by the 'libear' preloaded library or by the
'wrapper' programs. """
c_compiler = if 'cc' in args else 'cc'
cxx_compiler = args.cxx if 'cxx' in args else 'c++'
libear_path = None if args.override_compiler or is_preload_disabled(
sys.platform) else build_libear(c_compiler, destination)
environment = dict(os.environ)
environment.update({'INTERCEPT_BUILD_TARGET_DIR': destination})
if not libear_path:
logging.debug('intercept gonna use compiler wrappers')
elif sys.platform == 'darwin':
logging.debug('intercept gonna preload libear on OSX')
logging.debug('intercept gonna preload libear on UNIX')
environment.update({'LD_PRELOAD': libear_path})
return environment
def intercept_compiler_wrapper():
""" Entry point for `intercept-cc` and `intercept-c++`. """
return compiler_wrapper(intercept_compiler_wrapper_impl)
def intercept_compiler_wrapper_impl(_, execution):
""" Implement intercept compiler wrapper functionality.
It does generate execution report into target directory.
The target directory name is from environment variables. """
message_prefix = 'execution report might be incomplete: %s'
target_dir = os.getenv('INTERCEPT_BUILD_TARGET_DIR')
if not target_dir:
logging.warning(message_prefix, 'missing target directory')
# write current execution info to the pid file
target_file_name = str(os.getpid()) + TRACE_FILE_EXTENSION
target_file = os.path.join(target_dir, target_file_name)
logging.debug('writing execution report to: %s', target_file)
write_exec_trace(target_file, execution)
except IOError:
logging.warning(message_prefix, 'io problem')
def write_exec_trace(filename, entry):
""" Write execution report file.
This method shall be sync with the execution report writer in interception
library. The entry in the file is a JSON objects.
:param filename: path to the output execution trace file,
:param entry: the Execution object to append to that file. """
with open(filename, 'ab') as handler:
pid = str(
command = US.join(entry.cmd) + US
content = RS.join([pid, pid, 'wrapper', entry.cwd, command]) + GS
def parse_exec_trace(filename):
""" Parse the file generated by the 'libear' preloaded library.
Given filename points to a file which contains the basic report
generated by the interception library or wrapper command. A single
report file _might_ contain multiple process creation info. """
logging.debug('parse exec trace file: %s', filename)
with open(filename, 'r') as handler:
content =
for group in filter(bool, content.split(GS)):
records = group.split(RS)
yield {
'pid': records[0],
'ppid': records[1],
'function': records[2],
'directory': records[3],
'command': records[4].split(US)[:-1]
def format_entry(exec_trace):
""" Generate the desired fields for compilation database entries. """
def abspath(cwd, name):
""" Create normalized absolute path from input filename. """
fullname = name if os.path.isabs(name) else os.path.join(cwd, name)
return os.path.normpath(fullname)
logging.debug('format this command: %s', exec_trace['command'])
compilation = split_command(exec_trace['command'])
if compilation:
for source in compilation.files:
compiler = 'c++' if compilation.compiler == 'c++' else 'cc'
command = [compiler, '-c'] + compilation.flags + [source]
logging.debug('formated as: %s', command)
yield {
'directory': exec_trace['directory'],
'command': encode(command),
'file': abspath(exec_trace['directory'], source)
def is_preload_disabled(platform):
""" Library-based interposition will fail silently if SIP is enabled,
so this should be detected. You can detect whether SIP is enabled on
Darwin by checking whether (1) there is a binary called 'csrutil' in
the path and, if so, (2) whether the output of executing 'csrutil status'
contains 'System Integrity Protection status: enabled'.
:param platform: name of the platform (returned by sys.platform),
:return: True if library preload will fail by the dynamic linker. """
return True
elif platform == 'darwin':
command = ['csrutil', 'status']
pattern = re.compile(r'System Integrity Protection status:\s+enabled')
return any(pattern.match(line) for line in run_command(command))
return False
return False
def entry_hash(entry):
""" Implement unique hash method for compilation database entries. """
# For faster lookup in set filename is reverted
filename = entry['file'][::-1]
# For faster lookup in set directory is reverted
directory = entry['directory'][::-1]
# On OS X the 'cc' and 'c++' compilers are wrappers for
# 'clang' therefore both call would be logged. To avoid
# this the hash does not contain the first word of the
# command.
command = ' '.join(decode(entry['command'])[1:])
return '<>'.join([filename, directory, command])