blob: 4475807dfce9ac7f49669a5da400e071d08da69c [file] [log] [blame]
//===- DirectoryWatcher.h - Listens for directory file changes --*- C++ -*-===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
#include "llvm/ADT/ArrayRef.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Error.h"
#include <functional>
#include <memory>
#include <string>
namespace clang {
/// Provides notifications for file changes in a directory.
/// Invokes client-provided function on every filesystem event in the watched
/// directory. Initially the the watched directory is scanned and for every file
/// found, an event is synthesized as if the file was added.
/// This is not a general purpose directory monitoring tool - list of
/// limitations follows.
/// Only flat directories with no subdirectories are supported. In case
/// subdirectories are present the behavior is unspecified - events *might* be
/// passed to Receiver on macOS (due to FSEvents being used) while they
/// *probably* won't be passed on Linux (due to inotify being used).
/// Known potential inconsistencies
/// - For files that are deleted befor the initial scan processed them, clients
/// might receive Removed notification without any prior Added notification.
/// - Multiple notifications might be produced when a file is added to the
/// watched directory during the initial scan. We are choosing the lesser evil
/// here as the only known alternative strategy would be to invalidate the
/// watcher instance and force user to create a new one whenever filesystem
/// event occurs during the initial scan but that would introduce continuous
/// restarting failure mode (watched directory is not always "owned" by the same
/// process that is consuming it). Since existing clients can handle duplicate
/// events well, we decided for simplicity.
/// Notifications are provided only for changes done through local user-space
/// filesystem interface. Specifically, it's unspecified if notification would
/// be provided in case of a:
/// - a file mmap-ed and changed
/// - a file changed via remote (NFS) or virtual (/proc) FS access to monitored
/// directory
/// - another filesystem mounted to the watched directory
/// No support for LLVM VFS.
/// It is unspecified whether notifications for files being deleted are sent in
/// case the whole watched directory is sent.
/// Directories containing "too many" files and/or receiving events "too
/// frequently" are not supported - if the initial scan can't be finished before
/// the watcher instance gets invalidated (see WatcherGotInvalidated) there's no
/// good error handling strategy - the only option for client is to destroy the
/// watcher, restart watching with new instance and hope it won't repeat.
class DirectoryWatcher {
struct Event {
enum class EventKind {
/// Content of a file was modified.
/// The watched directory got deleted.
/// The DirectoryWatcher that originated this event is no longer valid and
/// its behavior is unspecified.
/// The prime case is kernel signalling to OS-specific implementation of
/// DirectoryWatcher some resource limit being hit.
/// *Usually* kernel starts dropping or squashing events together after
/// that and so would DirectoryWatcher. This means that *some* events
/// might still be passed to Receiver but this behavior is unspecified.
/// Another case is after the watched directory itself is deleted.
/// WatcherGotInvalidated will be received at least once during
/// DirectoryWatcher instance lifetime - when handling errors this is done
/// on best effort basis, when an instance is being destroyed then this is
/// guaranteed.
/// The only proper response to this kind of event is to destruct the
/// originating DirectoryWatcher instance and create a new one.
EventKind Kind;
/// Filename that this event is related to or an empty string in
/// case this event is related to the watched directory itself.
std::string Filename;
Event(EventKind Kind, llvm::StringRef Filename)
: Kind(Kind), Filename(Filename) {}
/// llvm fatal_error if \param Path doesn't exist or isn't a directory.
/// Returns llvm::Expected Error if OS kernel API told us we can't start
/// watching. In such case it's unclear whether just retrying has any chance
/// to succeed.
static llvm::Expected<std::unique_ptr<DirectoryWatcher>>
create(llvm::StringRef Path,
std::function<void(llvm::ArrayRef<DirectoryWatcher::Event> Events,
bool IsInitial)>
bool WaitForInitialSync);
virtual ~DirectoryWatcher() = default;
DirectoryWatcher(const DirectoryWatcher &) = delete;
DirectoryWatcher &operator=(const DirectoryWatcher &) = delete;
DirectoryWatcher(DirectoryWatcher &&) = default;
DirectoryWatcher() = default;
} // namespace clang