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//===--- SemaCUDA.cpp - Semantic Analysis for CUDA constructs -------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// \file
/// This file implements semantic analysis for CUDA constructs.
///
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
#include "clang/AST/ASTContext.h"
#include "clang/AST/Decl.h"
#include "clang/AST/ExprCXX.h"
#include "clang/Basic/Cuda.h"
#include "clang/Basic/TargetInfo.h"
#include "clang/Lex/Preprocessor.h"
#include "clang/Sema/Lookup.h"
#include "clang/Sema/ScopeInfo.h"
#include "clang/Sema/Sema.h"
#include "clang/Sema/SemaDiagnostic.h"
#include "clang/Sema/SemaInternal.h"
#include "clang/Sema/Template.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Optional.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
using namespace clang;
template <typename AttrT> static bool hasExplicitAttr(const VarDecl *D) {
if (!D)
return false;
if (auto *A = D->getAttr<AttrT>())
return !A->isImplicit();
return false;
}
void Sema::PushForceCUDAHostDevice() {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
ForceCUDAHostDeviceDepth++;
}
bool Sema::PopForceCUDAHostDevice() {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
if (ForceCUDAHostDeviceDepth == 0)
return false;
ForceCUDAHostDeviceDepth--;
return true;
}
ExprResult Sema::ActOnCUDAExecConfigExpr(Scope *S, SourceLocation LLLLoc,
MultiExprArg ExecConfig,
SourceLocation GGGLoc) {
FunctionDecl *ConfigDecl = Context.getcudaConfigureCallDecl();
if (!ConfigDecl)
return ExprError(Diag(LLLLoc, diag::err_undeclared_var_use)
<< getCudaConfigureFuncName());
QualType ConfigQTy = ConfigDecl->getType();
DeclRefExpr *ConfigDR = new (Context)
DeclRefExpr(Context, ConfigDecl, false, ConfigQTy, VK_LValue, LLLLoc);
MarkFunctionReferenced(LLLLoc, ConfigDecl);
return BuildCallExpr(S, ConfigDR, LLLLoc, ExecConfig, GGGLoc, nullptr,
/*IsExecConfig=*/true);
}
Sema::CUDAFunctionTarget
Sema::IdentifyCUDATarget(const ParsedAttributesView &Attrs) {
bool HasHostAttr = false;
bool HasDeviceAttr = false;
bool HasGlobalAttr = false;
bool HasInvalidTargetAttr = false;
for (const ParsedAttr &AL : Attrs) {
switch (AL.getKind()) {
case ParsedAttr::AT_CUDAGlobal:
HasGlobalAttr = true;
break;
case ParsedAttr::AT_CUDAHost:
HasHostAttr = true;
break;
case ParsedAttr::AT_CUDADevice:
HasDeviceAttr = true;
break;
case ParsedAttr::AT_CUDAInvalidTarget:
HasInvalidTargetAttr = true;
break;
default:
break;
}
}
if (HasInvalidTargetAttr)
return CFT_InvalidTarget;
if (HasGlobalAttr)
return CFT_Global;
if (HasHostAttr && HasDeviceAttr)
return CFT_HostDevice;
if (HasDeviceAttr)
return CFT_Device;
return CFT_Host;
}
template <typename A>
static bool hasAttr(const FunctionDecl *D, bool IgnoreImplicitAttr) {
return D->hasAttrs() && llvm::any_of(D->getAttrs(), [&](Attr *Attribute) {
return isa<A>(Attribute) &&
!(IgnoreImplicitAttr && Attribute->isImplicit());
});
}
/// IdentifyCUDATarget - Determine the CUDA compilation target for this function
Sema::CUDAFunctionTarget Sema::IdentifyCUDATarget(const FunctionDecl *D,
bool IgnoreImplicitHDAttr) {
// Code that lives outside a function is run on the host.
if (D == nullptr)
return CFT_Host;
if (D->hasAttr<CUDAInvalidTargetAttr>())
return CFT_InvalidTarget;
if (D->hasAttr<CUDAGlobalAttr>())
return CFT_Global;
if (hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>(D, IgnoreImplicitHDAttr)) {
if (hasAttr<CUDAHostAttr>(D, IgnoreImplicitHDAttr))
return CFT_HostDevice;
return CFT_Device;
} else if (hasAttr<CUDAHostAttr>(D, IgnoreImplicitHDAttr)) {
return CFT_Host;
} else if ((D->isImplicit() || !D->isUserProvided()) &&
!IgnoreImplicitHDAttr) {
// Some implicit declarations (like intrinsic functions) are not marked.
// Set the most lenient target on them for maximal flexibility.
return CFT_HostDevice;
}
return CFT_Host;
}
/// IdentifyTarget - Determine the CUDA compilation target for this variable.
Sema::CUDAVariableTarget Sema::IdentifyCUDATarget(const VarDecl *Var) {
if (Var->hasAttr<HIPManagedAttr>())
return CVT_Unified;
// Only constexpr and const variabless with implicit constant attribute
// are emitted on both sides. Such variables are promoted to device side
// only if they have static constant intializers on device side.
if ((Var->isConstexpr() || Var->getType().isConstQualified()) &&
Var->hasAttr<CUDAConstantAttr>() &&
!hasExplicitAttr<CUDAConstantAttr>(Var))
return CVT_Both;
if (Var->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>() || Var->hasAttr<CUDAConstantAttr>() ||
Var->hasAttr<CUDASharedAttr>() ||
Var->getType()->isCUDADeviceBuiltinSurfaceType() ||
Var->getType()->isCUDADeviceBuiltinTextureType())
return CVT_Device;
// Function-scope static variable without explicit device or constant
// attribute are emitted
// - on both sides in host device functions
// - on device side in device or global functions
if (auto *FD = dyn_cast<FunctionDecl>(Var->getDeclContext())) {
switch (IdentifyCUDATarget(FD)) {
case CFT_HostDevice:
return CVT_Both;
case CFT_Device:
case CFT_Global:
return CVT_Device;
default:
return CVT_Host;
}
}
return CVT_Host;
}
// * CUDA Call preference table
//
// F - from,
// T - to
// Ph - preference in host mode
// Pd - preference in device mode
// H - handled in (x)
// Preferences: N:native, SS:same side, HD:host-device, WS:wrong side, --:never.
//
// | F | T | Ph | Pd | H |
// |----+----+-----+-----+-----+
// | d | d | N | N | (c) |
// | d | g | -- | -- | (a) |
// | d | h | -- | -- | (e) |
// | d | hd | HD | HD | (b) |
// | g | d | N | N | (c) |
// | g | g | -- | -- | (a) |
// | g | h | -- | -- | (e) |
// | g | hd | HD | HD | (b) |
// | h | d | -- | -- | (e) |
// | h | g | N | N | (c) |
// | h | h | N | N | (c) |
// | h | hd | HD | HD | (b) |
// | hd | d | WS | SS | (d) |
// | hd | g | SS | -- |(d/a)|
// | hd | h | SS | WS | (d) |
// | hd | hd | HD | HD | (b) |
Sema::CUDAFunctionPreference
Sema::IdentifyCUDAPreference(const FunctionDecl *Caller,
const FunctionDecl *Callee) {
assert(Callee && "Callee must be valid.");
CUDAFunctionTarget CallerTarget = IdentifyCUDATarget(Caller);
CUDAFunctionTarget CalleeTarget = IdentifyCUDATarget(Callee);
// If one of the targets is invalid, the check always fails, no matter what
// the other target is.
if (CallerTarget == CFT_InvalidTarget || CalleeTarget == CFT_InvalidTarget)
return CFP_Never;
// (a) Can't call global from some contexts until we support CUDA's
// dynamic parallelism.
if (CalleeTarget == CFT_Global &&
(CallerTarget == CFT_Global || CallerTarget == CFT_Device))
return CFP_Never;
// (b) Calling HostDevice is OK for everyone.
if (CalleeTarget == CFT_HostDevice)
return CFP_HostDevice;
// (c) Best case scenarios
if (CalleeTarget == CallerTarget ||
(CallerTarget == CFT_Host && CalleeTarget == CFT_Global) ||
(CallerTarget == CFT_Global && CalleeTarget == CFT_Device))
return CFP_Native;
// (d) HostDevice behavior depends on compilation mode.
if (CallerTarget == CFT_HostDevice) {
// It's OK to call a compilation-mode matching function from an HD one.
if ((getLangOpts().CUDAIsDevice && CalleeTarget == CFT_Device) ||
(!getLangOpts().CUDAIsDevice &&
(CalleeTarget == CFT_Host || CalleeTarget == CFT_Global)))
return CFP_SameSide;
// Calls from HD to non-mode-matching functions (i.e., to host functions
// when compiling in device mode or to device functions when compiling in
// host mode) are allowed at the sema level, but eventually rejected if
// they're ever codegened. TODO: Reject said calls earlier.
return CFP_WrongSide;
}
// (e) Calling across device/host boundary is not something you should do.
if ((CallerTarget == CFT_Host && CalleeTarget == CFT_Device) ||
(CallerTarget == CFT_Device && CalleeTarget == CFT_Host) ||
(CallerTarget == CFT_Global && CalleeTarget == CFT_Host))
return CFP_Never;
llvm_unreachable("All cases should've been handled by now.");
}
template <typename AttrT> static bool hasImplicitAttr(const FunctionDecl *D) {
if (!D)
return false;
if (auto *A = D->getAttr<AttrT>())
return A->isImplicit();
return D->isImplicit();
}
bool Sema::isCUDAImplicitHostDeviceFunction(const FunctionDecl *D) {
bool IsImplicitDevAttr = hasImplicitAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>(D);
bool IsImplicitHostAttr = hasImplicitAttr<CUDAHostAttr>(D);
return IsImplicitDevAttr && IsImplicitHostAttr;
}
void Sema::EraseUnwantedCUDAMatches(
const FunctionDecl *Caller,
SmallVectorImpl<std::pair<DeclAccessPair, FunctionDecl *>> &Matches) {
if (Matches.size() <= 1)
return;
using Pair = std::pair<DeclAccessPair, FunctionDecl*>;
// Gets the CUDA function preference for a call from Caller to Match.
auto GetCFP = [&](const Pair &Match) {
return IdentifyCUDAPreference(Caller, Match.second);
};
// Find the best call preference among the functions in Matches.
CUDAFunctionPreference BestCFP = GetCFP(*std::max_element(
Matches.begin(), Matches.end(),
[&](const Pair &M1, const Pair &M2) { return GetCFP(M1) < GetCFP(M2); }));
// Erase all functions with lower priority.
llvm::erase_if(Matches,
[&](const Pair &Match) { return GetCFP(Match) < BestCFP; });
}
/// When an implicitly-declared special member has to invoke more than one
/// base/field special member, conflicts may occur in the targets of these
/// members. For example, if one base's member __host__ and another's is
/// __device__, it's a conflict.
/// This function figures out if the given targets \param Target1 and
/// \param Target2 conflict, and if they do not it fills in
/// \param ResolvedTarget with a target that resolves for both calls.
/// \return true if there's a conflict, false otherwise.
static bool
resolveCalleeCUDATargetConflict(Sema::CUDAFunctionTarget Target1,
Sema::CUDAFunctionTarget Target2,
Sema::CUDAFunctionTarget *ResolvedTarget) {
// Only free functions and static member functions may be global.
assert(Target1 != Sema::CFT_Global);
assert(Target2 != Sema::CFT_Global);
if (Target1 == Sema::CFT_HostDevice) {
*ResolvedTarget = Target2;
} else if (Target2 == Sema::CFT_HostDevice) {
*ResolvedTarget = Target1;
} else if (Target1 != Target2) {
return true;
} else {
*ResolvedTarget = Target1;
}
return false;
}
bool Sema::inferCUDATargetForImplicitSpecialMember(CXXRecordDecl *ClassDecl,
CXXSpecialMember CSM,
CXXMethodDecl *MemberDecl,
bool ConstRHS,
bool Diagnose) {
// If the defaulted special member is defined lexically outside of its
// owning class, or the special member already has explicit device or host
// attributes, do not infer.
bool InClass = MemberDecl->getLexicalParent() == MemberDecl->getParent();
bool HasH = MemberDecl->hasAttr<CUDAHostAttr>();
bool HasD = MemberDecl->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>();
bool HasExplicitAttr =
(HasD && !MemberDecl->getAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>()->isImplicit()) ||
(HasH && !MemberDecl->getAttr<CUDAHostAttr>()->isImplicit());
if (!InClass || HasExplicitAttr)
return false;
llvm::Optional<CUDAFunctionTarget> InferredTarget;
// We're going to invoke special member lookup; mark that these special
// members are called from this one, and not from its caller.
ContextRAII MethodContext(*this, MemberDecl);
// Look for special members in base classes that should be invoked from here.
// Infer the target of this member base on the ones it should call.
// Skip direct and indirect virtual bases for abstract classes.
llvm::SmallVector<const CXXBaseSpecifier *, 16> Bases;
for (const auto &B : ClassDecl->bases()) {
if (!B.isVirtual()) {
Bases.push_back(&B);
}
}
if (!ClassDecl->isAbstract()) {
llvm::append_range(Bases, llvm::make_pointer_range(ClassDecl->vbases()));
}
for (const auto *B : Bases) {
const RecordType *BaseType = B->getType()->getAs<RecordType>();
if (!BaseType) {
continue;
}
CXXRecordDecl *BaseClassDecl = cast<CXXRecordDecl>(BaseType->getDecl());
Sema::SpecialMemberOverloadResult SMOR =
LookupSpecialMember(BaseClassDecl, CSM,
/* ConstArg */ ConstRHS,
/* VolatileArg */ false,
/* RValueThis */ false,
/* ConstThis */ false,
/* VolatileThis */ false);
if (!SMOR.getMethod())
continue;
CUDAFunctionTarget BaseMethodTarget = IdentifyCUDATarget(SMOR.getMethod());
if (!InferredTarget) {
InferredTarget = BaseMethodTarget;
} else {
bool ResolutionError = resolveCalleeCUDATargetConflict(
InferredTarget.getValue(), BaseMethodTarget,
InferredTarget.getPointer());
if (ResolutionError) {
if (Diagnose) {
Diag(ClassDecl->getLocation(),
diag::note_implicit_member_target_infer_collision)
<< (unsigned)CSM << InferredTarget.getValue() << BaseMethodTarget;
}
MemberDecl->addAttr(CUDAInvalidTargetAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
return true;
}
}
}
// Same as for bases, but now for special members of fields.
for (const auto *F : ClassDecl->fields()) {
if (F->isInvalidDecl()) {
continue;
}
const RecordType *FieldType =
Context.getBaseElementType(F->getType())->getAs<RecordType>();
if (!FieldType) {
continue;
}
CXXRecordDecl *FieldRecDecl = cast<CXXRecordDecl>(FieldType->getDecl());
Sema::SpecialMemberOverloadResult SMOR =
LookupSpecialMember(FieldRecDecl, CSM,
/* ConstArg */ ConstRHS && !F->isMutable(),
/* VolatileArg */ false,
/* RValueThis */ false,
/* ConstThis */ false,
/* VolatileThis */ false);
if (!SMOR.getMethod())
continue;
CUDAFunctionTarget FieldMethodTarget =
IdentifyCUDATarget(SMOR.getMethod());
if (!InferredTarget) {
InferredTarget = FieldMethodTarget;
} else {
bool ResolutionError = resolveCalleeCUDATargetConflict(
InferredTarget.getValue(), FieldMethodTarget,
InferredTarget.getPointer());
if (ResolutionError) {
if (Diagnose) {
Diag(ClassDecl->getLocation(),
diag::note_implicit_member_target_infer_collision)
<< (unsigned)CSM << InferredTarget.getValue()
<< FieldMethodTarget;
}
MemberDecl->addAttr(CUDAInvalidTargetAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
return true;
}
}
}
// If no target was inferred, mark this member as __host__ __device__;
// it's the least restrictive option that can be invoked from any target.
bool NeedsH = true, NeedsD = true;
if (InferredTarget) {
if (InferredTarget.getValue() == CFT_Device)
NeedsH = false;
else if (InferredTarget.getValue() == CFT_Host)
NeedsD = false;
}
// We either setting attributes first time, or the inferred ones must match
// previously set ones.
if (NeedsD && !HasD)
MemberDecl->addAttr(CUDADeviceAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
if (NeedsH && !HasH)
MemberDecl->addAttr(CUDAHostAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
return false;
}
bool Sema::isEmptyCudaConstructor(SourceLocation Loc, CXXConstructorDecl *CD) {
if (!CD->isDefined() && CD->isTemplateInstantiation())
InstantiateFunctionDefinition(Loc, CD->getFirstDecl());
// (E.2.3.1, CUDA 7.5) A constructor for a class type is considered
// empty at a point in the translation unit, if it is either a
// trivial constructor
if (CD->isTrivial())
return true;
// ... or it satisfies all of the following conditions:
// The constructor function has been defined.
// The constructor function has no parameters,
// and the function body is an empty compound statement.
if (!(CD->hasTrivialBody() && CD->getNumParams() == 0))
return false;
// Its class has no virtual functions and no virtual base classes.
if (CD->getParent()->isDynamicClass())
return false;
// Union ctor does not call ctors of its data members.
if (CD->getParent()->isUnion())
return true;
// The only form of initializer allowed is an empty constructor.
// This will recursively check all base classes and member initializers
if (!llvm::all_of(CD->inits(), [&](const CXXCtorInitializer *CI) {
if (const CXXConstructExpr *CE =
dyn_cast<CXXConstructExpr>(CI->getInit()))
return isEmptyCudaConstructor(Loc, CE->getConstructor());
return false;
}))
return false;
return true;
}
bool Sema::isEmptyCudaDestructor(SourceLocation Loc, CXXDestructorDecl *DD) {
// No destructor -> no problem.
if (!DD)
return true;
if (!DD->isDefined() && DD->isTemplateInstantiation())
InstantiateFunctionDefinition(Loc, DD->getFirstDecl());
// (E.2.3.1, CUDA 7.5) A destructor for a class type is considered
// empty at a point in the translation unit, if it is either a
// trivial constructor
if (DD->isTrivial())
return true;
// ... or it satisfies all of the following conditions:
// The destructor function has been defined.
// and the function body is an empty compound statement.
if (!DD->hasTrivialBody())
return false;
const CXXRecordDecl *ClassDecl = DD->getParent();
// Its class has no virtual functions and no virtual base classes.
if (ClassDecl->isDynamicClass())
return false;
// Union does not have base class and union dtor does not call dtors of its
// data members.
if (DD->getParent()->isUnion())
return true;
// Only empty destructors are allowed. This will recursively check
// destructors for all base classes...
if (!llvm::all_of(ClassDecl->bases(), [&](const CXXBaseSpecifier &BS) {
if (CXXRecordDecl *RD = BS.getType()->getAsCXXRecordDecl())
return isEmptyCudaDestructor(Loc, RD->getDestructor());
return true;
}))
return false;
// ... and member fields.
if (!llvm::all_of(ClassDecl->fields(), [&](const FieldDecl *Field) {
if (CXXRecordDecl *RD = Field->getType()
->getBaseElementTypeUnsafe()
->getAsCXXRecordDecl())
return isEmptyCudaDestructor(Loc, RD->getDestructor());
return true;
}))
return false;
return true;
}
namespace {
enum CUDAInitializerCheckKind {
CICK_DeviceOrConstant, // Check initializer for device/constant variable
CICK_Shared, // Check initializer for shared variable
};
bool IsDependentVar(VarDecl *VD) {
if (VD->getType()->isDependentType())
return true;
if (const auto *Init = VD->getInit())
return Init->isValueDependent();
return false;
}
// Check whether a variable has an allowed initializer for a CUDA device side
// variable with global storage. \p VD may be a host variable to be checked for
// potential promotion to device side variable.
//
// CUDA/HIP allows only empty constructors as initializers for global
// variables (see E.2.3.1, CUDA 7.5). The same restriction also applies to all
// __shared__ variables whether they are local or not (they all are implicitly
// static in CUDA). One exception is that CUDA allows constant initializers
// for __constant__ and __device__ variables.
bool HasAllowedCUDADeviceStaticInitializer(Sema &S, VarDecl *VD,
CUDAInitializerCheckKind CheckKind) {
assert(!VD->isInvalidDecl() && VD->hasGlobalStorage());
assert(!IsDependentVar(VD) && "do not check dependent var");
const Expr *Init = VD->getInit();
auto IsEmptyInit = [&](const Expr *Init) {
if (!Init)
return true;
if (const auto *CE = dyn_cast<CXXConstructExpr>(Init)) {
return S.isEmptyCudaConstructor(VD->getLocation(), CE->getConstructor());
}
return false;
};
auto IsConstantInit = [&](const Expr *Init) {
assert(Init);
ASTContext::CUDAConstantEvalContextRAII EvalCtx(S.Context,
/*NoWronSidedVars=*/true);
return Init->isConstantInitializer(S.Context,
VD->getType()->isReferenceType());
};
auto HasEmptyDtor = [&](VarDecl *VD) {
if (const auto *RD = VD->getType()->getAsCXXRecordDecl())
return S.isEmptyCudaDestructor(VD->getLocation(), RD->getDestructor());
return true;
};
if (CheckKind == CICK_Shared)
return IsEmptyInit(Init) && HasEmptyDtor(VD);
return S.LangOpts.GPUAllowDeviceInit ||
((IsEmptyInit(Init) || IsConstantInit(Init)) && HasEmptyDtor(VD));
}
} // namespace
void Sema::checkAllowedCUDAInitializer(VarDecl *VD) {
// Do not check dependent variables since the ctor/dtor/initializer are not
// determined. Do it after instantiation.
if (VD->isInvalidDecl() || !VD->hasInit() || !VD->hasGlobalStorage() ||
IsDependentVar(VD))
return;
const Expr *Init = VD->getInit();
bool IsSharedVar = VD->hasAttr<CUDASharedAttr>();
bool IsDeviceOrConstantVar =
!IsSharedVar &&
(VD->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>() || VD->hasAttr<CUDAConstantAttr>());
if (IsDeviceOrConstantVar || IsSharedVar) {
if (HasAllowedCUDADeviceStaticInitializer(
*this, VD, IsSharedVar ? CICK_Shared : CICK_DeviceOrConstant))
return;
Diag(VD->getLocation(),
IsSharedVar ? diag::err_shared_var_init : diag::err_dynamic_var_init)
<< Init->getSourceRange();
VD->setInvalidDecl();
} else {
// This is a host-side global variable. Check that the initializer is
// callable from the host side.
const FunctionDecl *InitFn = nullptr;
if (const CXXConstructExpr *CE = dyn_cast<CXXConstructExpr>(Init)) {
InitFn = CE->getConstructor();
} else if (const CallExpr *CE = dyn_cast<CallExpr>(Init)) {
InitFn = CE->getDirectCallee();
}
if (InitFn) {
CUDAFunctionTarget InitFnTarget = IdentifyCUDATarget(InitFn);
if (InitFnTarget != CFT_Host && InitFnTarget != CFT_HostDevice) {
Diag(VD->getLocation(), diag::err_ref_bad_target_global_initializer)
<< InitFnTarget << InitFn;
Diag(InitFn->getLocation(), diag::note_previous_decl) << InitFn;
VD->setInvalidDecl();
}
}
}
}
// With -fcuda-host-device-constexpr, an unattributed constexpr function is
// treated as implicitly __host__ __device__, unless:
// * it is a variadic function (device-side variadic functions are not
// allowed), or
// * a __device__ function with this signature was already declared, in which
// case in which case we output an error, unless the __device__ decl is in a
// system header, in which case we leave the constexpr function unattributed.
//
// In addition, all function decls are treated as __host__ __device__ when
// ForceCUDAHostDeviceDepth > 0 (corresponding to code within a
// #pragma clang force_cuda_host_device_begin/end
// pair).
void Sema::maybeAddCUDAHostDeviceAttrs(FunctionDecl *NewD,
const LookupResult &Previous) {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
if (ForceCUDAHostDeviceDepth > 0) {
if (!NewD->hasAttr<CUDAHostAttr>())
NewD->addAttr(CUDAHostAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
if (!NewD->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>())
NewD->addAttr(CUDADeviceAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
return;
}
if (!getLangOpts().CUDAHostDeviceConstexpr || !NewD->isConstexpr() ||
NewD->isVariadic() || NewD->hasAttr<CUDAHostAttr>() ||
NewD->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>() || NewD->hasAttr<CUDAGlobalAttr>())
return;
// Is D a __device__ function with the same signature as NewD, ignoring CUDA
// attributes?
auto IsMatchingDeviceFn = [&](NamedDecl *D) {
if (UsingShadowDecl *Using = dyn_cast<UsingShadowDecl>(D))
D = Using->getTargetDecl();
FunctionDecl *OldD = D->getAsFunction();
return OldD && OldD->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>() &&
!OldD->hasAttr<CUDAHostAttr>() &&
!IsOverload(NewD, OldD, /* UseMemberUsingDeclRules = */ false,
/* ConsiderCudaAttrs = */ false);
};
auto It = llvm::find_if(Previous, IsMatchingDeviceFn);
if (It != Previous.end()) {
// We found a __device__ function with the same name and signature as NewD
// (ignoring CUDA attrs). This is an error unless that function is defined
// in a system header, in which case we simply return without making NewD
// host+device.
NamedDecl *Match = *It;
if (!getSourceManager().isInSystemHeader(Match->getLocation())) {
Diag(NewD->getLocation(),
diag::err_cuda_unattributed_constexpr_cannot_overload_device)
<< NewD;
Diag(Match->getLocation(),
diag::note_cuda_conflicting_device_function_declared_here);
}
return;
}
NewD->addAttr(CUDAHostAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
NewD->addAttr(CUDADeviceAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
}
// TODO: `__constant__` memory may be a limited resource for certain targets.
// A safeguard may be needed at the end of compilation pipeline if
// `__constant__` memory usage goes beyond limit.
void Sema::MaybeAddCUDAConstantAttr(VarDecl *VD) {
// Do not promote dependent variables since the cotr/dtor/initializer are
// not determined. Do it after instantiation.
if (getLangOpts().CUDAIsDevice && !VD->hasAttr<CUDAConstantAttr>() &&
!VD->hasAttr<CUDAConstantAttr>() && !VD->hasAttr<CUDASharedAttr>() &&
(VD->isFileVarDecl() || VD->isStaticDataMember()) &&
!IsDependentVar(VD) &&
((VD->isConstexpr() || VD->getType().isConstQualified()) &&
HasAllowedCUDADeviceStaticInitializer(*this, VD,
CICK_DeviceOrConstant))) {
VD->addAttr(CUDAConstantAttr::CreateImplicit(getASTContext()));
}
}
Sema::SemaDiagnosticBuilder Sema::CUDADiagIfDeviceCode(SourceLocation Loc,
unsigned DiagID) {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
FunctionDecl *CurFunContext = getCurFunctionDecl(/*AllowLambda=*/true);
SemaDiagnosticBuilder::Kind DiagKind = [&] {
if (!CurFunContext)
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop;
switch (CurrentCUDATarget()) {
case CFT_Global:
case CFT_Device:
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Immediate;
case CFT_HostDevice:
// An HD function counts as host code if we're compiling for host, and
// device code if we're compiling for device. Defer any errors in device
// mode until the function is known-emitted.
if (!getLangOpts().CUDAIsDevice)
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop;
if (IsLastErrorImmediate && Diags.getDiagnosticIDs()->isBuiltinNote(DiagID))
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Immediate;
return (getEmissionStatus(CurFunContext) ==
FunctionEmissionStatus::Emitted)
? SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_ImmediateWithCallStack
: SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Deferred;
default:
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop;
}
}();
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder(DiagKind, Loc, DiagID, CurFunContext, *this);
}
Sema::SemaDiagnosticBuilder Sema::CUDADiagIfHostCode(SourceLocation Loc,
unsigned DiagID) {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
FunctionDecl *CurFunContext = getCurFunctionDecl(/*AllowLambda=*/true);
SemaDiagnosticBuilder::Kind DiagKind = [&] {
if (!CurFunContext)
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop;
switch (CurrentCUDATarget()) {
case CFT_Host:
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Immediate;
case CFT_HostDevice:
// An HD function counts as host code if we're compiling for host, and
// device code if we're compiling for device. Defer any errors in device
// mode until the function is known-emitted.
if (getLangOpts().CUDAIsDevice)
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop;
if (IsLastErrorImmediate && Diags.getDiagnosticIDs()->isBuiltinNote(DiagID))
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Immediate;
return (getEmissionStatus(CurFunContext) ==
FunctionEmissionStatus::Emitted)
? SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_ImmediateWithCallStack
: SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Deferred;
default:
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop;
}
}();
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder(DiagKind, Loc, DiagID, CurFunContext, *this);
}
bool Sema::CheckCUDACall(SourceLocation Loc, FunctionDecl *Callee) {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
assert(Callee && "Callee may not be null.");
auto &ExprEvalCtx = ExprEvalContexts.back();
if (ExprEvalCtx.isUnevaluated() || ExprEvalCtx.isConstantEvaluated())
return true;
// FIXME: Is bailing out early correct here? Should we instead assume that
// the caller is a global initializer?
FunctionDecl *Caller = getCurFunctionDecl(/*AllowLambda=*/true);
if (!Caller)
return true;
// If the caller is known-emitted, mark the callee as known-emitted.
// Otherwise, mark the call in our call graph so we can traverse it later.
bool CallerKnownEmitted =
getEmissionStatus(Caller) == FunctionEmissionStatus::Emitted;
SemaDiagnosticBuilder::Kind DiagKind = [this, Caller, Callee,
CallerKnownEmitted] {
switch (IdentifyCUDAPreference(Caller, Callee)) {
case CFP_Never:
case CFP_WrongSide:
assert(Caller && "Never/wrongSide calls require a non-null caller");
// If we know the caller will be emitted, we know this wrong-side call
// will be emitted, so it's an immediate error. Otherwise, defer the
// error until we know the caller is emitted.
return CallerKnownEmitted
? SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_ImmediateWithCallStack
: SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Deferred;
default:
return SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop;
}
}();
if (DiagKind == SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Nop) {
// For -fgpu-rdc, keep track of external kernels used by host functions.
if (LangOpts.CUDAIsDevice && LangOpts.GPURelocatableDeviceCode &&
Callee->hasAttr<CUDAGlobalAttr>() && !Callee->isDefined())
getASTContext().CUDAExternalDeviceDeclODRUsedByHost.insert(Callee);
return true;
}
// Avoid emitting this error twice for the same location. Using a hashtable
// like this is unfortunate, but because we must continue parsing as normal
// after encountering a deferred error, it's otherwise very tricky for us to
// ensure that we only emit this deferred error once.
if (!LocsWithCUDACallDiags.insert({Caller, Loc}).second)
return true;
SemaDiagnosticBuilder(DiagKind, Loc, diag::err_ref_bad_target, Caller, *this)
<< IdentifyCUDATarget(Callee) << /*function*/ 0 << Callee
<< IdentifyCUDATarget(Caller);
if (!Callee->getBuiltinID())
SemaDiagnosticBuilder(DiagKind, Callee->getLocation(),
diag::note_previous_decl, Caller, *this)
<< Callee;
return DiagKind != SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Immediate &&
DiagKind != SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_ImmediateWithCallStack;
}
// Check the wrong-sided reference capture of lambda for CUDA/HIP.
// A lambda function may capture a stack variable by reference when it is
// defined and uses the capture by reference when the lambda is called. When
// the capture and use happen on different sides, the capture is invalid and
// should be diagnosed.
void Sema::CUDACheckLambdaCapture(CXXMethodDecl *Callee,
const sema::Capture &Capture) {
// In host compilation we only need to check lambda functions emitted on host
// side. In such lambda functions, a reference capture is invalid only
// if the lambda structure is populated by a device function or kernel then
// is passed to and called by a host function. However that is impossible,
// since a device function or kernel can only call a device function, also a
// kernel cannot pass a lambda back to a host function since we cannot
// define a kernel argument type which can hold the lambda before the lambda
// itself is defined.
if (!LangOpts.CUDAIsDevice)
return;
// File-scope lambda can only do init captures for global variables, which
// results in passing by value for these global variables.
FunctionDecl *Caller = getCurFunctionDecl(/*AllowLambda=*/true);
if (!Caller)
return;
// In device compilation, we only need to check lambda functions which are
// emitted on device side. For such lambdas, a reference capture is invalid
// only if the lambda structure is populated by a host function then passed
// to and called in a device function or kernel.
bool CalleeIsDevice = Callee->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>();
bool CallerIsHost =
!Caller->hasAttr<CUDAGlobalAttr>() && !Caller->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>();
bool ShouldCheck = CalleeIsDevice && CallerIsHost;
if (!ShouldCheck || !Capture.isReferenceCapture())
return;
auto DiagKind = SemaDiagnosticBuilder::K_Deferred;
if (Capture.isVariableCapture()) {
SemaDiagnosticBuilder(DiagKind, Capture.getLocation(),
diag::err_capture_bad_target, Callee, *this)
<< Capture.getVariable();
} else if (Capture.isThisCapture()) {
// Capture of this pointer is allowed since this pointer may be pointing to
// managed memory which is accessible on both device and host sides. It only
// results in invalid memory access if this pointer points to memory not
// accessible on device side.
SemaDiagnosticBuilder(DiagKind, Capture.getLocation(),
diag::warn_maybe_capture_bad_target_this_ptr, Callee,
*this);
}
}
void Sema::CUDASetLambdaAttrs(CXXMethodDecl *Method) {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
if (Method->hasAttr<CUDAHostAttr>() || Method->hasAttr<CUDADeviceAttr>())
return;
Method->addAttr(CUDADeviceAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
Method->addAttr(CUDAHostAttr::CreateImplicit(Context));
}
void Sema::checkCUDATargetOverload(FunctionDecl *NewFD,
const LookupResult &Previous) {
assert(getLangOpts().CUDA && "Should only be called during CUDA compilation");
CUDAFunctionTarget NewTarget = IdentifyCUDATarget(NewFD);
for (NamedDecl *OldND : Previous) {
FunctionDecl *OldFD = OldND->getAsFunction();
if (!OldFD)
continue;
CUDAFunctionTarget OldTarget = IdentifyCUDATarget(OldFD);
// Don't allow HD and global functions to overload other functions with the
// same signature. We allow overloading based on CUDA attributes so that
// functions can have different implementations on the host and device, but
// HD/global functions "exist" in some sense on both the host and device, so
// should have the same implementation on both sides.
if (NewTarget != OldTarget &&
((NewTarget == CFT_HostDevice) || (OldTarget == CFT_HostDevice) ||
(NewTarget == CFT_Global) || (OldTarget == CFT_Global)) &&
!IsOverload(NewFD, OldFD, /* UseMemberUsingDeclRules = */ false,
/* ConsiderCudaAttrs = */ false)) {
Diag(NewFD->getLocation(), diag::err_cuda_ovl_target)
<< NewTarget << NewFD->getDeclName() << OldTarget << OldFD;
Diag(OldFD->getLocation(), diag::note_previous_declaration);
NewFD->setInvalidDecl();
break;
}
}
}
template <typename AttrTy>
static void copyAttrIfPresent(Sema &S, FunctionDecl *FD,
const FunctionDecl &TemplateFD) {
if (AttrTy *Attribute = TemplateFD.getAttr<AttrTy>()) {
AttrTy *Clone = Attribute->clone(S.Context);
Clone->setInherited(true);
FD->addAttr(Clone);
}
}
void Sema::inheritCUDATargetAttrs(FunctionDecl *FD,
const FunctionTemplateDecl &TD) {
const FunctionDecl &TemplateFD = *TD.getTemplatedDecl();
copyAttrIfPresent<CUDAGlobalAttr>(*this, FD, TemplateFD);
copyAttrIfPresent<CUDAHostAttr>(*this, FD, TemplateFD);
copyAttrIfPresent<CUDADeviceAttr>(*this, FD, TemplateFD);
}
std::string Sema::getCudaConfigureFuncName() const {
if (getLangOpts().HIP)
return getLangOpts().HIPUseNewLaunchAPI ? "__hipPushCallConfiguration"
: "hipConfigureCall";
// New CUDA kernel launch sequence.
if (CudaFeatureEnabled(Context.getTargetInfo().getSDKVersion(),
CudaFeature::CUDA_USES_NEW_LAUNCH))
return "__cudaPushCallConfiguration";
// Legacy CUDA kernel configuration call
return "cudaConfigureCall";
}