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Clang 14.0.0 (In-Progress) Release Notes
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Written by the `LLVM Team <>`_
.. warning::
These are in-progress notes for the upcoming Clang 14 release.
Release notes for previous releases can be found on
`the Download Page <>`_.
This document contains the release notes for the Clang C/C++/Objective-C
frontend, part of the LLVM Compiler Infrastructure, release 14.0.0. Here we
describe the status of Clang in some detail, including major
improvements from the previous release and new feature work. For the
general LLVM release notes, see `the LLVM
documentation <>`_. All LLVM
releases may be downloaded from the `LLVM releases web
site <>`_.
For more information about Clang or LLVM, including information about the
latest release, please see the `Clang Web Site <>`_ or the
`LLVM Web Site <>`_.
Note that if you are reading this file from a Git checkout or the
main Clang web page, this document applies to the *next* release, not
the current one. To see the release notes for a specific release, please
see the `releases page <>`_.
What's New in Clang 14.0.0?
Some of the major new features and improvements to Clang are listed
here. Generic improvements to Clang as a whole or to its underlying
infrastructure are described first, followed by language-specific
sections with improvements to Clang's support for those languages.
Major New Features
- ...
Improvements to Clang's diagnostics
- -Wbitwise-instead-of-logical (part of -Wbool-operation) warns about use of bitwise operators with boolean operands which have side effects.
- Added diagnostic groups to control diagnostics for attribute extensions by
adding groups ``-Wc++N-attribute-extensions`` (where ``N`` is the standard
release being diagnosed against). These new groups are automatically implied
when passing ``-Wc++N-extensions``. Resolves PR33518.
- Support ``-Wdeclaration-after-statement`` with C99 and later standards, and
not just C89, matching GCC's behaviour. A notable usecase is supporting style
guides that forbid mixing declarations and code, but want to move to newer C
Non-comprehensive list of changes in this release
- Maximum _ExtInt size was decreased from 16,777,215 bits to 8,388,608 bits.
Motivation for this was discussed in PR51829.
- Configuration file syntax extended with ``<CFGDIR>`` token. This expands to
the base path of the current config file. See :ref:`configuration-files` for
New Compiler Flags
- Clang plugin arguments can now be passed through the compiler driver via
``-fplugin-arg-pluginname-arg``, similar to GCC's ``-fplugin-arg``.
Deprecated Compiler Flags
- -Wweak-template-vtables has been deprecated and no longer has any effect. The
flag will be removed in the next release.
Modified Compiler Flags
- Support has been added for the following processors (``-mcpu`` identifiers in parentheses):
- RISC-V SiFive E20 (``sifive-e20``).
- RISC-V SiFive E21 (``sifive-e21``).
- RISC-V SiFive E24 (``sifive-e24``).
- RISC-V SiFive E34 (``sifive-e34``).
- RISC-V SiFive S21 (``sifive-s21``).
- RISC-V SiFive S51 (``sifive-s51``).
- RISC-V SiFive S54 (``sifive-s54``).
- RISC-V SiFive S76 (``sifive-s76``).
- Support has been added for the following architectures (``-march`` identifiers in parentheses):
- Armv9-A (``armv9-a``).
- Armv9.1-A (``armv9.1-a``).
- Armv9.2-A (``armv9.2-a``).
Removed Compiler Flags
- ...
New Pragmas in Clang
- ...
Attribute Changes in Clang
- Attributes loaded as clang plugins which are sensitive to LangOpts must
now override ``acceptsLangOpts`` instead of ``diagLangOpts``.
Returning false will produce a generic "attribute ignored" diagnostic, as
with clang's built-in attributes.
If plugins want to provide richer diagnostics, they can do so when the
attribute is handled instead, e.g. in ``handleDeclAttribute``.
(This was changed in order to better support attributes in code completion).
- __has_cpp_attribute, __has_c_attribute, __has_attribute, and __has_declspec
will now macro expand their argument. This causes a change in behavior for
code using ``__has_cpp_attribute(__clang__::attr)`` (and same for
``__has_c_attribute``) where it would previously expand to ``0`` for all
attributes, but will now issue an error due to the expansion of the
predefined ``__clang__`` macro.
Windows Support
- An MSVC compatibility workaround for C++ operator names was removed. As a
result, the ``<query.h>`` Windows SDK header may not compile out of the box.
Users should use a recent SDK and pass ``-DQUERY_H_RESTRICTION_PERMISSIVE``
or pass ``/permissive`` to disable C++ operator names altogether. See
`PR42427 <>` for more info.
- Add support for MSVC-compatible ``/hotpatch`` flag in clang-cl, and equivalent
-cc1 flag ``-fms-hotpatch``. Along with the linker flag ``/functionpadmin``
this creates executable images suitable for runtime code patching. This flag
is only required for x86/x64 targets; ARM/ARM64 simply needs the linker
With this addition, clang-cl can be used in live code patching scenarios,
along with tools such as Live++ or Recode. Microsoft Edit and Continue isn't
currently supported.
C Language Changes in Clang
- The value of ``__STDC_VERSION__`` has been bumped to ``202000L`` when passing
``-std=c2x`` so that it can be distinguished from C17 mode. This value is
expected to change again when C23 is published.
- Wide multi-characters literals such as ``L'ab'`` that would previously be interpreted as ``L'b'``
are now ill-formed in all language modes. The motivation for this change is outlined in
`P2362 <>`_.
- Support for ``__attribute__((error("")))`` and
``__attribute__((warning("")))`` function attributes have been added.
- The maximum allowed alignment has been increased from 2^29 to 2^32.
- Clang now supports the ``_BitInt(N)`` family of bit-precise integer types
from C23. This type was previously exposed as ``_ExtInt(N)``, which is now a
deprecated alias for ``_BitInt(N)`` (so diagnostics will mention ``_BitInt``
even if source uses ``_ExtInt``). ``_BitInt(N)`` and ``_ExtInt(N)`` are the
same types in all respects beyond spelling and the deprecation warning.
``_BitInt(N)`` is supported as an extension in older C modes and in all C++
modes. Note: the ABI for ``_BitInt(N)`` is still in the process of being
stabilized, so this type should not yet be used in interfaces that require
ABI stability.
- When using ``asm goto`` with outputs whose constraint modifier is ``"+"``, we
now change the numbering of the labels to occur after hidden tied inputs for
better compatibility with GCC. For better portability between different
compilers and versions, symbolic references rather than numbered references
should be preferred. See
`this thread <>` for more
- Implemented `WG14 N2412 <>`_,
which adds ``*_WIDTH`` macros to limits.h and stdint.h to report the bit
width of various integer datatypes.
- The ``ATOMIC_VAR_INIT`` macro from ``<stdatomic.h>`` is now diagnosed as
deprecated in C17 and later. The diagnostic can be disabled by defining the
``_CLANG_DISABLE_CRT_DEPRECATION_WARNINGS`` macro prior to including the
C++ Language Changes in Clang
- ...
C++20 Feature Support
- The ``ATOMIC_VAR_INIT`` and ``ATOMIC_FLAG_INIT`` macros from the C standard
library ``<stdatomic.h>`` header are now diagnosed as deprecated in C++20 and
later. Note, the behavior is specific to the inclusion of ``<stdatomic.h>``
in C++ code; the STL ``<atomic>`` header also controls the behavior of these
macros and is not affected by these changes. The ``<stdatomic.h>`` diagnostic
can be disabled by defining the ``_CLANG_DISABLE_CRT_DEPRECATION_WARNINGS``
macro prior to including the header.
C++2b Feature Support
- Implemented `P1938R3: if consteval <>`_.
- Implemented `P2360R0: Extend init-statement to allow alias-declaration <>`_.
CUDA Language Changes in Clang
- Clang now supports CUDA versions up to 11.5.
- Default GPU architecture has been changed from sm_20 to sm_35.
Objective-C Language Changes in Clang
OpenCL C Language Changes in Clang
ABI Changes in Clang
- The ``_ExtInt(N)`` extension has been standardized in C23 as ``_BitInt(N)``.
The mangling of this type in C++ has accordingly changed: under the Microsoft
ABI it is now mangled using the ``_BitInt`` spelling, and under the Itanium ABI
it is now mangled using a dedicated production. Note: the ABI for ``_BitInt(N)``
is still in the process of being stabilized, so this type should not yet be
used in interfaces that require ABI stability.
OpenMP Support in Clang
- ``clang-nvlink-wrapper`` tool introduced to support linking of cubin files archived in an archive. See :doc:`ClangNvlinkWrapper`.
CUDA Support in Clang
- ...
X86 Support in Clang
- Support for ``AVX512-FP16`` instructions has been added.
DWARF Support in Clang
- The default DWARF version has increased from DWARFv4 to DWARFv5. You can opt
back in to the old behavior with ``-gdwarf-4`` or ``-fdebug-default-version=4``.
Some platforms (Darwin, Android, and SCE for instance) already opt out of this
version bump as is suitable for the platform
Arm and AArch64 Support in Clang
- Support has been added for the following processors (command-line identifiers in parentheses):
- Arm Cortex-A510 (``cortex-a510``)
- Arm Cortex-X2 (``cortex-x2``)
- Arm Cortex-A710 (``cortex-A710``)
- The -mtune flag is no longer ignored for AArch64. It is now possible to
tune code generation for a particular CPU with -mtune without setting any
architectural features. For example, compiling with
"-mcpu=generic -mtune=cortex-a57" will not enable any Cortex-A57 specific
architecture features, but will enable certain optimizations specific to
Cortex-A57 CPUs and enable the use of a more accurate scheduling model.
- The --aarch64-none-elf target now uses the BareMetal driver rather than the
GNU driver. Programs that depend on clang invoking GCC as the linker driver
should use GCC as the linker in the build system.
Floating Point Support in Clang
- The default setting of FP contraction (FMA) is now -ffp-contract=on (for
languages other than CUDA/HIP) even when optimization is off. Previously,
the default behavior was equivalent to -ffp-contract=off (-ffp-contract
was not set).
Related to this, the switch -ffp-model=precise now implies -ffp-contract=on
rather than -ffp-contract=fast, and the documentation of these features has
been clarified. Previously, the documentation claimed that -ffp-model=precise
was the default, but this was incorrect because the precise model implied
-ffp-contract=fast, whereas the (now corrected) default behavior is
-ffp-model=precise is now exactly the default mode of the compiler.
- -fstrict-float-cast-overflow no longer has target specific behavior. Clang
will saturate towards the smallest and largest representable integer values.
NaNs will be converted to zero.
Internal API Changes
- A new sugar ``Type`` AST node represents types accessed via a C++ using
declaration. Given code ``using std::error_code; error_code x;``, ``x`` has
a ``UsingType`` which desugars to the previous ``RecordType``.
Build System Changes
- Linux distros can specify ``-DCLANG_DEFAULT_PIE_ON_LINUX=On`` to use ``-fPIE`` and
``-pie`` by default. This matches GCC installations on many Linux distros
(configured with ``--enable-default-pie``).
(`D113372 <>`_)
AST Matchers
- ``TypeLoc`` AST Matchers are now available. These matchers provide helpful
utilities for matching ``TypeLoc`` nodes, such as the ``pointerTypeLoc``
matcher or the ``hasReturnTypeLoc`` matcher. The addition of these matchers
was made possible by changes to the handling of ``TypeLoc`` nodes that
allows them to enjoy the same static type checking as other AST node kinds.
- ``LambdaCapture`` AST Matchers are now available. These matchers allow for
the binding of ``LambdaCapture`` nodes. The ``LambdaCapture`` matchers added
include the ``lambdaCapture`` node matcher, the ``capturesVar`` traversal
matcher, and ``capturesThis`` narrowing matcher.
- The ``hasAnyCapture`` matcher now only accepts an inner matcher of type
``Matcher<LambdaCapture>``. The matcher originally accepted an inner matcher
of type ``Matcher<CXXThisExpr>`` or ``Matcher<VarDecl>``.
- The ``usingType`` matcher is now available and needed to refer to types that
are referred to via using C++ using declarations.
The associated ``UsingShadowDecl`` can be matched using ``throughUsingDecl``
and the underlying ``Type`` with ``hasUnderlyingType``.
``hasDeclaration`` continues to see through the alias and apply to the
underlying type.
- Added the ``isConsteval`` matcher to match ``consteval`` function
declarations as well as `if consteval` and `if ! consteval` statements.
- Added the ``isConstinit`` matcher to match ``constinit`` variable
- Option ``AllowShortEnumsOnASingleLine: false`` has been improved, it now
correctly places the opening brace according to ``BraceWrapping.AfterEnum``.
- Option ``AlignAfterOpenBracket: BlockIndent`` has been added. If set, it will
always break after an open bracket, if the parameters don't fit on a single
line. Closing brackets will be placed on a new line.
- Option ``QualifierAlignment`` has been added in order to auto-arrange the
positioning of specifiers/qualifiers
`const` `volatile` `static` `inline` `constexpr` `restrict`
in variable and parameter declarations to be either ``Right`` aligned
or ``Left`` aligned or ``Custom`` using ``QualifierOrder``.
- Option ``QualifierOrder`` has been added to allow the order
`const` `volatile` `static` `inline` `constexpr` `restrict`
to be controlled relative to the `type`.
- Option ``RemoveBracesLLVM`` has been added to remove optional braces of
control statements for the LLVM style.
- Option ``SeparateDefinitionBlocks`` has been added to insert or remove empty
lines between definition blocks including functions, classes, structs, enums,
and namespaces.
- Add a ``Custom`` style to ``SpaceBeforeParens``, to better configure the
space before parentheses. The custom options can be set using
- The command line argument `-style=<string>` has been extended so that a specific
format file at location <format_file_path> can be selected. This is supported
via the syntax: `-style=file:<format_file_path>`.
- Improved C++20 Modules and Coroutines support.
- Option ``AfterOverloadedOperator`` has been added in ``SpaceBeforeParensOptions``
to allow space between overloaded operator and opening parentheses.
- ...
Static Analyzer
- ...
.. _release-notes-ubsan:
Undefined Behavior Sanitizer (UBSan)
Core Analysis Improvements
- ...
New Issues Found
- ...
Python Binding Changes
The following methods have been added:
- ...
Significant Known Problems
Additional Information
A wide variety of additional information is available on the `Clang web
page <>`_. The web page contains versions of the
API documentation which are up-to-date with the Git version of
the source code. You can access versions of these documents specific to
this release by going into the "``clang/docs/``" directory in the Clang
If you have any questions or comments about Clang, please feel free to
contact us via the `mailing
list <>`_.