[Support] Add SipHash-based 16-bit ptrauth ABI-stable hash. (#93902)

This finally wraps the now-lightly-modified SipHash C reference
implementation, for the main interface we need (16-bit ptrauth

The exact algorithm is the little-endian interpretation of the
non-doubled (i.e. 64-bit) result of applying a SipHash-2-4 using the
constant seed `b5d4c9eb79104a796fec8b1b428781d4` (big-endian), with the
result reduced by modulo to the range of non-zero discriminators (i.e.
`(rawHash % 65535) + 1`).

By "stable" we mean that the result of this hash algorithm will the same
across different compiler versions and target platforms.

The 16-bit hashes are used extensively for the AArch64 ptrauth ABI,
because AArch64 can efficiently load a 16-bit immediate into the high
bits of a register without disturbing the remainder of the value, which
serves as a nice blend operation.

16 bits is also sufficiently compact to not inflate a loader relocation.
We disallow zero to guarantee a different discriminator from the places
in the ABI that use a constant zero.

Co-authored-by: John McCall <rjmccall@apple.com>
3 files changed
tree: 22e3b9607aae02c4727fa07b2850d43392027eda
  1. .ci/
  2. .github/
  3. bolt/
  4. clang/
  5. clang-tools-extra/
  6. cmake/
  7. compiler-rt/
  8. cross-project-tests/
  9. flang/
  10. libc/
  11. libclc/
  12. libcxx/
  13. libcxxabi/
  14. libunwind/
  15. lld/
  16. lldb/
  17. llvm/
  18. llvm-libgcc/
  19. mlir/
  20. offload/
  21. openmp/
  22. polly/
  23. pstl/
  24. runtimes/
  25. third-party/
  26. utils/
  27. .clang-format
  28. .clang-tidy
  29. .git-blame-ignore-revs
  30. .gitattributes
  31. .gitignore
  32. .mailmap
  36. pyproject.toml
  37. README.md
  38. SECURITY.md

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