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//===- trie-node.h - XRay Call Stack Data Structure -----------------------===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
// This file provides a data structure and routines for working with call stacks
// of instrumented functions.
#include <forward_list>
#include <numeric>
#include "llvm/ADT/DenseMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
/// A type to represent a trie of invocations. It is useful to construct a
/// graph of these nodes from reading an XRay trace, such that each function
/// call can be placed in a larger context.
/// The template parameter allows users of the template to attach their own
/// data elements to each node in the invocation graph.
template <typename AssociatedData> struct TrieNode {
/// The function ID.
int32_t FuncId;
/// The caller of this function.
TrieNode<AssociatedData> *Parent;
/// The callees from this function.
llvm::SmallVector<TrieNode<AssociatedData> *, 4> Callees;
/// Additional parameterized data on each node.
AssociatedData ExtraData;
/// Merges together two TrieNodes with like function ids, aggregating their
/// callee lists and durations. The caller must provide storage where new merged
/// nodes can be allocated in the form of a linked list.
template <typename T, typename Callable>
TrieNode<T> *
mergeTrieNodes(const TrieNode<T> &Left, const TrieNode<T> &Right,
/*Non-deduced pointer type for nullptr compatibility*/
std::remove_reference_t<TrieNode<T> *> NewParent,
std::forward_list<TrieNode<T>> &NodeStore,
Callable &&MergeCallable) {
llvm::function_ref<T(const T &, const T &)> MergeFn(
assert(Left.FuncId == Right.FuncId);
Left.FuncId, NewParent, {}, MergeFn(Left.ExtraData, Right.ExtraData)});
auto I = NodeStore.begin();
auto *Node = &*I;
// Build a map of callees from the left side.
llvm::DenseMap<int32_t, TrieNode<T> *> LeftCalleesByFuncId;
for (auto *Callee : Left.Callees) {
LeftCalleesByFuncId[Callee->FuncId] = Callee;
// Iterate through the right side, either merging with the map values or
// directly adding to the Callees vector. The iteration also removes any
// merged values from the left side map.
// TODO: Unroll into iterative and explicit stack for efficiency.
for (auto *Callee : Right.Callees) {
auto iter = LeftCalleesByFuncId.find(Callee->FuncId);
if (iter != LeftCalleesByFuncId.end()) {
mergeTrieNodes(*(iter->second), *Callee, Node, NodeStore, MergeFn));
} else {
// Add any callees that weren't found in the right side.
for (auto MapPairIter : LeftCalleesByFuncId) {
return Node;