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/* Value Numbering routines for tree expressions.
Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Daniel Berlin <>, Steven Bosscher
<> and Diego Novillo <>
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "hashtab.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "tree-dump.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
/* The value table that maps expressions to values. */
static htab_t value_table;
/* Map expressions to values. These are simple pairs of expressions
and the values they represent. To find the value represented by
an expression, we use a hash table where the elements are {e,v}
pairs, and the expression is the key. */
typedef struct val_expr_pair_d
/* Value handle. */
tree v;
/* Associated expression. */
tree e;
/* Virtual uses in E. */
vuse_optype vuses;
/* E's hash value. */
hashval_t hashcode;
} *val_expr_pair_t;
static void set_value_handle (tree e, tree v);
/* Create and return a new value handle node of type TYPE. */
static tree
make_value_handle (tree type)
static unsigned int id = 0;
tree vh;
vh = build0 (VALUE_HANDLE, type);
VALUE_HANDLE_ID (vh) = id++;
return vh;
/* Given an expression EXPR, compute a hash value number using the
code of the expression, its real operands and virtual operands (if
VAL can be used to iterate by passing previous value numbers (it is
used by iterative_hash_expr).
VUSES is the set of virtual use operands associated with EXPR. It
may be NULL if EXPR has no virtual operands. */
vn_compute (tree expr, hashval_t val, vuse_optype vuses)
size_t i;
/* EXPR must not be a statement. We are only interested in value
numbering expressions on the RHS of assignments. */
gcc_assert (expr);
gcc_assert (!expr->common.ann
|| expr->common.ann->common.type != STMT_ANN);
val = iterative_hash_expr (expr, val);
/* If the expression has virtual uses, incorporate them into the
hash value computed for EXPR. */
for (i = 0; i < NUM_VUSES (vuses); i++)
val = iterative_hash_expr (VUSE_OP (vuses, i), val);
return val;
/* Compare two expressions E1 and E2 and return true if they are
equal. */
expressions_equal_p (tree e1, tree e2)
tree te1, te2;
if (e1 == e2)
return true;
te1 = TREE_TYPE (e1);
te2 = TREE_TYPE (e2);
if (TREE_CODE (e1) == TREE_CODE (e2)
&& (te1 == te2 || lang_hooks.types_compatible_p (te1, te2))
&& operand_equal_p (e1, e2, OEP_PURE_SAME))
return true;
return false;
/* Hash a {v,e} pair that is pointed to by P.
The hashcode is cached in the val_expr_pair, so we just return
that. */
static hashval_t
val_expr_pair_hash (const void *p)
const val_expr_pair_t ve = (val_expr_pair_t) p;
return ve->hashcode;
/* Given two val_expr_pair_t's, return true if they represent the same
expression, false otherwise.
P1 and P2 should point to the val_expr_pair_t's to be compared. */
static int
val_expr_pair_expr_eq (const void *p1, const void *p2)
const val_expr_pair_t ve1 = (val_expr_pair_t) p1;
const val_expr_pair_t ve2 = (val_expr_pair_t) p2;
size_t i;
if (! expressions_equal_p (ve1->e, ve2->e))
return false;
if (NUM_VUSES (ve1->vuses) != NUM_VUSES (ve2->vuses))
return false;
for (i = 0; i < NUM_VUSES (ve1->vuses); i++)
if (! expressions_equal_p (VUSE_OP (ve1->vuses, i),
VUSE_OP (ve2->vuses, i)))
return false;
return true;
/* Set the value handle for expression E to value V. */
static void
set_value_handle (tree e, tree v)
if (TREE_CODE (e) == SSA_NAME)
else if (EXPR_P (e) || DECL_P (e))
get_tree_ann (e)->common.value_handle = v;
/* Do nothing. Constants are their own value handles. */
gcc_assert (is_gimple_min_invariant (e));
/* Insert EXPR into VALUE_TABLE with value VAL, and add expression
EXPR to the value set for value VAL. VUSES represent the virtual
use operands associated with EXPR (if any). They are used when
computing the hash value for EXPR. */
vn_add (tree expr, tree val, vuse_optype vuses)
void **slot;
val_expr_pair_t new_pair;
new_pair = xmalloc (sizeof (struct val_expr_pair_d));
new_pair->e = expr;
new_pair->v = val;
new_pair->vuses = vuses;
new_pair->hashcode = vn_compute (expr, 0, vuses);
slot = htab_find_slot_with_hash (value_table, new_pair, new_pair->hashcode,
if (*slot)
free (*slot);
*slot = (void *) new_pair;
set_value_handle (expr, val);
add_to_value (val, expr);
/* Search in VALUE_TABLE for an existing instance of expression EXPR,
and return its value, or NULL if none has been set. VUSES
represent the virtual use operands associated with EXPR (if any).
They are used when computing the hash value for EXPR. */
vn_lookup (tree expr, vuse_optype vuses)
void **slot;
struct val_expr_pair_d vep = {NULL, NULL, NULL, 0};
/* Constants are their own value. */
if (is_gimple_min_invariant (expr))
return expr;
vep.e = expr;
vep.vuses = vuses;
vep.hashcode = vn_compute (expr, 0, vuses);
slot = htab_find_slot_with_hash (value_table, &vep, vep.hashcode, NO_INSERT);
if (!slot)
return NULL_TREE;
return ((val_expr_pair_t) *slot)->v;
/* Like vn_lookup, but creates a new value for expression EXPR, if
EXPR doesn't already have a value. Return the existing/created
value for EXPR. VUSES represent the virtual use operands
associated with EXPR (if any). They are used when computing the
hash value for EXPR. */
vn_lookup_or_add (tree expr, vuse_optype vuses)
tree v = vn_lookup (expr, vuses);
if (v == NULL_TREE)
v = make_value_handle (TREE_TYPE (expr));
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
fprintf (dump_file, "Created value ");
print_generic_expr (dump_file, v, dump_flags);
fprintf (dump_file, " for ");
print_generic_expr (dump_file, expr, dump_flags);
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
vn_add (expr, v, vuses);
set_value_handle (expr, v);
return v;
/* Get the value handle of EXPR. This is the only correct way to get
the value handle for a "thing". If EXPR does not have a value
handle associated, it returns NULL_TREE.
NB: If EXPR is min_invariant, this function is *required* to return EXPR. */
get_value_handle (tree expr)
if (is_gimple_min_invariant (expr))
return expr;
if (TREE_CODE (expr) == SSA_NAME)
return SSA_NAME_VALUE (expr);
else if (EXPR_P (expr) || DECL_P (expr))
tree_ann_t ann = tree_ann (expr);
return ((ann) ? ann->common.value_handle : NULL_TREE);
gcc_unreachable ();
/* Initialize data structures used in value numbering. */
vn_init (void)
value_table = htab_create (511, val_expr_pair_hash,
val_expr_pair_expr_eq, free);
/* Delete data used for value numbering. */
vn_delete (void)
htab_delete (value_table);
value_table = NULL;