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/* Instruction scheduling pass. This file contains definitions used
internally in the scheduler.
Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998,
1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA. */
/* For state_t. */
#include "insn-attr.h"
/* For regset_head. */
#include "basic-block.h"
/* For reg_note. */
#include "rtl.h"
/* Pointer to data describing the current DFA state. */
extern state_t curr_state;
/* Forward declaration. */
struct ready_list;
/* Describe state of dependencies used during sched_analyze phase. */
struct deps
/* The *_insns and *_mems are paired lists. Each pending memory operation
will have a pointer to the MEM rtx on one list and a pointer to the
containing insn on the other list in the same place in the list. */
/* We can't use add_dependence like the old code did, because a single insn
may have multiple memory accesses, and hence needs to be on the list
once for each memory access. Add_dependence won't let you add an insn
to a list more than once. */
/* An INSN_LIST containing all insns with pending read operations. */
rtx pending_read_insns;
/* An EXPR_LIST containing all MEM rtx's which are pending reads. */
rtx pending_read_mems;
/* An INSN_LIST containing all insns with pending write operations. */
rtx pending_write_insns;
/* An EXPR_LIST containing all MEM rtx's which are pending writes. */
rtx pending_write_mems;
/* Indicates the combined length of the two pending lists. We must prevent
these lists from ever growing too large since the number of dependencies
produced is at least O(N*N), and execution time is at least O(4*N*N), as
a function of the length of these pending lists. */
int pending_lists_length;
/* Length of the pending memory flush list. Large functions with no
calls may build up extremely large lists. */
int pending_flush_length;
/* The last insn upon which all memory references must depend.
This is an insn which flushed the pending lists, creating a dependency
between it and all previously pending memory references. This creates
a barrier (or a checkpoint) which no memory reference is allowed to cross.
This includes all non constant CALL_INSNs. When we do interprocedural
alias analysis, this restriction can be relaxed.
This may also be an INSN that writes memory if the pending lists grow
too large. */
rtx last_pending_memory_flush;
/* A list of the last function calls we have seen. We use a list to
represent last function calls from multiple predecessor blocks.
Used to prevent register lifetimes from expanding unnecessarily. */
rtx last_function_call;
/* A list of insns which use a pseudo register that does not already
cross a call. We create dependencies between each of those insn
and the next call insn, to ensure that they won't cross a call after
scheduling is done. */
rtx sched_before_next_call;
/* Used to keep post-call pseudo/hard reg movements together with
the call. */
enum { not_post_call, post_call, post_call_initial } in_post_call_group_p;
/* Set to the tail insn of the outermost libcall block.
When nonzero, we will mark each insn processed by sched_analyze_insn
with SCHED_GROUP_P to ensure libcalls are scheduled as a unit. */
rtx libcall_block_tail_insn;
/* The maximum register number for the following arrays. Before reload
this is max_reg_num; after reload it is FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER. */
int max_reg;
/* Element N is the next insn that sets (hard or pseudo) register
N within the current basic block; or zero, if there is no
such insn. Needed for new registers which may be introduced
by splitting insns. */
struct deps_reg
rtx uses;
rtx sets;
rtx clobbers;
int uses_length;
int clobbers_length;
} *reg_last;
/* Element N is set for each register that has any nonzero element
in reg_last[N].{uses,sets,clobbers}. */
regset_head reg_last_in_use;
/* Element N is set for each register that is conditionally set. */
regset_head reg_conditional_sets;
/* This structure holds some state of the current scheduling pass, and
contains some function pointers that abstract out some of the non-generic
functionality from functions such as schedule_block or schedule_insn.
There is one global variable, current_sched_info, which points to the
sched_info structure currently in use. */
struct sched_info
/* Add all insns that are initially ready to the ready list. Called once
before scheduling a set of insns. */
void (*init_ready_list) (struct ready_list *);
/* Called after taking an insn from the ready list. Returns nonzero if
this insn can be scheduled, nonzero if we should silently discard it. */
int (*can_schedule_ready_p) (rtx);
/* Return nonzero if there are more insns that should be scheduled. */
int (*schedule_more_p) (void);
/* Called after an insn has all its dependencies resolved. Return nonzero
if it should be moved to the ready list or the queue, or zero if we
should silently discard it. */
int (*new_ready) (rtx);
/* Compare priority of two insns. Return a positive number if the second
insn is to be preferred for scheduling, and a negative one if the first
is to be preferred. Zero if they are equally good. */
int (*rank) (rtx, rtx);
/* Return a string that contains the insn uid and optionally anything else
necessary to identify this insn in an output. It's valid to use a
static buffer for this. The ALIGNED parameter should cause the string
to be formatted so that multiple output lines will line up nicely. */
const char *(*print_insn) (rtx, int);
/* Return nonzero if an insn should be included in priority
calculations. */
int (*contributes_to_priority) (rtx, rtx);
/* Called when computing dependencies for a JUMP_INSN. This function
should store the set of registers that must be considered as set by
the jump in the regset. */
void (*compute_jump_reg_dependencies) (rtx, regset, regset, regset);
/* The boundaries of the set of insns to be scheduled. */
rtx prev_head, next_tail;
/* Filled in after the schedule is finished; the first and last scheduled
insns. */
rtx head, tail;
/* If nonzero, enables an additional sanity check in schedule_block. */
unsigned int queue_must_finish_empty:1;
/* Nonzero if we should use cselib for better alias analysis. This
must be 0 if the dependency information is used after sched_analyze
has completed, e.g. if we're using it to initialize state for successor
blocks in region scheduling. */
unsigned int use_cselib:1;
/* Maximum priority that has been assigned to an insn. */
int sched_max_insns_priority;
extern struct sched_info *current_sched_info;
/* Indexed by INSN_UID, the collection of all data associated with
a single instruction. */
struct haifa_insn_data
/* A list of insns which depend on the instruction. Unlike LOG_LINKS,
it represents forward dependencies. */
rtx depend;
/* The line number note in effect for each insn. For line number
notes, this indicates whether the note may be reused. */
rtx line_note;
/* Logical uid gives the original ordering of the insns. */
int luid;
/* A priority for each insn. */
int priority;
/* The number of incoming edges in the forward dependency graph.
As scheduling proceeds, counts are decreased. An insn moves to
the ready queue when its counter reaches zero. */
int dep_count;
/* An encoding of the blockage range function. Both unit and range
are coded. This member is used only for old pipeline interface. */
unsigned int blockage;
/* Number of instructions referring to this insn. */
int ref_count;
/* The minimum clock tick at which the insn becomes ready. This is
used to note timing constraints for the insns in the pending list. */
int tick;
short cost;
/* An encoding of the function units used. This member is used only
for old pipeline interface. */
short units;
/* This weight is an estimation of the insn's contribution to
register pressure. */
short reg_weight;
/* Some insns (e.g. call) are not allowed to move across blocks. */
unsigned int cant_move : 1;
/* Set if there's DEF-USE dependence between some speculatively
moved load insn and this one. */
unsigned int fed_by_spec_load : 1;
unsigned int is_load_insn : 1;
/* Nonzero if priority has been computed already. */
unsigned int priority_known : 1;
extern struct haifa_insn_data *h_i_d;
/* Accessor macros for h_i_d. There are more in haifa-sched.c and
sched-rgn.c. */
#define INSN_DEPEND(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].depend)
#define INSN_LUID(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].luid)
#define CANT_MOVE(insn) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (insn)].cant_move)
#define INSN_DEP_COUNT(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].dep_count)
#define INSN_PRIORITY(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].priority)
#define INSN_PRIORITY_KNOWN(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].priority_known)
#define INSN_COST(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].cost)
#define INSN_UNIT(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].units)
#define INSN_REG_WEIGHT(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].reg_weight)
#define INSN_BLOCKAGE(INSN) (h_i_d[INSN_UID (INSN)].blockage)
#define UNIT_BITS 5
#define BLOCKAGE_MASK ((1 << BLOCKAGE_BITS) - 1)
#define UNIT_BLOCKED(B) ((B) >> (2 * BLOCKAGE_BITS))
/* Encodings of the `<name>_unit_blockage_range' function. */
#define MAX_BLOCKAGE_COST(R) ((R) & ((1 << (HOST_BITS_PER_INT / 2)) - 1))
extern FILE *sched_dump;
extern int sched_verbose;
/* Exception Free Loads:
We define five classes of speculative loads: IFREE, IRISKY,
IFREE loads are loads that are proved to be exception-free, just
by examining the load insn. Examples for such loads are loads
from TOC and loads of global data.
IRISKY loads are loads that are proved to be exception-risky,
just by examining the load insn. Examples for such loads are
volatile loads and loads from shared memory.
PFREE loads are loads for which we can prove, by examining other
insns, that they are exception-free. Currently, this class consists
of loads for which we are able to find a "similar load", either in
the target block, or, if only one split-block exists, in that split
block. Load2 is similar to load1 if both have same single base
register. We identify only part of the similar loads, by finding
an insn upon which both load1 and load2 have a DEF-USE dependence.
PRISKY loads are loads for which we can prove, by examining other
insns, that they are exception-risky. Currently we have two proofs for
such loads. The first proof detects loads that are probably guarded by a
test on the memory address. This proof is based on the
backward and forward data dependence information for the region.
Let load-insn be the examined load.
Load-insn is PRISKY iff ALL the following hold:
- insn1 is not in the same block as load-insn
- there is a DEF-USE dependence chain (insn1, ..., load-insn)
- test-insn is either a compare or a branch, not in the same block
as load-insn
- load-insn is reachable from test-insn
- there is a DEF-USE dependence chain (insn1, ..., test-insn)
This proof might fail when the compare and the load are fed
by an insn not in the region. To solve this, we will add to this
group all loads that have no input DEF-USE dependence.
The second proof detects loads that are directly or indirectly
fed by a speculative load. This proof is affected by the
scheduling process. We will use the flag fed_by_spec_load.
Initially, all insns have this flag reset. After a speculative
motion of an insn, if insn is either a load, or marked as
fed_by_spec_load, we will also mark as fed_by_spec_load every
insn1 for which a DEF-USE dependence (insn, insn1) exists. A
load which is fed_by_spec_load is also PRISKY.
MFREE (maybe-free) loads are all the remaining loads. They may be
exception-free, but we cannot prove it.
Now, all loads in IFREE and PFREE classes are considered
exception-free, while all loads in IRISKY and PRISKY classes are
considered exception-risky. As for loads in the MFREE class,
these are considered either exception-free or exception-risky,
depending on whether we are pessimistic or optimistic. We have
to take the pessimistic approach to assure the safety of
speculative scheduling, but we can take the optimistic approach
by invoking the -fsched_spec_load_dangerous option. */
#define WORST_CLASS(class1, class2) \
((class1 > class2) ? class1 : class2)
#ifndef __GNUC__
#define __inline
#define HAIFA_INLINE __inline
/* Functions in sched-vis.c. */
extern void print_insn (char *, rtx, int);
/* Functions in sched-deps.c. */
extern int add_dependence (rtx, rtx, enum reg_note);
extern void sched_analyze (struct deps *, rtx, rtx);
extern void init_deps (struct deps *);
extern void free_deps (struct deps *);
extern void init_deps_global (void);
extern void finish_deps_global (void);
extern void add_forward_dependence (rtx, rtx, enum reg_note);
extern void compute_forward_dependences (rtx, rtx);
extern rtx find_insn_list (rtx, rtx);
extern void init_dependency_caches (int);
extern void free_dependency_caches (void);
/* Functions in haifa-sched.c. */
extern int haifa_classify_insn (rtx);
extern void get_block_head_tail (int, rtx *, rtx *);
extern int no_real_insns_p (rtx, rtx);
extern void rm_line_notes (rtx, rtx);
extern void save_line_notes (int, rtx, rtx);
extern void restore_line_notes (rtx, rtx);
extern void rm_redundant_line_notes (void);
extern void rm_other_notes (rtx, rtx);
extern int insn_cost (rtx, rtx, rtx);
extern int set_priorities (rtx, rtx);
extern void schedule_block (int, int);
extern void sched_init (FILE *);
extern void sched_finish (void);
extern void ready_add (struct ready_list *, rtx);
#endif /* GCC_SCHED_INT_H */