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/* BFD back-end for Motorola 68000 COFF binaries.
Copyright 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999,
2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2012
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Written by Cygnus Support.
This file is part of BFD, the Binary File Descriptor library.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street - Fifth Floor, Boston,
MA 02110-1301, USA. */
#include "sysdep.h"
#include "bfd.h"
#include "libbfd.h"
#include "coff/m68k.h"
#include "coff/internal.h"
#include "libcoff.h"
/* This source file is compiled multiple times for various m68k COFF
variants. The following macros control its behaviour:
The C name of the BFD target vector. The default is m68kcoff_vec.
The user visible target name. The default is "coff-m68k".
Whether symbol names have an underscore.
Only declare the relocation howto array. Don't actually compile
it. The actual array will be picked up in another version of the
Make the relocation howto array, and associated functions, static.
If this is defined, then, for a relocation against a common
symbol, the object file holds the value (the size) of the common
symbol. If this is not defined, then, for a relocation against a
common symbol, the object file holds zero. */
/* The page size is a guess based on ELF. */
#define COFF_PAGE_SIZE 0x2000
static bfd_reloc_status_type m68kcoff_common_addend_special_fn
(bfd *, arelent *, asymbol *, void *, asection *, bfd *, char **);
#define RELOC_SPECIAL_FN m68kcoff_common_addend_special_fn
static bfd_boolean m68k_coff_is_local_label_name (bfd *, const char *);
/* On the delta, a symbol starting with L% is local. We won't see
such a symbol on other platforms, so it should be safe to always
consider it local here. */
static bfd_boolean
m68k_coff_is_local_label_name (bfd *abfd, const char *name)
if (name[0] == 'L' && name[1] == '%')
return TRUE;
return _bfd_coff_is_local_label_name (abfd, name);
/* Clean up namespace. */
#define m68kcoff_howto_table _bfd_m68kcoff_howto_table
#define m68k_rtype2howto _bfd_m68kcoff_rtype2howto
#define m68k_howto2rtype _bfd_m68kcoff_howto2rtype
#define m68k_reloc_type_lookup _bfd_m68kcoff_reloc_type_lookup
#define m68k_reloc_name_lookup _bfd_m68kcoff_reloc_name_lookup
extern reloc_howto_type m68kcoff_howto_table[];
reloc_howto_type m68kcoff_howto_table[] =
HOWTO (R_RELBYTE, 0, 0, 8, FALSE, 0, complain_overflow_bitfield, RELOC_SPECIAL_FN, "8", TRUE, 0x000000ff,0x000000ff, FALSE),
HOWTO (R_RELWORD, 0, 1, 16, FALSE, 0, complain_overflow_bitfield, RELOC_SPECIAL_FN, "16", TRUE, 0x0000ffff,0x0000ffff, FALSE),
HOWTO (R_RELLONG, 0, 2, 32, FALSE, 0, complain_overflow_bitfield, RELOC_SPECIAL_FN, "32", TRUE, 0xffffffff,0xffffffff, FALSE),
HOWTO (R_PCRBYTE, 0, 0, 8, TRUE, 0, complain_overflow_signed, RELOC_SPECIAL_FN, "DISP8", TRUE, 0x000000ff,0x000000ff, FALSE),
HOWTO (R_PCRWORD, 0, 1, 16, TRUE, 0, complain_overflow_signed, RELOC_SPECIAL_FN, "DISP16", TRUE, 0x0000ffff,0x0000ffff, FALSE),
HOWTO (R_PCRLONG, 0, 2, 32, TRUE, 0, complain_overflow_signed, RELOC_SPECIAL_FN, "DISP32", TRUE, 0xffffffff,0xffffffff, FALSE),
HOWTO (R_RELLONG_NEG, 0, -2, 32, FALSE, 0, complain_overflow_bitfield, RELOC_SPECIAL_FN, "-32", TRUE, 0xffffffff,0xffffffff, FALSE),
#endif /* not ONLY_DECLARE_RELOCS */
#ifndef BADMAG
#define BADMAG(x) M68KBADMAG(x)
#define M68 1 /* Customize coffcode.h */
/* Turn a howto into a reloc number */
extern void m68k_rtype2howto (arelent *internal, int relocentry);
extern int m68k_howto2rtype (reloc_howto_type *);
extern reloc_howto_type * m68k_reloc_type_lookup
(bfd *, bfd_reloc_code_real_type);
extern reloc_howto_type * m68k_reloc_name_lookup (bfd *, const char *);
#define STAT_REL static
#define STAT_REL
STAT_REL void m68k_rtype2howto (arelent *, int);
STAT_REL int m68k_howto2rtype (reloc_howto_type *);
STAT_REL reloc_howto_type * m68k_reloc_type_lookup (bfd *, bfd_reloc_code_real_type);
STAT_REL reloc_howto_type * m68k_reloc_name_lookup (bfd *, const char *);
m68k_rtype2howto (arelent *internal, int relocentry)
switch (relocentry)
case R_RELBYTE: internal->howto = m68kcoff_howto_table + 0; break;
case R_RELWORD: internal->howto = m68kcoff_howto_table + 1; break;
case R_RELLONG: internal->howto = m68kcoff_howto_table + 2; break;
case R_PCRBYTE: internal->howto = m68kcoff_howto_table + 3; break;
case R_PCRWORD: internal->howto = m68kcoff_howto_table + 4; break;
case R_PCRLONG: internal->howto = m68kcoff_howto_table + 5; break;
case R_RELLONG_NEG: internal->howto = m68kcoff_howto_table + 6; break;
m68k_howto2rtype (reloc_howto_type * internal)
if (internal->pc_relative)
switch (internal->bitsize)
case 32: return R_PCRLONG;
case 16: return R_PCRWORD;
case 8: return R_PCRBYTE;
switch (internal->bitsize)
case 32: return R_RELLONG;
case 16: return R_RELWORD;
case 8: return R_RELBYTE;
return R_RELLONG;
STAT_REL reloc_howto_type *
m68k_reloc_type_lookup (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
bfd_reloc_code_real_type code)
switch (code)
default: return NULL;
case BFD_RELOC_8: return m68kcoff_howto_table + 0;
case BFD_RELOC_16: return m68kcoff_howto_table + 1;
case BFD_RELOC_32: return m68kcoff_howto_table + 2;
case BFD_RELOC_8_PCREL: return m68kcoff_howto_table + 3;
case BFD_RELOC_16_PCREL: return m68kcoff_howto_table + 4;
case BFD_RELOC_32_PCREL: return m68kcoff_howto_table + 5;
/* FIXME: There doesn't seem to be a code for R_RELLONG_NEG. */
STAT_REL reloc_howto_type *
m68k_reloc_name_lookup (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
const char *r_name)
unsigned int i;
for (i = 0;
i < sizeof (m68kcoff_howto_table) / sizeof (m68kcoff_howto_table[0]);
if (m68kcoff_howto_table[i].name != NULL
&& strcasecmp (m68kcoff_howto_table[i].name, r_name) == 0)
return &m68kcoff_howto_table[i];
return NULL;
#endif /* not ONLY_DECLARE_RELOCS */
#define RTYPE2HOWTO(internal, relocentry) \
m68k_rtype2howto(internal, (relocentry)->r_type)
#define SELECT_RELOC(external, internal) \
external.r_type = m68k_howto2rtype (internal)
#define coff_bfd_reloc_type_lookup m68k_reloc_type_lookup
#define coff_bfd_reloc_name_lookup m68k_reloc_name_lookup
#ifndef coff_rtype_to_howto
#define coff_rtype_to_howto m68kcoff_rtype_to_howto
static reloc_howto_type *
m68kcoff_rtype_to_howto (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
asection *sec,
struct internal_reloc *rel,
struct coff_link_hash_entry *h ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
struct internal_syment *sym ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
bfd_vma *addendp)
arelent relent;
reloc_howto_type *howto;
relent.howto = NULL;
RTYPE2HOWTO (&relent, rel);
howto = relent.howto;
if (howto != NULL && howto->pc_relative)
*addendp += sec->vma;
return howto;
#endif /* ! defined (coff_rtype_to_howto) */
#endif /* ! defined (COFF_COMMON_ADDEND) */
/* If COFF_COMMON_ADDEND is defined, then when using m68k COFF the
value stored in the .text section for a reference to a common
symbol is the value itself plus any desired offset. (taken from
work done by Ian Taylor, Cygnus Support, for I386 COFF). */
/* If we are producing relocatable output, we need to do some
adjustments to the object file that are not done by the
bfd_perform_relocation function. This function is called by every
reloc type to make any required adjustments. */
static bfd_reloc_status_type
m68kcoff_common_addend_special_fn (bfd *abfd,
arelent *reloc_entry,
asymbol *symbol,
void * data,
asection *input_section ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
bfd *output_bfd,
char **error_message ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
symvalue diff;
if (output_bfd == (bfd *) NULL)
return bfd_reloc_continue;
if (bfd_is_com_section (symbol->section))
/* We are relocating a common symbol. The current value in the
object file is ORIG + OFFSET, where ORIG is the value of the
common symbol as seen by the object file when it was compiled
(this may be zero if the symbol was undefined) and OFFSET is
the offset into the common symbol (normally zero, but may be
non-zero when referring to a field in a common structure).
ORIG is the negative of reloc_entry->addend, which is set by
the CALC_ADDEND macro below. We want to replace the value in
the object file with NEW + OFFSET, where NEW is the value of
the common symbol which we are going to put in the final
object file. NEW is symbol->value. */
diff = symbol->value + reloc_entry->addend;
/* For some reason bfd_perform_relocation always effectively
ignores the addend for a COFF target when producing
relocatable output. This seems to be always wrong for 386
COFF, so we handle the addend here instead. */
diff = reloc_entry->addend;
#define DOIT(x) \
x = ((x & ~howto->dst_mask) | (((x & howto->src_mask) + diff) & howto->dst_mask))
if (diff != 0)
reloc_howto_type *howto = reloc_entry->howto;
unsigned char *addr = (unsigned char *) data + reloc_entry->address;
switch (howto->size)
case 0:
char x = bfd_get_8 (abfd, addr);
DOIT (x);
bfd_put_8 (abfd, x, addr);
case 1:
short x = bfd_get_16 (abfd, addr);
DOIT (x);
bfd_put_16 (abfd, (bfd_vma) x, addr);
case 2:
long x = bfd_get_32 (abfd, addr);
DOIT (x);
bfd_put_32 (abfd, (bfd_vma) x, addr);
abort ();
/* Now let bfd_perform_relocation finish everything up. */
return bfd_reloc_continue;
/* Compute the addend of a reloc. If the reloc is to a common symbol,
the object file contains the value of the common symbol. By the
time this is called, the linker may be using a different symbol
from a different object file with a different value. Therefore, we
hack wildly to locate the original symbol from this file so that we
can make the correct adjustment. This macro sets coffsym to the
symbol from the original file, and uses it to set the addend value
correctly. If this is not a common symbol, the usual addend
calculation is done, except that an additional tweak is needed for
PC relative relocs.
FIXME: This macro refers to symbols and asect; these are from the
calling function, not the macro arguments. */
#define CALC_ADDEND(abfd, ptr, reloc, cache_ptr) \
{ \
coff_symbol_type *coffsym = (coff_symbol_type *) NULL; \
if (ptr && bfd_asymbol_bfd (ptr) != abfd) \
coffsym = (obj_symbols (abfd) \
+ (cache_ptr->sym_ptr_ptr - symbols)); \
else if (ptr) \
coffsym = coff_symbol_from (abfd, ptr); \
if (coffsym != (coff_symbol_type *) NULL \
&& coffsym->native->u.syment.n_scnum == 0) \
cache_ptr->addend = - coffsym->native->u.syment.n_value; \
else if (ptr && bfd_asymbol_bfd (ptr) == abfd \
&& ptr->section != (asection *) NULL) \
cache_ptr->addend = - (ptr->section->vma + ptr->value); \
else \
cache_ptr->addend = 0; \
if (ptr && (reloc.r_type == R_PCRBYTE \
|| reloc.r_type == R_PCRWORD \
|| reloc.r_type == R_PCRLONG)) \
cache_ptr->addend += asect->vma; \
#ifndef coff_rtype_to_howto
/* coff-m68k.c uses the special COFF backend linker. We need to
adjust common symbols. */
static reloc_howto_type *
m68kcoff_common_addend_rtype_to_howto (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
asection *sec,
struct internal_reloc *rel,
struct coff_link_hash_entry *h,
struct internal_syment *sym,
bfd_vma *addendp)
arelent relent;
reloc_howto_type *howto;
relent.howto = NULL;
RTYPE2HOWTO (&relent, rel);
howto = relent.howto;
if (howto->pc_relative)
*addendp += sec->vma;
if (sym != NULL && sym->n_scnum == 0 && sym->n_value != 0)
/* This is a common symbol. The section contents include the
size (sym->n_value) as an addend. The relocate_section
function will be adding in the final value of the symbol. We
need to subtract out the current size in order to get the
correct result. */
*addendp -= sym->n_value;
/* If the output symbol is common (in which case this must be a
relocatable link), we need to add in the final size of the
common symbol. */
if (h != NULL && h->root.type == bfd_link_hash_common)
*addendp += h->root.u.c.size;
return howto;
#define coff_rtype_to_howto m68kcoff_common_addend_rtype_to_howto
#endif /* ! defined (coff_rtype_to_howto) */
#if !defined ONLY_DECLARE_RELOCS && ! defined STATIC_RELOCS
/* Given a .data section and a .emreloc in-memory section, store
relocation information into the .emreloc section which can be
used at runtime to relocate the section. This is called by the
linker when the --embedded-relocs switch is used. This is called
after the add_symbols entry point has been called for all the
objects, and before the final_link entry point is called. */
bfd_m68k_coff_create_embedded_relocs (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
asection *datasec,
asection *relsec,
char **errmsg)
char *extsyms;
bfd_size_type symesz;
struct internal_reloc *irel, *irelend;
bfd_byte *p;
bfd_size_type amt;
BFD_ASSERT (! info->relocatable);
*errmsg = NULL;
if (datasec->reloc_count == 0)
return TRUE;
extsyms = obj_coff_external_syms (abfd);
symesz = bfd_coff_symesz (abfd);
irel = _bfd_coff_read_internal_relocs (abfd, datasec, TRUE, NULL, FALSE,
irelend = irel + datasec->reloc_count;
amt = (bfd_size_type) datasec->reloc_count * 12;
relsec->contents = (bfd_byte *) bfd_alloc (abfd, amt);
if (relsec->contents == NULL)
return FALSE;
p = relsec->contents;
for (; irel < irelend; irel++, p += 12)
asection *targetsec;
/* We are going to write a four byte longword into the runtime
reloc section. The longword will be the address in the data
section which must be relocated. It is followed by the name
of the target section NUL-padded or truncated to 8
characters. */
/* We can only relocate absolute longword relocs at run time. */
if (irel->r_type != R_RELLONG)
*errmsg = _("unsupported reloc type");
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_bad_value);
return FALSE;
if (irel->r_symndx == -1)
targetsec = bfd_abs_section_ptr;
struct coff_link_hash_entry *h;
h = obj_coff_sym_hashes (abfd)[irel->r_symndx];
if (h == NULL)
struct internal_syment isym;
bfd_coff_swap_sym_in (abfd, extsyms + symesz * irel->r_symndx,
targetsec = coff_section_from_bfd_index (abfd, isym.n_scnum);
else if (h->root.type == bfd_link_hash_defined
|| h->root.type == bfd_link_hash_defweak)
targetsec = h->root.u.def.section;
targetsec = NULL;
bfd_put_32 (abfd,
(irel->r_vaddr - datasec->vma + datasec->output_offset), p);
memset (p + 4, 0, 8);
if (targetsec != NULL)
strncpy ((char *) p + 4, targetsec->output_section->name, 8);
return TRUE;
#endif /* neither ONLY_DECLARE_RELOCS not STATIC_RELOCS */
#define coff_bfd_is_local_label_name m68k_coff_is_local_label_name
#define coff_relocate_section _bfd_coff_generic_relocate_section
#ifndef bfd_pe_print_pdata
#define bfd_pe_print_pdata NULL
#include "coffcode.h"
#ifndef TARGET_SYM
#define TARGET_SYM m68kcoff_vec
#define TARGET_NAME "coff-m68k"