[libc++] Take 2: Integrate the PSTL into libc++

This commit allows specifying LIBCXX_ENABLE_PARALLEL_ALGORITHMS when
configuring libc++ in CMake. When that option is enabled, libc++ will
assume that the PSTL can be found somewhere on the CMake module path,
and it will provide the C++17 parallel algorithms based on the PSTL
(that is assumed to be available).

The commit also adds support for running the PSTL tests as part of
the libc++ test suite.

The first attempt to commit this failed because it exposed a bug in the
tests for modules. Now that this has been fixed, it should be safe to
commit this.

Reviewers: EricWF

Subscribers: mgorny, christof, jkorous, dexonsmith, libcxx-commits, mclow.lists, EricWF

Tags: #libc

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D60480

git-svn-id: https://llvm.org/svn/llvm-project/libcxx/trunk@367903 91177308-0d34-0410-b5e6-96231b3b80d8
14 files changed