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//===--- SemaExprMember.cpp - Semantic Analysis for Expressions -----------===//
// The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
// This file implements semantic analysis member access expressions.
#include "clang/Sema/Overload.h"
#include "clang/AST/ASTLambda.h"
#include "clang/AST/DeclCXX.h"
#include "clang/AST/DeclObjC.h"
#include "clang/AST/DeclTemplate.h"
#include "clang/AST/ExprCXX.h"
#include "clang/AST/ExprObjC.h"
#include "clang/Lex/Preprocessor.h"
#include "clang/Sema/Lookup.h"
#include "clang/Sema/Scope.h"
#include "clang/Sema/ScopeInfo.h"
#include "clang/Sema/SemaInternal.h"
using namespace clang;
using namespace sema;
typedef llvm::SmallPtrSet<const CXXRecordDecl*, 4> BaseSet;
/// Determines if the given class is provably not derived from all of
/// the prospective base classes.
static bool isProvablyNotDerivedFrom(Sema &SemaRef, CXXRecordDecl *Record,
const BaseSet &Bases) {
auto BaseIsNotInSet = [&Bases](const CXXRecordDecl *Base) {
return !Bases.count(Base->getCanonicalDecl());
return BaseIsNotInSet(Record) && Record->forallBases(BaseIsNotInSet);
enum IMAKind {
/// The reference is definitely not an instance member access.
/// The reference may be an implicit instance member access.
/// The reference may be to an instance member, but it might be invalid if
/// so, because the context is not an instance method.
/// The reference may be to an instance member, but it is invalid if
/// so, because the context is from an unrelated class.
/// The reference is definitely an implicit instance member access.
/// The reference may be to an unresolved using declaration.
/// The reference is a contextually-permitted abstract member reference.
/// The reference may be to an unresolved using declaration and the
/// context is not an instance method.
// The reference refers to a field which is not a member of the containing
// class, which is allowed because we're in C++11 mode and the context is
// unevaluated.
/// All possible referrents are instance members and the current
/// context is not an instance method.
/// All possible referrents are instance members of an unrelated
/// class.
/// The given lookup names class member(s) and is not being used for
/// an address-of-member expression. Classify the type of access
/// according to whether it's possible that this reference names an
/// instance member. This is best-effort in dependent contexts; it is okay to
/// conservatively answer "yes", in which case some errors will simply
/// not be caught until template-instantiation.
static IMAKind ClassifyImplicitMemberAccess(Sema &SemaRef,
const LookupResult &R) {
assert(!R.empty() && (*R.begin())->isCXXClassMember());
DeclContext *DC = SemaRef.getFunctionLevelDeclContext();
bool isStaticContext = SemaRef.CXXThisTypeOverride.isNull() &&
(!isa<CXXMethodDecl>(DC) || cast<CXXMethodDecl>(DC)->isStatic());
if (R.isUnresolvableResult())
return isStaticContext ? IMA_Unresolved_StaticContext : IMA_Unresolved;
// Collect all the declaring classes of instance members we find.
bool hasNonInstance = false;
bool isField = false;
BaseSet Classes;
for (NamedDecl *D : R) {
// Look through any using decls.
D = D->getUnderlyingDecl();
if (D->isCXXInstanceMember()) {
isField |= isa<FieldDecl>(D) || isa<MSPropertyDecl>(D) ||
CXXRecordDecl *R = cast<CXXRecordDecl>(D->getDeclContext());
} else
hasNonInstance = true;
// If we didn't find any instance members, it can't be an implicit
// member reference.
if (Classes.empty())
return IMA_Static;
// C++11 [expr.prim.general]p12:
// An id-expression that denotes a non-static data member or non-static
// member function of a class can only be used:
// (...)
// - if that id-expression denotes a non-static data member and it
// appears in an unevaluated operand.
// This rule is specific to C++11. However, we also permit this form
// in unevaluated inline assembly operands, like the operand to a SIZE.
IMAKind AbstractInstanceResult = IMA_Static; // happens to be 'false'
switch (SemaRef.ExprEvalContexts.back().Context) {
case Sema::ExpressionEvaluationContext::Unevaluated:
case Sema::ExpressionEvaluationContext::UnevaluatedList:
if (isField && SemaRef.getLangOpts().CPlusPlus11)
AbstractInstanceResult = IMA_Field_Uneval_Context;
case Sema::ExpressionEvaluationContext::UnevaluatedAbstract:
AbstractInstanceResult = IMA_Abstract;
case Sema::ExpressionEvaluationContext::DiscardedStatement:
case Sema::ExpressionEvaluationContext::ConstantEvaluated:
case Sema::ExpressionEvaluationContext::PotentiallyEvaluated:
case Sema::ExpressionEvaluationContext::PotentiallyEvaluatedIfUsed:
// If the current context is not an instance method, it can't be
// an implicit member reference.
if (isStaticContext) {
if (hasNonInstance)
return IMA_Mixed_StaticContext;
return AbstractInstanceResult ? AbstractInstanceResult
: IMA_Error_StaticContext;
CXXRecordDecl *contextClass;
if (CXXMethodDecl *MD = dyn_cast<CXXMethodDecl>(DC))
contextClass = MD->getParent()->getCanonicalDecl();
contextClass = cast<CXXRecordDecl>(DC);
// [class.mfct.non-static]p3:
// used in the body of a non-static member function of class X,
// if name lookup (3.4.1) resolves the name in the id-expression to a
// non-static non-type member of some class C [...]
// ...if C is not X or a base class of X, the class member access expression
// is ill-formed.
if (R.getNamingClass() &&
contextClass->getCanonicalDecl() !=
R.getNamingClass()->getCanonicalDecl()) {
// If the naming class is not the current context, this was a qualified
// member name lookup, and it's sufficient to check that we have the naming
// class as a base class.
// If we can prove that the current context is unrelated to all the
// declaring classes, it can't be an implicit member reference (in
// which case it's an error if any of those members are selected).
if (isProvablyNotDerivedFrom(SemaRef, contextClass, Classes))
return hasNonInstance ? IMA_Mixed_Unrelated :
AbstractInstanceResult ? AbstractInstanceResult :
return (hasNonInstance ? IMA_Mixed : IMA_Instance);
/// Diagnose a reference to a field with no object available.
static void diagnoseInstanceReference(Sema &SemaRef,
const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
NamedDecl *Rep,
const DeclarationNameInfo &nameInfo) {
SourceLocation Loc = nameInfo.getLoc();
SourceRange Range(Loc);
if (SS.isSet()) Range.setBegin(SS.getRange().getBegin());
// Look through using shadow decls and aliases.
Rep = Rep->getUnderlyingDecl();
DeclContext *FunctionLevelDC = SemaRef.getFunctionLevelDeclContext();
CXXMethodDecl *Method = dyn_cast<CXXMethodDecl>(FunctionLevelDC);
CXXRecordDecl *ContextClass = Method ? Method->getParent() : nullptr;
CXXRecordDecl *RepClass = dyn_cast<CXXRecordDecl>(Rep->getDeclContext());
bool InStaticMethod = Method && Method->isStatic();
bool IsField = isa<FieldDecl>(Rep) || isa<IndirectFieldDecl>(Rep);
if (IsField && InStaticMethod)
// "invalid use of member 'x' in static member function"
SemaRef.Diag(Loc, diag::err_invalid_member_use_in_static_method)
<< Range << nameInfo.getName();
else if (ContextClass && RepClass && SS.isEmpty() && !InStaticMethod &&
!RepClass->Equals(ContextClass) && RepClass->Encloses(ContextClass))
// Unqualified lookup in a non-static member function found a member of an
// enclosing class.
SemaRef.Diag(Loc, diag::err_nested_non_static_member_use)
<< IsField << RepClass << nameInfo.getName() << ContextClass << Range;
else if (IsField)
SemaRef.Diag(Loc, diag::err_invalid_non_static_member_use)
<< nameInfo.getName() << Range;
SemaRef.Diag(Loc, diag::err_member_call_without_object)
<< Range;
/// Builds an expression which might be an implicit member expression.
Sema::BuildPossibleImplicitMemberExpr(const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc,
LookupResult &R,
const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs,
const Scope *S) {
switch (ClassifyImplicitMemberAccess(*this, R)) {
case IMA_Instance:
return BuildImplicitMemberExpr(SS, TemplateKWLoc, R, TemplateArgs, true, S);
case IMA_Mixed:
case IMA_Mixed_Unrelated:
case IMA_Unresolved:
return BuildImplicitMemberExpr(SS, TemplateKWLoc, R, TemplateArgs, false,
case IMA_Field_Uneval_Context:
Diag(R.getNameLoc(), diag::warn_cxx98_compat_non_static_member_use)
<< R.getLookupNameInfo().getName();
// Fall through.
case IMA_Static:
case IMA_Abstract:
case IMA_Mixed_StaticContext:
case IMA_Unresolved_StaticContext:
if (TemplateArgs || TemplateKWLoc.isValid())
return BuildTemplateIdExpr(SS, TemplateKWLoc, R, false, TemplateArgs);
return BuildDeclarationNameExpr(SS, R, false);
case IMA_Error_StaticContext:
case IMA_Error_Unrelated:
diagnoseInstanceReference(*this, SS, R.getRepresentativeDecl(),
return ExprError();
llvm_unreachable("unexpected instance member access kind");
/// Determine whether input char is from rgba component set.
static bool
IsRGBA(char c) {
switch (c) {
case 'r':
case 'g':
case 'b':
case 'a':
return true;
return false;
// OpenCL v1.1, s6.1.7
// The component swizzle length must be in accordance with the acceptable
// vector sizes.
static bool IsValidOpenCLComponentSwizzleLength(unsigned len)
return (len >= 1 && len <= 4) || len == 8 || len == 16;
/// Check an ext-vector component access expression.
/// VK should be set in advance to the value kind of the base
/// expression.
static QualType
CheckExtVectorComponent(Sema &S, QualType baseType, ExprValueKind &VK,
SourceLocation OpLoc, const IdentifierInfo *CompName,
SourceLocation CompLoc) {
// FIXME: Share logic with ExtVectorElementExpr::containsDuplicateElements,
// see FIXME there.
// FIXME: This logic can be greatly simplified by splitting it along
// halving/not halving and reworking the component checking.
const ExtVectorType *vecType = baseType->getAs<ExtVectorType>();
// The vector accessor can't exceed the number of elements.
const char *compStr = CompName->getNameStart();
// This flag determines whether or not the component is one of the four
// special names that indicate a subset of exactly half the elements are
// to be selected.
bool HalvingSwizzle = false;
// This flag determines whether or not CompName has an 's' char prefix,
// indicating that it is a string of hex values to be used as vector indices.
bool HexSwizzle = (*compStr == 's' || *compStr == 'S') && compStr[1];
bool HasRepeated = false;
bool HasIndex[16] = {};
int Idx;
// Check that we've found one of the special components, or that the component
// names must come from the same set.
if (!strcmp(compStr, "hi") || !strcmp(compStr, "lo") ||
!strcmp(compStr, "even") || !strcmp(compStr, "odd")) {
HalvingSwizzle = true;
} else if (!HexSwizzle &&
(Idx = vecType->getPointAccessorIdx(*compStr)) != -1) {
bool HasRGBA = IsRGBA(*compStr);
do {
// Ensure that xyzw and rgba components don't intermingle.
if (HasRGBA != IsRGBA(*compStr))
if (HasIndex[Idx]) HasRepeated = true;
HasIndex[Idx] = true;
} while (*compStr && (Idx = vecType->getPointAccessorIdx(*compStr)) != -1);
// Emit a warning if an rgba selector is used earlier than OpenCL 2.2
if (HasRGBA || (*compStr && IsRGBA(*compStr))) {
if (S.getLangOpts().OpenCL && S.getLangOpts().OpenCLVersion < 220) {
const char *DiagBegin = HasRGBA ? CompName->getNameStart() : compStr;
S.Diag(OpLoc, diag::ext_opencl_ext_vector_type_rgba_selector)
<< StringRef(DiagBegin, 1)
<< S.getLangOpts().OpenCLVersion << SourceRange(CompLoc);
} else {
if (HexSwizzle) compStr++;
while ((Idx = vecType->getNumericAccessorIdx(*compStr)) != -1) {
if (HasIndex[Idx]) HasRepeated = true;
HasIndex[Idx] = true;
if (!HalvingSwizzle && *compStr) {
// We didn't get to the end of the string. This means the component names
// didn't come from the same set *or* we encountered an illegal name.
S.Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_ext_vector_component_name_illegal)
<< StringRef(compStr, 1) << SourceRange(CompLoc);
return QualType();
// Ensure no component accessor exceeds the width of the vector type it
// operates on.
if (!HalvingSwizzle) {
compStr = CompName->getNameStart();
if (HexSwizzle)
while (*compStr) {
if (!vecType->isAccessorWithinNumElements(*compStr++, HexSwizzle)) {
S.Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_ext_vector_component_exceeds_length)
<< baseType << SourceRange(CompLoc);
return QualType();
// OpenCL mode requires swizzle length to be in accordance with accepted
// sizes. Clang however supports arbitrary lengths for other languages.
if (S.getLangOpts().OpenCL && !HalvingSwizzle) {
unsigned SwizzleLength = CompName->getLength();
if (HexSwizzle)
if (IsValidOpenCLComponentSwizzleLength(SwizzleLength) == false) {
S.Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_opencl_ext_vector_component_invalid_length)
<< SwizzleLength << SourceRange(CompLoc);
return QualType();
// The component accessor looks fine - now we need to compute the actual type.
// The vector type is implied by the component accessor. For example,
// vec4.b is a float, vec4.xy is a vec2, vec4.rgb is a vec3, etc.
// vec4.s0 is a float, vec4.s23 is a vec3, etc.
// vec4.hi, vec4.lo, vec4.e, and vec4.o all return vec2.
unsigned CompSize = HalvingSwizzle ? (vecType->getNumElements() + 1) / 2
: CompName->getLength();
if (HexSwizzle)
if (CompSize == 1)
return vecType->getElementType();
if (HasRepeated) VK = VK_RValue;
QualType VT = S.Context.getExtVectorType(vecType->getElementType(), CompSize);
// Now look up the TypeDefDecl from the vector type. Without this,
// diagostics look bad. We want extended vector types to appear built-in.
for (Sema::ExtVectorDeclsType::iterator
I = S.ExtVectorDecls.begin(S.getExternalSource()),
E = S.ExtVectorDecls.end();
I != E; ++I) {
if ((*I)->getUnderlyingType() == VT)
return S.Context.getTypedefType(*I);
return VT; // should never get here (a typedef type should always be found).
static Decl *FindGetterSetterNameDeclFromProtocolList(const ObjCProtocolDecl*PDecl,
IdentifierInfo *Member,
const Selector &Sel,
ASTContext &Context) {
if (Member)
if (ObjCPropertyDecl *PD = PDecl->FindPropertyDeclaration(
Member, ObjCPropertyQueryKind::OBJC_PR_query_instance))
return PD;
if (ObjCMethodDecl *OMD = PDecl->getInstanceMethod(Sel))
return OMD;
for (const auto *I : PDecl->protocols()) {
if (Decl *D = FindGetterSetterNameDeclFromProtocolList(I, Member, Sel,
return D;
return nullptr;
static Decl *FindGetterSetterNameDecl(const ObjCObjectPointerType *QIdTy,
IdentifierInfo *Member,
const Selector &Sel,
ASTContext &Context) {
// Check protocols on qualified interfaces.
Decl *GDecl = nullptr;
for (const auto *I : QIdTy->quals()) {
if (Member)
if (ObjCPropertyDecl *PD = I->FindPropertyDeclaration(
Member, ObjCPropertyQueryKind::OBJC_PR_query_instance)) {
GDecl = PD;
// Also must look for a getter or setter name which uses property syntax.
if (ObjCMethodDecl *OMD = I->getInstanceMethod(Sel)) {
GDecl = OMD;
if (!GDecl) {
for (const auto *I : QIdTy->quals()) {
// Search in the protocol-qualifier list of current protocol.
GDecl = FindGetterSetterNameDeclFromProtocolList(I, Member, Sel, Context);
if (GDecl)
return GDecl;
return GDecl;
Sema::ActOnDependentMemberExpr(Expr *BaseExpr, QualType BaseType,
bool IsArrow, SourceLocation OpLoc,
const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc,
NamedDecl *FirstQualifierInScope,
const DeclarationNameInfo &NameInfo,
const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs) {
// Even in dependent contexts, try to diagnose base expressions with
// obviously wrong types, e.g.:
// T* t;
// t.f;
// In Obj-C++, however, the above expression is valid, since it could be
// accessing the 'f' property if T is an Obj-C interface. The extra check
// allows this, while still reporting an error if T is a struct pointer.
if (!IsArrow) {
const PointerType *PT = BaseType->getAs<PointerType>();
if (PT && (!getLangOpts().ObjC1 ||
PT->getPointeeType()->isRecordType())) {
assert(BaseExpr && "cannot happen with implicit member accesses");
Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_struct_union)
<< BaseType << BaseExpr->getSourceRange() << NameInfo.getSourceRange();
return ExprError();
assert(BaseType->isDependentType() ||
NameInfo.getName().isDependentName() ||
// Get the type being accessed in BaseType. If this is an arrow, the BaseExpr
// must have pointer type, and the accessed type is the pointee.
return CXXDependentScopeMemberExpr::Create(
Context, BaseExpr, BaseType, IsArrow, OpLoc,
SS.getWithLocInContext(Context), TemplateKWLoc, FirstQualifierInScope,
NameInfo, TemplateArgs);
/// We know that the given qualified member reference points only to
/// declarations which do not belong to the static type of the base
/// expression. Diagnose the problem.
static void DiagnoseQualifiedMemberReference(Sema &SemaRef,
Expr *BaseExpr,
QualType BaseType,
const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
NamedDecl *rep,
const DeclarationNameInfo &nameInfo) {
// If this is an implicit member access, use a different set of
// diagnostics.
if (!BaseExpr)
return diagnoseInstanceReference(SemaRef, SS, rep, nameInfo);
SemaRef.Diag(nameInfo.getLoc(), diag::err_qualified_member_of_unrelated)
<< SS.getRange() << rep << BaseType;
// Check whether the declarations we found through a nested-name
// specifier in a member expression are actually members of the base
// type. The restriction here is:
// C++ [expr.ref]p2:
// ... In these cases, the id-expression shall name a
// member of the class or of one of its base classes.
// So it's perfectly legitimate for the nested-name specifier to name
// an unrelated class, and for us to find an overload set including
// decls from classes which are not superclasses, as long as the decl
// we actually pick through overload resolution is from a superclass.
bool Sema::CheckQualifiedMemberReference(Expr *BaseExpr,
QualType BaseType,
const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
const LookupResult &R) {
CXXRecordDecl *BaseRecord =
if (!BaseRecord) {
// We can't check this yet because the base type is still
// dependent.
return false;
for (LookupResult::iterator I = R.begin(), E = R.end(); I != E; ++I) {
// If this is an implicit member reference and we find a
// non-instance member, it's not an error.
if (!BaseExpr && !(*I)->isCXXInstanceMember())
return false;
// Note that we use the DC of the decl, not the underlying decl.
DeclContext *DC = (*I)->getDeclContext();
while (DC->isTransparentContext())
DC = DC->getParent();
if (!DC->isRecord())
CXXRecordDecl *MemberRecord = cast<CXXRecordDecl>(DC)->getCanonicalDecl();
if (BaseRecord->getCanonicalDecl() == MemberRecord ||
return false;
DiagnoseQualifiedMemberReference(*this, BaseExpr, BaseType, SS,
return true;
namespace {
// Callback to only accept typo corrections that are either a ValueDecl or a
// FunctionTemplateDecl and are declared in the current record or, for a C++
// classes, one of its base classes.
class RecordMemberExprValidatorCCC : public CorrectionCandidateCallback {
explicit RecordMemberExprValidatorCCC(const RecordType *RTy)
: Record(RTy->getDecl()) {
// Don't add bare keywords to the consumer since they will always fail
// validation by virtue of not being associated with any decls.
WantTypeSpecifiers = false;
WantExpressionKeywords = false;
WantCXXNamedCasts = false;
WantFunctionLikeCasts = false;
WantRemainingKeywords = false;
bool ValidateCandidate(const TypoCorrection &candidate) override {
NamedDecl *ND = candidate.getCorrectionDecl();
// Don't accept candidates that cannot be member functions, constants,
// variables, or templates.
if (!ND || !(isa<ValueDecl>(ND) || isa<FunctionTemplateDecl>(ND)))
return false;
// Accept candidates that occur in the current record.
if (Record->containsDecl(ND))
return true;
if (const CXXRecordDecl *RD = dyn_cast<CXXRecordDecl>(Record)) {
// Accept candidates that occur in any of the current class' base classes.
for (const auto &BS : RD->bases()) {
if (const RecordType *BSTy =
dyn_cast_or_null<RecordType>(BS.getType().getTypePtrOrNull())) {
if (BSTy->getDecl()->containsDecl(ND))
return true;
return false;
const RecordDecl *const Record;
static bool LookupMemberExprInRecord(Sema &SemaRef, LookupResult &R,
Expr *BaseExpr,
const RecordType *RTy,
SourceLocation OpLoc, bool IsArrow,
CXXScopeSpec &SS, bool HasTemplateArgs,
TypoExpr *&TE) {
SourceRange BaseRange = BaseExpr ? BaseExpr->getSourceRange() : SourceRange();
RecordDecl *RDecl = RTy->getDecl();
if (!SemaRef.isThisOutsideMemberFunctionBody(QualType(RTy, 0)) &&
SemaRef.RequireCompleteType(OpLoc, QualType(RTy, 0),
return true;
if (HasTemplateArgs) {
// LookupTemplateName doesn't expect these both to exist simultaneously.
QualType ObjectType = SS.isSet() ? QualType() : QualType(RTy, 0);
bool MOUS;
SemaRef.LookupTemplateName(R, nullptr, SS, ObjectType, false, MOUS);
return false;
DeclContext *DC = RDecl;
if (SS.isSet()) {
// If the member name was a qualified-id, look into the
// nested-name-specifier.
DC = SemaRef.computeDeclContext(SS, false);
if (SemaRef.RequireCompleteDeclContext(SS, DC)) {
SemaRef.Diag(SS.getRange().getEnd(), diag::err_typecheck_incomplete_tag)
<< SS.getRange() << DC;
return true;
assert(DC && "Cannot handle non-computable dependent contexts in lookup");
if (!isa<TypeDecl>(DC)) {
SemaRef.Diag(R.getNameLoc(), diag::err_qualified_member_nonclass)
<< DC << SS.getRange();
return true;
// The record definition is complete, now look up the member.
SemaRef.LookupQualifiedName(R, DC, SS);
if (!R.empty())
return false;
DeclarationName Typo = R.getLookupName();
SourceLocation TypoLoc = R.getNameLoc();
struct QueryState {
Sema &SemaRef;
DeclarationNameInfo NameInfo;
Sema::LookupNameKind LookupKind;
Sema::RedeclarationKind Redecl;
QueryState Q = {R.getSema(), R.getLookupNameInfo(), R.getLookupKind(),
TE = SemaRef.CorrectTypoDelayed(
R.getLookupNameInfo(), R.getLookupKind(), nullptr, &SS,
[=, &SemaRef](const TypoCorrection &TC) {
if (TC) {
assert(!TC.isKeyword() &&
"Got a keyword as a correction for a member!");
bool DroppedSpecifier =
TC.WillReplaceSpecifier() &&
Typo.getAsString() == TC.getAsString(SemaRef.getLangOpts());
SemaRef.diagnoseTypo(TC, SemaRef.PDiag(diag::err_no_member_suggest)
<< Typo << DC << DroppedSpecifier
<< SS.getRange());
} else {
SemaRef.Diag(TypoLoc, diag::err_no_member) << Typo << DC << BaseRange;
[=](Sema &SemaRef, TypoExpr *TE, TypoCorrection TC) mutable {
LookupResult R(Q.SemaRef, Q.NameInfo, Q.LookupKind, Q.Redecl);
R.clear(); // Ensure there's no decls lingering in the shared state.
for (NamedDecl *ND : TC)
return SemaRef.BuildMemberReferenceExpr(
BaseExpr, BaseExpr->getType(), OpLoc, IsArrow, SS, SourceLocation(),
nullptr, R, nullptr, nullptr);
Sema::CTK_ErrorRecovery, DC);
return false;
static ExprResult LookupMemberExpr(Sema &S, LookupResult &R,
ExprResult &BaseExpr, bool &IsArrow,
SourceLocation OpLoc, CXXScopeSpec &SS,
Decl *ObjCImpDecl, bool HasTemplateArgs);
Sema::BuildMemberReferenceExpr(Expr *Base, QualType BaseType,
SourceLocation OpLoc, bool IsArrow,
CXXScopeSpec &SS,
SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc,
NamedDecl *FirstQualifierInScope,
const DeclarationNameInfo &NameInfo,
const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs,
const Scope *S,
ActOnMemberAccessExtraArgs *ExtraArgs) {
if (BaseType->isDependentType() ||
(SS.isSet() && isDependentScopeSpecifier(SS)))
return ActOnDependentMemberExpr(Base, BaseType,
IsArrow, OpLoc,
SS, TemplateKWLoc, FirstQualifierInScope,
NameInfo, TemplateArgs);
LookupResult R(*this, NameInfo, LookupMemberName);
// Implicit member accesses.
if (!Base) {
TypoExpr *TE = nullptr;
QualType RecordTy = BaseType;
if (IsArrow) RecordTy = RecordTy->getAs<PointerType>()->getPointeeType();
if (LookupMemberExprInRecord(*this, R, nullptr,
RecordTy->getAs<RecordType>(), OpLoc, IsArrow,
SS, TemplateArgs != nullptr, TE))
return ExprError();
if (TE)
return TE;
// Explicit member accesses.
} else {
ExprResult BaseResult = Base;
ExprResult Result = LookupMemberExpr(
*this, R, BaseResult, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ExtraArgs ? ExtraArgs->ObjCImpDecl : nullptr,
TemplateArgs != nullptr);
if (BaseResult.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
Base = BaseResult.get();
if (Result.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
if (Result.get())
return Result;
// LookupMemberExpr can modify Base, and thus change BaseType
BaseType = Base->getType();
return BuildMemberReferenceExpr(Base, BaseType,
OpLoc, IsArrow, SS, TemplateKWLoc,
FirstQualifierInScope, R, TemplateArgs, S,
false, ExtraArgs);
Sema::BuildAnonymousStructUnionMemberReference(const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
SourceLocation loc,
IndirectFieldDecl *indirectField,
DeclAccessPair foundDecl,
Expr *baseObjectExpr,
SourceLocation opLoc) {
// First, build the expression that refers to the base object.
bool baseObjectIsPointer = false;
Qualifiers baseQuals;
// Case 1: the base of the indirect field is not a field.
VarDecl *baseVariable = indirectField->getVarDecl();
CXXScopeSpec EmptySS;
if (baseVariable) {
// In principle we could have a member access expression that
// accesses an anonymous struct/union that's a static member of
// the base object's class. However, under the current standard,
// static data members cannot be anonymous structs or unions.
// Supporting this is as easy as building a MemberExpr here.
assert(!baseObjectExpr && "anonymous struct/union is static data member?");
DeclarationNameInfo baseNameInfo(DeclarationName(), loc);
ExprResult result
= BuildDeclarationNameExpr(EmptySS, baseNameInfo, baseVariable);
if (result.isInvalid()) return ExprError();
baseObjectExpr = result.get();
baseObjectIsPointer = false;
baseQuals = baseObjectExpr->getType().getQualifiers();
// Case 2: the base of the indirect field is a field and the user
// wrote a member expression.
} else if (baseObjectExpr) {
// The caller provided the base object expression. Determine
// whether its a pointer and whether it adds any qualifiers to the
// anonymous struct/union fields we're looking into.
QualType objectType = baseObjectExpr->getType();
if (const PointerType *ptr = objectType->getAs<PointerType>()) {
baseObjectIsPointer = true;
objectType = ptr->getPointeeType();
} else {
baseObjectIsPointer = false;
baseQuals = objectType.getQualifiers();
// Case 3: the base of the indirect field is a field and we should
// build an implicit member access.
} else {
// We've found a member of an anonymous struct/union that is
// inside a non-anonymous struct/union, so in a well-formed
// program our base object expression is "this".
QualType ThisTy = getCurrentThisType();
if (ThisTy.isNull()) {
Diag(loc, diag::err_invalid_member_use_in_static_method)
<< indirectField->getDeclName();
return ExprError();
// Our base object expression is "this".
= new (Context) CXXThisExpr(loc, ThisTy, /*isImplicit=*/ true);
baseObjectIsPointer = true;
baseQuals = ThisTy->castAs<PointerType>()->getPointeeType().getQualifiers();
// Build the implicit member references to the field of the
// anonymous struct/union.
Expr *result = baseObjectExpr;
FI = indirectField->chain_begin(), FEnd = indirectField->chain_end();
// Build the first member access in the chain with full information.
if (!baseVariable) {
FieldDecl *field = cast<FieldDecl>(*FI);
// Make a nameInfo that properly uses the anonymous name.
DeclarationNameInfo memberNameInfo(field->getDeclName(), loc);
result = BuildFieldReferenceExpr(result, baseObjectIsPointer,
SourceLocation(), EmptySS, field,
foundDecl, memberNameInfo).get();
if (!result)
return ExprError();
// FIXME: check qualified member access
// In all cases, we should now skip the first declaration in the chain.
while (FI != FEnd) {
FieldDecl *field = cast<FieldDecl>(*FI++);
// FIXME: these are somewhat meaningless
DeclarationNameInfo memberNameInfo(field->getDeclName(), loc);
DeclAccessPair fakeFoundDecl =
DeclAccessPair::make(field, field->getAccess());
result =
BuildFieldReferenceExpr(result, /*isarrow*/ false, SourceLocation(),
(FI == FEnd ? SS : EmptySS), field,
fakeFoundDecl, memberNameInfo)
return result;
static ExprResult
BuildMSPropertyRefExpr(Sema &S, Expr *BaseExpr, bool IsArrow,
const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
MSPropertyDecl *PD,
const DeclarationNameInfo &NameInfo) {
// Property names are always simple identifiers and therefore never
// require any interesting additional storage.
return new (S.Context) MSPropertyRefExpr(BaseExpr, PD, IsArrow,
S.Context.PseudoObjectTy, VK_LValue,
/// \brief Build a MemberExpr AST node.
static MemberExpr *BuildMemberExpr(
Sema &SemaRef, ASTContext &C, Expr *Base, bool isArrow,
SourceLocation OpLoc, const CXXScopeSpec &SS, SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc,
ValueDecl *Member, DeclAccessPair FoundDecl,
const DeclarationNameInfo &MemberNameInfo, QualType Ty, ExprValueKind VK,
ExprObjectKind OK, const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs = nullptr) {
assert((!isArrow || Base->isRValue()) && "-> base must be a pointer rvalue");
MemberExpr *E = MemberExpr::Create(
C, Base, isArrow, OpLoc, SS.getWithLocInContext(C), TemplateKWLoc, Member,
FoundDecl, MemberNameInfo, TemplateArgs, Ty, VK, OK);
return E;
/// \brief Determine if the given scope is within a function-try-block handler.
static bool IsInFnTryBlockHandler(const Scope *S) {
// Walk the scope stack until finding a FnTryCatchScope, or leave the
// function scope. If a FnTryCatchScope is found, check whether the TryScope
// flag is set. If it is not, it's a function-try-block handler.
for (; S != S->getFnParent(); S = S->getParent()) {
if (S->getFlags() & Scope::FnTryCatchScope)
return (S->getFlags() & Scope::TryScope) != Scope::TryScope;
return false;
static VarDecl *
getVarTemplateSpecialization(Sema &S, VarTemplateDecl *VarTempl,
const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs,
const DeclarationNameInfo &MemberNameInfo,
SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc) {
if (!TemplateArgs) {
S.Diag(MemberNameInfo.getBeginLoc(), diag::err_template_decl_ref)
<< /*Variable template*/ 1 << MemberNameInfo.getName()
<< MemberNameInfo.getSourceRange();
S.Diag(VarTempl->getLocation(), diag::note_template_decl_here);
return nullptr;
DeclResult VDecl = S.CheckVarTemplateId(
VarTempl, TemplateKWLoc, MemberNameInfo.getLoc(), *TemplateArgs);
if (VDecl.isInvalid())
return nullptr;
VarDecl *Var = cast<VarDecl>(VDecl.get());
if (!Var->getTemplateSpecializationKind())
return Var;
Sema::BuildMemberReferenceExpr(Expr *BaseExpr, QualType BaseExprType,
SourceLocation OpLoc, bool IsArrow,
const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc,
NamedDecl *FirstQualifierInScope,
LookupResult &R,
const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs,
const Scope *S,
bool SuppressQualifierCheck,
ActOnMemberAccessExtraArgs *ExtraArgs) {
QualType BaseType = BaseExprType;
if (IsArrow) {
BaseType = BaseType->castAs<PointerType>()->getPointeeType();
// C++1z [expr.ref]p2:
// For the first option (dot) the first expression shall be a glvalue [...]
if (!IsArrow && BaseExpr && BaseExpr->isRValue()) {
ExprResult Converted = TemporaryMaterializationConversion(BaseExpr);
if (Converted.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
BaseExpr = Converted.get();
const DeclarationNameInfo &MemberNameInfo = R.getLookupNameInfo();
DeclarationName MemberName = MemberNameInfo.getName();
SourceLocation MemberLoc = MemberNameInfo.getLoc();
if (R.isAmbiguous())
return ExprError();
// [except.handle]p10: Referring to any non-static member or base class of an
// object in the handler for a function-try-block of a constructor or
// destructor for that object results in undefined behavior.
const auto *FD = getCurFunctionDecl();
if (S && BaseExpr && FD &&
(isa<CXXDestructorDecl>(FD) || isa<CXXConstructorDecl>(FD)) &&
isa<CXXThisExpr>(BaseExpr->IgnoreImpCasts()) &&
Diag(MemberLoc, diag::warn_cdtor_function_try_handler_mem_expr)
<< isa<CXXDestructorDecl>(FD);
if (R.empty()) {
// Rederive where we looked up.
DeclContext *DC = (SS.isSet()
? computeDeclContext(SS, false)
: BaseType->getAs<RecordType>()->getDecl());
if (ExtraArgs) {
ExprResult RetryExpr;
if (!IsArrow && BaseExpr) {
SFINAETrap Trap(*this, true);
ParsedType ObjectType;
bool MayBePseudoDestructor = false;
RetryExpr = ActOnStartCXXMemberReference(getCurScope(), BaseExpr,
OpLoc, tok::arrow, ObjectType,
if (RetryExpr.isUsable() && !Trap.hasErrorOccurred()) {
CXXScopeSpec TempSS(SS);
RetryExpr = ActOnMemberAccessExpr(
ExtraArgs->S, RetryExpr.get(), OpLoc, tok::arrow, TempSS,
TemplateKWLoc, ExtraArgs->Id, ExtraArgs->ObjCImpDecl);
if (Trap.hasErrorOccurred())
RetryExpr = ExprError();
if (RetryExpr.isUsable()) {
Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_no_member_overloaded_arrow)
<< MemberName << DC << FixItHint::CreateReplacement(OpLoc, "->");
return RetryExpr;
Diag(R.getNameLoc(), diag::err_no_member)
<< MemberName << DC
<< (BaseExpr ? BaseExpr->getSourceRange() : SourceRange());
return ExprError();
// Diagnose lookups that find only declarations from a non-base
// type. This is possible for either qualified lookups (which may
// have been qualified with an unrelated type) or implicit member
// expressions (which were found with unqualified lookup and thus
// may have come from an enclosing scope). Note that it's okay for
// lookup to find declarations from a non-base type as long as those
// aren't the ones picked by overload resolution.
if ((SS.isSet() || !BaseExpr ||
(isa<CXXThisExpr>(BaseExpr) &&
cast<CXXThisExpr>(BaseExpr)->isImplicit())) &&
!SuppressQualifierCheck &&
CheckQualifiedMemberReference(BaseExpr, BaseType, SS, R))
return ExprError();
// Construct an unresolved result if we in fact got an unresolved
// result.
if (R.isOverloadedResult() || R.isUnresolvableResult()) {
// Suppress any lookup-related diagnostics; we'll do these when we
// pick a member.
UnresolvedMemberExpr *MemExpr
= UnresolvedMemberExpr::Create(Context, R.isUnresolvableResult(),
BaseExpr, BaseExprType,
IsArrow, OpLoc,
TemplateKWLoc, MemberNameInfo,
TemplateArgs, R.begin(), R.end());
return MemExpr;
DeclAccessPair FoundDecl = R.begin().getPair();
NamedDecl *MemberDecl = R.getFoundDecl();
// FIXME: diagnose the presence of template arguments now.
// If the decl being referenced had an error, return an error for this
// sub-expr without emitting another error, in order to avoid cascading
// error cases.
if (MemberDecl->isInvalidDecl())
return ExprError();
// Handle the implicit-member-access case.
if (!BaseExpr) {
// If this is not an instance member, convert to a non-member access.
if (!MemberDecl->isCXXInstanceMember()) {
// If this is a variable template, get the instantiated variable
// declaration corresponding to the supplied template arguments
// (while emitting diagnostics as necessary) that will be referenced
// by this expression.
assert((!TemplateArgs || isa<VarTemplateDecl>(MemberDecl)) &&
"How did we get template arguments here sans a variable template");
if (isa<VarTemplateDecl>(MemberDecl)) {
MemberDecl = getVarTemplateSpecialization(
*this, cast<VarTemplateDecl>(MemberDecl), TemplateArgs,
R.getLookupNameInfo(), TemplateKWLoc);
if (!MemberDecl)
return ExprError();
return BuildDeclarationNameExpr(SS, R.getLookupNameInfo(), MemberDecl,
FoundDecl, TemplateArgs);
SourceLocation Loc = R.getNameLoc();
if (SS.getRange().isValid())
Loc = SS.getRange().getBegin();
BaseExpr = new (Context) CXXThisExpr(Loc, BaseExprType,/*isImplicit=*/true);
// Check the use of this member.
if (DiagnoseUseOfDecl(MemberDecl, MemberLoc))
return ExprError();
if (FieldDecl *FD = dyn_cast<FieldDecl>(MemberDecl))
return BuildFieldReferenceExpr(BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS, FD, FoundDecl,
if (MSPropertyDecl *PD = dyn_cast<MSPropertyDecl>(MemberDecl))
return BuildMSPropertyRefExpr(*this, BaseExpr, IsArrow, SS, PD,
if (IndirectFieldDecl *FD = dyn_cast<IndirectFieldDecl>(MemberDecl))
// We may have found a field within an anonymous union or struct
// (C++ [class.union]).
return BuildAnonymousStructUnionMemberReference(SS, MemberLoc, FD,
FoundDecl, BaseExpr,
if (VarDecl *Var = dyn_cast<VarDecl>(MemberDecl)) {
return BuildMemberExpr(*this, Context, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
TemplateKWLoc, Var, FoundDecl, MemberNameInfo,
Var->getType().getNonReferenceType(), VK_LValue,
if (CXXMethodDecl *MemberFn = dyn_cast<CXXMethodDecl>(MemberDecl)) {
ExprValueKind valueKind;
QualType type;
if (MemberFn->isInstance()) {
valueKind = VK_RValue;
type = Context.BoundMemberTy;
} else {
valueKind = VK_LValue;
type = MemberFn->getType();
return BuildMemberExpr(*this, Context, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
TemplateKWLoc, MemberFn, FoundDecl, MemberNameInfo,
type, valueKind, OK_Ordinary);
assert(!isa<FunctionDecl>(MemberDecl) && "member function not C++ method?");
if (EnumConstantDecl *Enum = dyn_cast<EnumConstantDecl>(MemberDecl)) {
return BuildMemberExpr(*this, Context, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
TemplateKWLoc, Enum, FoundDecl, MemberNameInfo,
Enum->getType(), VK_RValue, OK_Ordinary);
if (VarTemplateDecl *VarTempl = dyn_cast<VarTemplateDecl>(MemberDecl)) {
if (VarDecl *Var = getVarTemplateSpecialization(
*this, VarTempl, TemplateArgs, MemberNameInfo, TemplateKWLoc))
return BuildMemberExpr(*this, Context, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
TemplateKWLoc, Var, FoundDecl, MemberNameInfo,
Var->getType().getNonReferenceType(), VK_LValue,
return ExprError();
// We found something that we didn't expect. Complain.
if (isa<TypeDecl>(MemberDecl))
Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_type)
<< MemberName << BaseType << int(IsArrow);
Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_unknown)
<< MemberName << BaseType << int(IsArrow);
Diag(MemberDecl->getLocation(), diag::note_member_declared_here)
<< MemberName;
return ExprError();
/// Given that normal member access failed on the given expression,
/// and given that the expression's type involves builtin-id or
/// builtin-Class, decide whether substituting in the redefinition
/// types would be profitable. The redefinition type is whatever
/// this translation unit tried to typedef to id/Class; we store
/// it to the side and then re-use it in places like this.
static bool ShouldTryAgainWithRedefinitionType(Sema &S, ExprResult &base) {
const ObjCObjectPointerType *opty
= base.get()->getType()->getAs<ObjCObjectPointerType>();
if (!opty) return false;
const ObjCObjectType *ty = opty->getObjectType();
QualType redef;
if (ty->isObjCId()) {
redef = S.Context.getObjCIdRedefinitionType();
} else if (ty->isObjCClass()) {
redef = S.Context.getObjCClassRedefinitionType();
} else {
return false;
// Do the substitution as long as the redefinition type isn't just a
// possibly-qualified pointer to builtin-id or builtin-Class again.
opty = redef->getAs<ObjCObjectPointerType>();
if (opty && !opty->getObjectType()->getInterface())
return false;
base = S.ImpCastExprToType(base.get(), redef, CK_BitCast);
return true;
static bool isRecordType(QualType T) {
return T->isRecordType();
static bool isPointerToRecordType(QualType T) {
if (const PointerType *PT = T->getAs<PointerType>())
return PT->getPointeeType()->isRecordType();
return false;
/// Perform conversions on the LHS of a member access expression.
Sema::PerformMemberExprBaseConversion(Expr *Base, bool IsArrow) {
if (IsArrow && !Base->getType()->isFunctionType())
return DefaultFunctionArrayLvalueConversion(Base);
return CheckPlaceholderExpr(Base);
/// Look up the given member of the given non-type-dependent
/// expression. This can return in one of two ways:
/// * If it returns a sentinel null-but-valid result, the caller will
/// assume that lookup was performed and the results written into
/// the provided structure. It will take over from there.
/// * Otherwise, the returned expression will be produced in place of
/// an ordinary member expression.
/// The ObjCImpDecl bit is a gross hack that will need to be properly
/// fixed for ObjC++.
static ExprResult LookupMemberExpr(Sema &S, LookupResult &R,
ExprResult &BaseExpr, bool &IsArrow,
SourceLocation OpLoc, CXXScopeSpec &SS,
Decl *ObjCImpDecl, bool HasTemplateArgs) {
assert(BaseExpr.get() && "no base expression");
// Perform default conversions.
BaseExpr = S.PerformMemberExprBaseConversion(BaseExpr.get(), IsArrow);
if (BaseExpr.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
QualType BaseType = BaseExpr.get()->getType();
DeclarationName MemberName = R.getLookupName();
SourceLocation MemberLoc = R.getNameLoc();
// For later type-checking purposes, turn arrow accesses into dot
// accesses. The only access type we support that doesn't follow
// the C equivalence "a->b === (*a).b" is ObjC property accesses,
// and those never use arrows, so this is unaffected.
if (IsArrow) {
if (const PointerType *Ptr = BaseType->getAs<PointerType>())
BaseType = Ptr->getPointeeType();
else if (const ObjCObjectPointerType *Ptr
= BaseType->getAs<ObjCObjectPointerType>())
BaseType = Ptr->getPointeeType();
else if (BaseType->isRecordType()) {
// Recover from arrow accesses to records, e.g.:
// struct MyRecord foo;
// foo->bar
// This is actually well-formed in C++ if MyRecord has an
// overloaded operator->, but that should have been dealt with
// by now--or a diagnostic message already issued if a problem
// was encountered while looking for the overloaded operator->.
if (!S.getLangOpts().CPlusPlus) {
S.Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_suggestion)
<< BaseType << int(IsArrow) << BaseExpr.get()->getSourceRange()
<< FixItHint::CreateReplacement(OpLoc, ".");
IsArrow = false;
} else if (BaseType->isFunctionType()) {
goto fail;
} else {
S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_arrow)
<< BaseType << BaseExpr.get()->getSourceRange();
return ExprError();
// Handle field access to simple records.
if (const RecordType *RTy = BaseType->getAs<RecordType>()) {
TypoExpr *TE = nullptr;
if (LookupMemberExprInRecord(S, R, BaseExpr.get(), RTy,
OpLoc, IsArrow, SS, HasTemplateArgs, TE))
return ExprError();
// Returning valid-but-null is how we indicate to the caller that
// the lookup result was filled in. If typo correction was attempted and
// failed, the lookup result will have been cleared--that combined with the
// valid-but-null ExprResult will trigger the appropriate diagnostics.
return ExprResult(TE);
// Handle ivar access to Objective-C objects.
if (const ObjCObjectType *OTy = BaseType->getAs<ObjCObjectType>()) {
if (!SS.isEmpty() && !SS.isInvalid()) {
S.Diag(SS.getRange().getBegin(), diag::err_qualified_objc_access)
<< 1 << SS.getScopeRep()
<< FixItHint::CreateRemoval(SS.getRange());
IdentifierInfo *Member = MemberName.getAsIdentifierInfo();
// There are three cases for the base type:
// - builtin id (qualified or unqualified)
// - builtin Class (qualified or unqualified)
// - an interface
ObjCInterfaceDecl *IDecl = OTy->getInterface();
if (!IDecl) {
if (S.getLangOpts().ObjCAutoRefCount &&
(OTy->isObjCId() || OTy->isObjCClass()))
goto fail;
// There's an implicit 'isa' ivar on all objects.
// But we only actually find it this way on objects of type 'id',
// apparently.
if (OTy->isObjCId() && Member->isStr("isa"))
return new (S.Context) ObjCIsaExpr(BaseExpr.get(), IsArrow, MemberLoc,
OpLoc, S.Context.getObjCClassType());
if (ShouldTryAgainWithRedefinitionType(S, BaseExpr))
return LookupMemberExpr(S, R, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ObjCImpDecl, HasTemplateArgs);
goto fail;
if (S.RequireCompleteType(OpLoc, BaseType,
return ExprError();
ObjCInterfaceDecl *ClassDeclared = nullptr;
ObjCIvarDecl *IV = IDecl->lookupInstanceVariable(Member, ClassDeclared);
if (!IV) {
// Attempt to correct for typos in ivar names.
auto Validator = llvm::make_unique<DeclFilterCCC<ObjCIvarDecl>>();
Validator->IsObjCIvarLookup = IsArrow;
if (TypoCorrection Corrected = S.CorrectTypo(
R.getLookupNameInfo(), Sema::LookupMemberName, nullptr, nullptr,
std::move(Validator), Sema::CTK_ErrorRecovery, IDecl)) {
IV = Corrected.getCorrectionDeclAs<ObjCIvarDecl>();
<< IDecl->getDeclName() << MemberName);
// Figure out the class that declares the ivar.
Decl *D = cast<Decl>(IV->getDeclContext());
if (auto *Category = dyn_cast<ObjCCategoryDecl>(D))
D = Category->getClassInterface();
if (auto *Implementation = dyn_cast<ObjCImplementationDecl>(D))
ClassDeclared = Implementation->getClassInterface();
else if (auto *Interface = dyn_cast<ObjCInterfaceDecl>(D))
ClassDeclared = Interface;
assert(ClassDeclared && "cannot query interface");
} else {
if (IsArrow &&
Member, ObjCPropertyQueryKind::OBJC_PR_query_instance)) {
S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_property_found_suggest)
<< Member << BaseExpr.get()->getType()
<< FixItHint::CreateReplacement(OpLoc, ".");
return ExprError();
S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_ivar)
<< IDecl->getDeclName() << MemberName
<< BaseExpr.get()->getSourceRange();
return ExprError();
// If the decl being referenced had an error, return an error for this
// sub-expr without emitting another error, in order to avoid cascading
// error cases.
if (IV->isInvalidDecl())
return ExprError();
// Check whether we can reference this field.
if (S.DiagnoseUseOfDecl(IV, MemberLoc))
return ExprError();
if (IV->getAccessControl() != ObjCIvarDecl::Public &&
IV->getAccessControl() != ObjCIvarDecl::Package) {
ObjCInterfaceDecl *ClassOfMethodDecl = nullptr;
if (ObjCMethodDecl *MD = S.getCurMethodDecl())
ClassOfMethodDecl = MD->getClassInterface();
else if (ObjCImpDecl && S.getCurFunctionDecl()) {
// Case of a c-function declared inside an objc implementation.
// FIXME: For a c-style function nested inside an objc implementation
// class, there is no implementation context available, so we pass
// down the context as argument to this routine. Ideally, this context
// need be passed down in the AST node and somehow calculated from the
// AST for a function decl.
if (ObjCImplementationDecl *IMPD =
ClassOfMethodDecl = IMPD->getClassInterface();
else if (ObjCCategoryImplDecl* CatImplClass =
ClassOfMethodDecl = CatImplClass->getClassInterface();
if (!S.getLangOpts().DebuggerSupport) {
if (IV->getAccessControl() == ObjCIvarDecl::Private) {
if (!declaresSameEntity(ClassDeclared, IDecl) ||
!declaresSameEntity(ClassOfMethodDecl, ClassDeclared))
S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_private_ivar_access)
<< IV->getDeclName();
} else if (!IDecl->isSuperClassOf(ClassOfMethodDecl))
// @protected
S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_protected_ivar_access)
<< IV->getDeclName();
bool warn = true;
if (S.getLangOpts().ObjCWeak) {
Expr *BaseExp = BaseExpr.get()->IgnoreParenImpCasts();
if (UnaryOperator *UO = dyn_cast<UnaryOperator>(BaseExp))
if (UO->getOpcode() == UO_Deref)
BaseExp = UO->getSubExpr()->IgnoreParenCasts();
if (DeclRefExpr *DE = dyn_cast<DeclRefExpr>(BaseExp))
if (DE->getType().getObjCLifetime() == Qualifiers::OCL_Weak) {
S.Diag(DE->getLocation(), diag::err_arc_weak_ivar_access);
warn = false;
if (warn) {
if (ObjCMethodDecl *MD = S.getCurMethodDecl()) {
ObjCMethodFamily MF = MD->getMethodFamily();
warn = (MF != OMF_init && MF != OMF_dealloc &&
MF != OMF_finalize &&
!S.IvarBacksCurrentMethodAccessor(IDecl, MD, IV));
if (warn)
S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::warn_direct_ivar_access) << IV->getDeclName();
ObjCIvarRefExpr *Result = new (S.Context) ObjCIvarRefExpr(
IV, IV->getUsageType(BaseType), MemberLoc, OpLoc, BaseExpr.get(),
if (IV->getType().getObjCLifetime() == Qualifiers::OCL_Weak) {
if (!S.Diags.isIgnored(diag::warn_arc_repeated_use_of_weak, MemberLoc))
return Result;
// Objective-C property access.
const ObjCObjectPointerType *OPT;
if (!IsArrow && (OPT = BaseType->getAs<ObjCObjectPointerType>())) {
if (!SS.isEmpty() && !SS.isInvalid()) {
S.Diag(SS.getRange().getBegin(), diag::err_qualified_objc_access)
<< 0 << SS.getScopeRep() << FixItHint::CreateRemoval(SS.getRange());
// This actually uses the base as an r-value.
BaseExpr = S.DefaultLvalueConversion(BaseExpr.get());
if (BaseExpr.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
IdentifierInfo *Member = MemberName.getAsIdentifierInfo();
const ObjCObjectType *OT = OPT->getObjectType();
// id, with and without qualifiers.
if (OT->isObjCId()) {
// Check protocols on qualified interfaces.
Selector Sel = S.PP.getSelectorTable().getNullarySelector(Member);
if (Decl *PMDecl =
FindGetterSetterNameDecl(OPT, Member, Sel, S.Context)) {
if (ObjCPropertyDecl *PD = dyn_cast<ObjCPropertyDecl>(PMDecl)) {
// Check the use of this declaration
if (S.DiagnoseUseOfDecl(PD, MemberLoc))
return ExprError();
return new (S.Context)
ObjCPropertyRefExpr(PD, S.Context.PseudoObjectTy, VK_LValue,
OK_ObjCProperty, MemberLoc, BaseExpr.get());
if (ObjCMethodDecl *OMD = dyn_cast<ObjCMethodDecl>(PMDecl)) {
// Check the use of this method.
if (S.DiagnoseUseOfDecl(OMD, MemberLoc))
return ExprError();
Selector SetterSel =
ObjCMethodDecl *SMD = nullptr;
if (Decl *SDecl = FindGetterSetterNameDecl(OPT,
/*Property id*/ nullptr,
SetterSel, S.Context))
SMD = dyn_cast<ObjCMethodDecl>(SDecl);
return new (S.Context)
ObjCPropertyRefExpr(OMD, SMD, S.Context.PseudoObjectTy, VK_LValue,
OK_ObjCProperty, MemberLoc, BaseExpr.get());
// Use of id.member can only be for a property reference. Do not
// use the 'id' redefinition in this case.
if (IsArrow && ShouldTryAgainWithRedefinitionType(S, BaseExpr))
return LookupMemberExpr(S, R, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ObjCImpDecl, HasTemplateArgs);
return ExprError(S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_property_not_found)
<< MemberName << BaseType);
// 'Class', unqualified only.
if (OT->isObjCClass()) {
// Only works in a method declaration (??!).
ObjCMethodDecl *MD = S.getCurMethodDecl();
if (!MD) {
if (ShouldTryAgainWithRedefinitionType(S, BaseExpr))
return LookupMemberExpr(S, R, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ObjCImpDecl, HasTemplateArgs);
goto fail;
// Also must look for a getter name which uses property syntax.
Selector Sel = S.PP.getSelectorTable().getNullarySelector(Member);
ObjCInterfaceDecl *IFace = MD->getClassInterface();
ObjCMethodDecl *Getter;
if ((Getter = IFace->lookupClassMethod(Sel))) {
// Check the use of this method.
if (S.DiagnoseUseOfDecl(Getter, MemberLoc))
return ExprError();
} else
Getter = IFace->lookupPrivateMethod(Sel, false);
// If we found a getter then this may be a valid dot-reference, we
// will look for the matching setter, in case it is needed.
Selector SetterSel =
ObjCMethodDecl *Setter = IFace->lookupClassMethod(SetterSel);
if (!Setter) {
// If this reference is in an @implementation, also check for 'private'
// methods.
Setter = IFace->lookupPrivateMethod(SetterSel, false);
if (Setter && S.DiagnoseUseOfDecl(Setter, MemberLoc))
return ExprError();
if (Getter || Setter) {
return new (S.Context) ObjCPropertyRefExpr(
Getter, Setter, S.Context.PseudoObjectTy, VK_LValue,
OK_ObjCProperty, MemberLoc, BaseExpr.get());
if (ShouldTryAgainWithRedefinitionType(S, BaseExpr))
return LookupMemberExpr(S, R, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ObjCImpDecl, HasTemplateArgs);
return ExprError(S.Diag(MemberLoc, diag::err_property_not_found)
<< MemberName << BaseType);
// Normal property access.
return S.HandleExprPropertyRefExpr(OPT, BaseExpr.get(), OpLoc, MemberName,
MemberLoc, SourceLocation(), QualType(),
// Handle 'field access' to vectors, such as 'V.xx'.
if (BaseType->isExtVectorType()) {
// FIXME: this expr should store IsArrow.
IdentifierInfo *Member = MemberName.getAsIdentifierInfo();
ExprValueKind VK;
if (IsArrow)
VK = VK_LValue;
else {
if (PseudoObjectExpr *POE = dyn_cast<PseudoObjectExpr>(BaseExpr.get()))
VK = POE->getSyntacticForm()->getValueKind();
VK = BaseExpr.get()->getValueKind();
QualType ret = CheckExtVectorComponent(S, BaseType, VK, OpLoc,
Member, MemberLoc);
if (ret.isNull())
return ExprError();
return new (S.Context)
ExtVectorElementExpr(ret, VK, BaseExpr.get(), *Member, MemberLoc);
// Adjust builtin-sel to the appropriate redefinition type if that's
// not just a pointer to builtin-sel again.
if (IsArrow && BaseType->isSpecificBuiltinType(BuiltinType::ObjCSel) &&
!S.Context.getObjCSelRedefinitionType()->isObjCSelType()) {
BaseExpr = S.ImpCastExprToType(
BaseExpr.get(), S.Context.getObjCSelRedefinitionType(), CK_BitCast);
return LookupMemberExpr(S, R, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ObjCImpDecl, HasTemplateArgs);
// Failure cases.
// Recover from dot accesses to pointers, e.g.:
// type *foo;
// This is actually well-formed in two cases:
// - 'type' is an Objective C type
// - 'bar' is a pseudo-destructor name which happens to refer to
// the appropriate pointer type
if (const PointerType *Ptr = BaseType->getAs<PointerType>()) {
if (!IsArrow && Ptr->getPointeeType()->isRecordType() &&
MemberName.getNameKind() != DeclarationName::CXXDestructorName) {
S.Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_suggestion)
<< BaseType << int(IsArrow) << BaseExpr.get()->getSourceRange()
<< FixItHint::CreateReplacement(OpLoc, "->");
// Recurse as an -> access.
IsArrow = true;
return LookupMemberExpr(S, R, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ObjCImpDecl, HasTemplateArgs);
// If the user is trying to apply -> or . to a function name, it's probably
// because they forgot parentheses to call that function.
if (S.tryToRecoverWithCall(
BaseExpr, S.PDiag(diag::err_member_reference_needs_call),
/*complain*/ false,
IsArrow ? &isPointerToRecordType : &isRecordType)) {
if (BaseExpr.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
BaseExpr = S.DefaultFunctionArrayConversion(BaseExpr.get());
return LookupMemberExpr(S, R, BaseExpr, IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
ObjCImpDecl, HasTemplateArgs);
S.Diag(OpLoc, diag::err_typecheck_member_reference_struct_union)
<< BaseType << BaseExpr.get()->getSourceRange() << MemberLoc;
return ExprError();
/// The main callback when the parser finds something like
/// expression . [nested-name-specifier] identifier
/// expression -> [nested-name-specifier] identifier
/// where 'identifier' encompasses a fairly broad spectrum of
/// possibilities, including destructor and operator references.
/// \param OpKind either tok::arrow or tok::period
/// \param ObjCImpDecl the current Objective-C \@implementation
/// decl; this is an ugly hack around the fact that Objective-C
/// \@implementations aren't properly put in the context chain
ExprResult Sema::ActOnMemberAccessExpr(Scope *S, Expr *Base,
SourceLocation OpLoc,
tok::TokenKind OpKind,
CXXScopeSpec &SS,
SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc,
UnqualifiedId &Id,
Decl *ObjCImpDecl) {
if (SS.isSet() && SS.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
// Warn about the explicit constructor calls Microsoft extension.
if (getLangOpts().MicrosoftExt &&
Id.getKind() == UnqualifiedId::IK_ConstructorName)
TemplateArgumentListInfo TemplateArgsBuffer;
// Decompose the name into its component parts.
DeclarationNameInfo NameInfo;
const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs;
DecomposeUnqualifiedId(Id, TemplateArgsBuffer,
NameInfo, TemplateArgs);
DeclarationName Name = NameInfo.getName();
bool IsArrow = (OpKind == tok::arrow);
NamedDecl *FirstQualifierInScope
= (!SS.isSet() ? nullptr : FindFirstQualifierInScope(S, SS.getScopeRep()));
// This is a postfix expression, so get rid of ParenListExprs.
ExprResult Result = MaybeConvertParenListExprToParenExpr(S, Base);
if (Result.isInvalid()) return ExprError();
Base = Result.get();
if (Base->getType()->isDependentType() || Name.isDependentName() ||
isDependentScopeSpecifier(SS)) {
return ActOnDependentMemberExpr(Base, Base->getType(), IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
TemplateKWLoc, FirstQualifierInScope,
NameInfo, TemplateArgs);
ActOnMemberAccessExtraArgs ExtraArgs = {S, Id, ObjCImpDecl};
return BuildMemberReferenceExpr(Base, Base->getType(), OpLoc, IsArrow, SS,
TemplateKWLoc, FirstQualifierInScope,
NameInfo, TemplateArgs, S, &ExtraArgs);
Sema::BuildFieldReferenceExpr(Expr *BaseExpr, bool IsArrow,
SourceLocation OpLoc, const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
FieldDecl *Field, DeclAccessPair FoundDecl,
const DeclarationNameInfo &MemberNameInfo) {
// x.a is an l-value if 'a' has a reference type. Otherwise:
// x.a is an l-value/x-value/pr-value if the base is (and note
// that *x is always an l-value), except that if the base isn't
// an ordinary object then we must have an rvalue.
ExprValueKind VK = VK_LValue;
ExprObjectKind OK = OK_Ordinary;
if (!IsArrow) {
if (BaseExpr->getObjectKind() == OK_Ordinary)
VK = BaseExpr->getValueKind();
VK = VK_RValue;
if (VK != VK_RValue && Field->isBitField())
OK = OK_BitField;
// Figure out the type of the member; see C99, C++ [expr.ref]
QualType MemberType = Field->getType();
if (const ReferenceType *Ref = MemberType->getAs<ReferenceType>()) {
MemberType = Ref->getPointeeType();
VK = VK_LValue;
} else {
QualType BaseType = BaseExpr->getType();
if (IsArrow) BaseType = BaseType->getAs<PointerType>()->getPointeeType();
Qualifiers BaseQuals = BaseType.getQualifiers();
// GC attributes are never picked up by members.
// CVR attributes from the base are picked up by members,
// except that 'mutable' members don't pick up 'const'.
if (Field->isMutable()) BaseQuals.removeConst();
Qualifiers MemberQuals =
Qualifiers Combined = BaseQuals + MemberQuals;
if (Combined != MemberQuals)
MemberType = Context.getQualifiedType(MemberType, Combined);
auto *CurMethod = dyn_cast<CXXMethodDecl>(CurContext);
if (!(CurMethod && CurMethod->isDefaulted()))
ExprResult Base = PerformObjectMemberConversion(BaseExpr, SS.getScopeRep(),
FoundDecl, Field);
if (Base.isInvalid())
return ExprError();
// Build a reference to a private copy for non-static data members in
// non-static member functions, privatized by OpenMP constructs.
if (getLangOpts().OpenMP && IsArrow &&
!CurContext->isDependentContext() &&
isa<CXXThisExpr>(Base.get()->IgnoreParenImpCasts())) {
if (auto *PrivateCopy = IsOpenMPCapturedDecl(Field)) {
return getOpenMPCapturedExpr(PrivateCopy, VK, OK,
return BuildMemberExpr(*this, Context, Base.get(), IsArrow, OpLoc, SS,
/*TemplateKWLoc=*/SourceLocation(), Field, FoundDecl,
MemberNameInfo, MemberType, VK, OK);
/// Builds an implicit member access expression. The current context
/// is known to be an instance method, and the given unqualified lookup
/// set is known to contain only instance members, at least one of which
/// is from an appropriate type.
Sema::BuildImplicitMemberExpr(const CXXScopeSpec &SS,
SourceLocation TemplateKWLoc,
LookupResult &R,
const TemplateArgumentListInfo *TemplateArgs,
bool IsKnownInstance, const Scope *S) {
assert(!R.empty() && !R.isAmbiguous());
SourceLocation loc = R.getNameLoc();
// If this is known to be an instance access, go ahead and build an
// implicit 'this' expression now.
// 'this' expression now.
QualType ThisTy = getCurrentThisType();
assert(!ThisTy.isNull() && "didn't correctly pre-flight capture of 'this'");
Expr *baseExpr = nullptr; // null signifies implicit access
if (IsKnownInstance) {
SourceLocation Loc = R.getNameLoc();
if (SS.getRange().isValid())
Loc = SS.getRange().getBegin();
baseExpr = new (Context) CXXThisExpr(loc, ThisTy, /*isImplicit=*/true);
return BuildMemberReferenceExpr(baseExpr, ThisTy,
/*OpLoc*/ SourceLocation(),
/*IsArrow*/ true,
SS, TemplateKWLoc,
/*FirstQualifierInScope*/ nullptr,
R, TemplateArgs, S);