blob: ceea62160545ef90cf324488d7fdd763a43cd07a [file] [log] [blame]
// MmapWriteExecChecker.cpp - Check for the prot argument -----------------===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
// This checker tests the 3rd argument of mmap's calls to check if
// it is writable and executable in the same time. It's somehow
// an optional checker since for example in JIT libraries it is pretty common.
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Checkers/BuiltinCheckerRegistration.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/BugReporter/BugType.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/Checker.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/CheckerManager.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CallEvent.h"
#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CheckerContext.h"
using namespace clang;
using namespace ento;
using llvm::APSInt;
namespace {
class MmapWriteExecChecker : public Checker<check::PreCall> {
CallDescription MmapFn;
CallDescription MprotectFn;
static int ProtWrite;
static int ProtExec;
static int ProtRead;
mutable std::unique_ptr<BugType> BT;
MmapWriteExecChecker() : MmapFn("mmap", 6), MprotectFn("mprotect", 3) {}
void checkPreCall(const CallEvent &Call, CheckerContext &C) const;
int ProtExecOv;
int ProtReadOv;
int MmapWriteExecChecker::ProtWrite = 0x02;
int MmapWriteExecChecker::ProtExec = 0x04;
int MmapWriteExecChecker::ProtRead = 0x01;
void MmapWriteExecChecker::checkPreCall(const CallEvent &Call,
CheckerContext &C) const {
if (Call.isCalled(MmapFn) || Call.isCalled(MprotectFn)) {
SVal ProtVal = Call.getArgSVal(2);
Optional<nonloc::ConcreteInt> ProtLoc = ProtVal.getAs<nonloc::ConcreteInt>();
int64_t Prot = ProtLoc->getValue().getSExtValue();
if (ProtExecOv != ProtExec)
ProtExec = ProtExecOv;
if (ProtReadOv != ProtRead)
ProtRead = ProtReadOv;
// Wrong settings
if (ProtRead == ProtExec)
if ((Prot & (ProtWrite | ProtExec)) == (ProtWrite | ProtExec)) {
if (!BT)
BT.reset(new BugType(this, "W^X check fails, Write Exec prot flags set", "Security"));
ExplodedNode *N = C.generateNonFatalErrorNode();
if (!N)
auto Report = std::make_unique<PathSensitiveBugReport>(
*BT, "Both PROT_WRITE and PROT_EXEC flags are set. This can "
"lead to exploitable memory regions, which could be overwritten "
"with malicious code", N);
void ento::registerMmapWriteExecChecker(CheckerManager &mgr) {
MmapWriteExecChecker *Mwec =
Mwec->ProtExecOv =
.getCheckerIntegerOption(Mwec, "MmapProtExec");
Mwec->ProtReadOv =
.getCheckerIntegerOption(Mwec, "MmapProtRead");
bool ento::shouldRegisterMmapWriteExecChecker(const LangOptions &LO) {
return true;